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Volume 8, Issue 6

Strengthening Communication Skills for the Teachers of Simple Mental Disability
Original Research
That research aims at reinforcing communication skills for teachers of simple mental disability. To achieve the research aims, the descriptive method was used through forming a questionnaire of (47) of the simple mental disability teachers. The research results showed that using teachers of simple mental disability to social communication skills in preparatory school was average. The research also showed that there are no statistical significant differences for the views of the research sample individuals concerning using teachers of simple mental disability to social communication skills related to years of experience. According to results, the researcher reached to many recommendation: holding training courses in the field of modern teaching strategies and how to use them inside classes while dealing with students with simple mental disabilities.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2020, 8(6), 448-449. DOI: 10.12691/education-8-6-13
Pub. Date: July 01, 2020
656 Views418 Downloads
Intellectual Security in Middle Stage Curriculum from Teacher's Point of View
Original Research
The research tries to make sure that Islamic education books contain intellectual security concepts in the middle stage form teacher's view. The descriptive method was used in that research by making up a(30)clause- questionnaire formed of 25 concepts so that the most important concept of intellectual security can be measured. The study sample was formed of (73) Islamic education teacher's Emphasis was placed on the elements of (age - gender - experience).The results showed that concepts of intellectual security in Islamic education books are included in an average grade.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2020, 8(6), 445-447. DOI: 10.12691/education-8-6-12
Pub. Date: July 01, 2020
586 Views335 Downloads
Gender Differences in Senior High School Science Students’ Perceptions of Their Teachers’ Classroom Management Strategies in New-Juaben Municipality of Ghana
Original Research
This study explored gender differences associated with science students’ perception of their educators’ classroom management strategies used in the learning and teaching of science. A cross-sectional survey design was used for the investigation, which took place in three senior high schools offering the General Science programme in the New-Juaben Municipal (Koforidua), in the Eastern Region of Ghana. A sample of 300 third year (SHS 3) senior high school students in the 2018/2019 academic year were selected using a random sampling procedure to respond to a Self-Report Survey Questionnaire with closed-ended and open-ended questions. The questionnaire was adapted from the Technology-Rich outcomes-focused Learning Environment Inventory -TROFLEI) to suit the study design and was pre-tested to ensure that the statements were reliable and valid. The results from the study revealed that there are clear differences between genders regarding educators’ classroom management strategies. One other key finding from the study was students’ indecision as to the extent to which their teachers use the 10 classroom management strategies prescribed to be used by teachers. It was therefore recommended among others for educators to create an empowering technology-rich classroom atmosphere for learners to actively partake in classroom activities.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2020, 8(6), 437-444. DOI: 10.12691/education-8-6-11
Pub. Date: June 29, 2020
719 Views455 Downloads
Researching Theoretical Issues on Standards of Facilities and School Equipments to Meet the Requirements of the New General Education Program of Vietnam
Original Research
Researching theoretical issues on standards of facilities and school equipment is the basis of developing standards and managing the facilities and school equipment based on standards, meeting the requirements of the new general education program in Vietnam. This research was conducted based on the reality of the needs of schools nationwide in each region, the guidelines and policies of the Vietnamese government on school facility standards. And the new general education program in Vietnam. By researching the theoretical issues about standard facilities, school equipment that we have obtained a number of results: The concept of standard facilities, school equipment, sienctific standard basis on facilities, standard scope of facilities, and school equipment: Requirements on standard of facilities, standard principles of facilities. Developing standards for facilities and equipment at primary and secondary schools is one of the important factors to achieve educational equality, promote educational quality and enhance the general education quality. The implementation of these standards plays a guiding role in standardizing facilities, school laboratories, effectively promoting the balanced development of compulsory education in Vietnam, promoting the developinng coordination of education in regional, urban, and remote area, and accelerating the modernization of educational technology and equipment in Vietnam when implementing the new General Education Program starting from the school year 2020 - 2021.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2020, 8(6), 427-436. DOI: 10.12691/education-8-6-10
Pub. Date: June 20, 2020
715 Views290 Downloads
Higher Education in the Fourth Industrial Revolution Age
Original Research
The fourth industrial revolution has made an important step in the history of human development and for higher education today under the context that the impact of the industrial revolution 4.0 has been preparing for great opportunities and challenges. Within range of this article, the author focuses on researching important impacts of the fourth industrial revolution in coming time: training activities of higher education institutions; curriculum content, teaching methods; start-up issues in training institutions; learning environment, methods, materials, equipment, demand and process of learners have many changes. On that basis, the author analyzes some orientations for the higher education development in Vietnam today in the context of the fourth industrial revolution.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2020, 8(6), 420-426. DOI: 10.12691/education-8-6-9
Pub. Date: June 19, 2020
701 Views374 Downloads
Enhancing Teachers’ Pedagogical Practice in Mathematics Through 5E Model Focused Inquiry-Based Learning (IBL) on Learning Action Cell (LAC) Session
Original Research
The performance of the learners in Mathematics is a perennial problem in the academe would it be basic or higher education. The Department of Education is continuously investing and provides training to teachers for the improvement of the achievement level of the students. In particular, 5E Model focused on Inquiry-based Learning was introduced through Learning Action Cell (LAC) sessions to the teachers from Grade 1 to 12. The characteristics of the teachers in lesson planning and delivery of lesson was also measured. The grades of the students in second grading was used as baseline of the intervention. The LAC sessions were conducted within ten Fridays. The educational background of the teachers was also determined and the effectiveness of the LAC session to the performance of the teacher. The findings revealed that teachers have outstanding performance in lesson planning and delivery of lessons. The majority of the teachers are Baccalaureate degree graduates. The results also showed that teachers strongly agree that LAC sessions help improve their teaching performance. Furthermore, it findings showed that there was a significant increase of grades of the students in the third grading. It also showed that educational background and the conduct of LAC session have of no significant relation to students’ achievement, while teachers’ performance has significant relation. It is concluded that teachers’ performance has significant relation to students’ achievement. It is recommended to encourage teachers to pursue post graduate studies, continue the application of 5E model in teaching and the conduct of the LAC session should be done regularly for the entire school year with well-organized LAC session plan.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2020, 8(6), 416-419. DOI: 10.12691/education-8-6-8
Pub. Date: June 15, 2020
784 Views411 Downloads
Grade - 8 Students’ Knowledge on the Impact of Human Activities on an Ecosystem Using Aftermath Wheel
Original Research
This study determined the Grade 8 students’ knowledge on the impact of human activities on an ecosystem using teacher-made educational hands-on activity in the form of Aftermath Wheel. A pretest-posttest quasi-experimental design was conducted using an achievement test. Population sampling method was employed to choose the subjects of the study. There were 53 Grade 8 students form two classes of Burgos National High School in Cabarroguis, Quirino, Philippines. For the treatment, 23 students belongs to the control group (K to 12 module based lesson) and 30 students served as experimental group (Utilization of Aftermath Wheel). Data revealed that the mean scores of the control group in the pre-test was 11.91/30 (39.7%), and in the post-test was 12.74/30 (42.47%) while the mean scores of the experimental group in the pre-test was 12.8/30 (42.7%) and in the post-test was 14.07/30 (46.9%). Apparently, there is no significant difference in the pre-test and post-test scores in the control group while the post-test scores of the experimental group revealed significantly greater than their pre-test scores with a p-value of 0.013. It was found also that the post-test scores of the experimental group significantly greater than the post-test scores of the control group in the subtopic on ways of minimizing human impact, with a p-value of 0.028. And in the overall, data analysis revealed that there is no significant difference in the over-all post-test scores between the control group. Relatively, this study has demonstrated that the aftermath wheel can help in enhancing the knowledge of the grade 8 students on the impact of human activities on an ecosystem. Hence, the researcher recommended to use of the Aftermath Wheel as an alternative method to enhance the knowledge of the students on the impact of human activities in the ecosystem.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2020, 8(6), 411-415. DOI: 10.12691/education-8-6-7
Pub. Date: June 15, 2020
1175 Views793 Downloads
Teachers’ Perception of Professional Ethics and Its Impact on Their Professionalism
Original Research
This study was aimed at investigating teachers’ perception of professional ethics and its impact on their professionalism. Four districts from each of two zones, namely, Gamo and South Omo were selected using lottery methods. One primary school and one secondary school were selected using lottery method and further, teachers from the selected schools were taken totally using convenient sampling. To get as dependable data as possible, the study involved a mix of qualitative and quantitative approach. A questionnaire, which was developed by the investigators, was used after carrying out pilot study. To see how teachers perceive their codes of professional ethics, qualitatively gathered data was analyzed through description, frequency tables and histograms. To see the role teachers’ perception of their code of professional ethics in their professionalism, linear regressions was used. To investigate whether teachers’ sex modify the relationship between their perception of professional ethics and professionalism, an independent sample t-test was used. The result has indicated that many teachers perceive that they are fully compliant to the professional ethics, and they thought that their obedience to professional ethics has resulted from their conscience. Besides, the result has given us that for teachers’ who attribute the source of their professional ethical stand to moral responsibility, their professionalism was found to be significantly affected by their perception. An independent sample t-test has shown us that teachers’ there was no significant gender difference in professional ethical stand. Similarly, it has been revealed that there is no significant difference in perception of professional ethics between teachers of primary and secondary schools.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2020, 8(6), 400-410. DOI: 10.12691/education-8-6-6
Pub. Date: June 11, 2020
908 Views428 Downloads
Process Skills Application and Higher Order Thinking Skills among Biology Students in Colleges of Education in Southwestern Nigeria
Original Research
The study determined the level of Process Skills Application (PSA) and utilization of Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTS) among Biology students in colleges of education in southwestern Nigeria as well as the relationship between the PSA and HOTS of Biology students in colleges of education in the study area. The population comprised of all Biology students in colleges of education in southwestern Nigeria. One hundred students were selected from each of two federal colleges and three state colleges of education in the study area making a total of five hundred students. Thirty students were randomly selected for observation for process skills application of the students. The study revealed that there was a moderate level of PSA while the utilization of HOTS among the respondent was low. It was also revealed that there was no significant relationship between process skill application and higher order thinking skills (r=0.10, p>0.05) of Biology students in the study area.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2020, 8(6), 391-399. DOI: 10.12691/education-8-6-5
Pub. Date: June 08, 2020
818 Views313 Downloads
Modern Tesla Coil as a Multidisciplinary Example in STEM Teaching
Original Research
A modern Tesla coil is an excellent multidisciplinary example in undergraduate STEM teaching. It incorporates several concepts from physics and electrical engineering. For example, Ampere’s law and Faraday’s law are concepts in physics while an LC circuit, an RLC circuit, and the properties of a transistor are concepts in electrical engineering. A Tesla coil shows the intimate relationship between electricity and magnetism. Ampere’s law states that a current induces a magnetic field and Faraday’s law states that a changing magnetic flux induces a voltage. In a classical Tesla coil, a spark gap switches the current on and off flowing through the primary coil. Meanwhile, in many modern Tesla coils, a transistor is used instead of a spark gap, since it can switch on and off very quickly using a lower voltage. Several papers described how modern tesla coils work. However, the designs of modern Tesla coils were complicated and the mathematical descriptions for Tesla coils were beyond undergraduate students’ level. This paper describes a modern Tesla coil by providing mathematical details that are appropriate for undergraduate students’ level. To satisfy the educational purpose of this paper, we also choose the simplest design for a modern Tesla coil. The primary circuit in a modern Tesla coil used here is a parallel RLC circuit. We show that it can play the same role as the series RLC circuit of the primary circuit in the classical Tesla coil.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2020, 8(6), 383-390. DOI: 10.12691/education-8-6-4
Pub. Date: June 07, 2020
869 Views276 Downloads
The Deteriorating Status of Vocational Studies in Nigerian Universities; an Impediment to the Nation’s Future
Original Research
Nigeria and the course of her future make an interesting topic especially with being the most populous black nation on earth as well as a regional power in Africa. Despite these and her being endowed with abundant natural and human resources, Nigeria has always been tagged by several scholars and analysts as a state with an uncertain future due to her inability to maximize her numerous resources, utilize opportunities as well as the inability to halt the impending threats of internal violence, terrorism, and militancy; coupled with her failure to tackle new security threats and challenges properly plus her inability to actualize some of her goals and visions due to corruption, tribalism among others. In all these projections, the field of education has a gigantic role to play in putting the future of the country on the right path but has been found wanting with the standard of education in Nigeria declining seriously, especially the much-needed vocational studies. Asides providing the tutelage essential to the growth of the pupil’s personality; the importance of the universities in providing the necessary skills for advanced and futuristic jobs as well as undertaking research works to expand the volume of intellectual understanding of current and projected issues in the country and their application to such issues, cannot be undermined with regards to the country’s future. This text thus seeks to address the deteriorating status of vocational studies in Nigerian Universities as an impediment to the future of the country.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2020, 8(6), 376-382. DOI: 10.12691/education-8-6-3
Pub. Date: June 03, 2020
767 Views423 Downloads
The Influence of Teacher-parent Collaborative Monitoring of School Attendance on Pupils’ Academic Performance in Nyahururu Sub-county Kenya
Original Research
Teacher-parent collaboration has been highly encouraged because of its strong associations with educational success. However, it has not been verified whether it influences pupils’ academic performance in the early years of education, hence continues to be a significant issue. The purpose of the study was to determine the influence of teacher-parent collaboration in monitoring school attendance on pupils’ academic performance in public pre-primary schools in Nyahururu Sub-County, Laikipia County. The study was anchored on Epstein’s theory of parental involvement and Bronfenbrenner’s ecological systems theory. The study approach was quantitative and therefore a descriptive survey research design was adopted. The accessible population of the study was 351 teachers and parents of the 8088 pupils in the176 public pre-primary schools. The sample was 69 teachers and 72 parents. Cluster random sampling, simple random sampling and purposive sampling techniques were used to obtain the study sample. Likert scale questionnaires were used for data collection. Piloting was done in five pre-primary schools to ascertain reliability of the instruments where split-half method was used. Experts from the university scrutinized the instruments to ensure validity. Data collected was coded and analyzed using statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) version 25. Results were presented using frequencies, ratings and mean scores in data tables. Research ethics was duly observed. The study found that teacher-parent collaboration in monitoring school attendance influenced pupils’ academic performance to a great extent. The significance of the study was to enlighten all the early years’ education stakeholders on the importance of teacher-parent collaboration on monitoring of school attendance. Teachers and parents should establish effective collaboration in monitoring school attendance to ensure consistence in attending school thus improving pupils’ academic performance.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2020, 8(6), 367-375. DOI: 10.12691/education-8-6-2
Pub. Date: June 02, 2020
1160 Views789 Downloads1 Likes
Relationship of the Variables affecting the Students Utilizing the Peer Led Team Learning 7e Chemical Bonding Worksheets
Original Research
The Peer Led Team Learning (PLTL) and 7E approaches are proven strategies in developing concepts, spatial ability, self-concept, group interaction and problem-solving skill but very few studies assessed its combined effects. The combined pedagogical approach - cognitive, psychomotor, and affective nexus needs to be assessed to support the improvement in the teaching practice of chemical bonding. Students independent variables include sex, Senior High School (SHS) track, and college entrance test science score (SS). Adapted instruments measured the dependent variables: conceptual understanding (CU), spatial ability (SA), self-concept (SC), group interaction (GI) and problem-solving approach (PSA). The score from the chemical bonding worksheet (CBW) was gathered as well. From the set of independent and dependent variables, the present study determined the relationship of sex, SHS track, SS, CU, SA, SC, GI, PSA and CBW scores. Action research paradigm was employed to 71 preservice science teachers that were divided into 10 peer groups that experienced the 30 hours activities of the CBW. The variables were tested by Pearson Correlation to show significant relationships. Results showed significant relationship between SHS track and CU, SA, SC, SS, CBW, GI and PSA. CU to SA, CBW to SA and GI, and SS to SC. Differing from most study sex was not significantly related to SA and SC. Implications of the findings to improving the CBW and teaching of chemical bonding were explained.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2020, 8(6), 360-366. DOI: 10.12691/education-8-6-1
Pub. Date: May 28, 2020
1158 Views499 Downloads1 Likes