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Volume 8, Issue 10

Out of School Children: Enhancing Factors and Consequences for Sustainable Development in North Central Geo-Political Zone, Nigeria
Original Research
Education is a key to development and sustainable development. Children out of school deter development and sustainable development. The purpose of the study is an investigation on Out of school children: enhancing factors and consequences for sustainable development in North Central Geo-Political Zone, Nigeria. The design of the study was a survey research design which involves the retrieving of data from selected respondents representing the entire population comprising of teachers and parents in the North Central Geo-Political zone of Nigeria. The sample size of 800 respondents was selected from the 2 sample states drawn through simple random sampling techniques. Four research questions and four hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. The study employed both qualitative and quantitative research strategies in analyzing the data. Data was gathered through questionnaire titled ‘Out of School Children Questionnaire’ (OSCQ). The research questions were answered using mean and standard deviation scores and independent t test statistic was used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 alpha level of significance. The finding of the study revealed that poverty, child labour, teenage pregnancy and distance to school are the major causes of children out of school in the North Central Geo Political zone. Also menial jobs were major implication of out of school children. Based on the findings of the study the recommendations made were that punishment should be prescribed for parents whose children are out of school and there should be poverty reduction strategies in the development of appropriate policies and intervention strategies to help poor people improve their living standard.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2020, 8(10), 804-811. DOI: 10.12691/education-8-10-10
Pub. Date: October 30, 2020
368 Views246 Downloads1 Likes
Gender Influence on Pre-service Teachers’ Emotional Intelligence at Selected Colleges of Education in Ghana
Original Research
This paper examined the postulations propounded by Gender and Emotional Intelligence (EI) theories regarding the relationship between gender and EI. It interrogated the veracity of the postulations advanced by these theories, considering the fact that there are other factors such as age, marital status, and many more that may account for individuals’ EI. The study was conducted among pre-service teachers in two selected colleges of education in the Central Region of Ghana. Using purposive and convenient sampling techniques, a total of 539 second-year pre-service teachers were selected from the two colleges. Questionnaires were administered to all the respondents, which were designed taking into cognisance the “Mayer, Salovey, and Caruso (1999) Emotional Intelligence Test-MSCEIT and Baron-On’s (2004) EI Inventory.” A Quasi-Experimental Design was adopted for the study. Findings from the study’s analysis revealed that gender, in particular, age and marital status in no way influenced the pre-service teachers’ EI. Rather, other elements such as individuals’ personalities and moods, adequate rest, limited stress, and the individual building of personal and social competences could influence pre-service teachers’ EI.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2020, 8(10), 795-803. DOI: 10.12691/education-8-10-9
Pub. Date: October 27, 2020
422 Views243 Downloads
Practical Test Result of Visuanlized Exercises of Number Symbol for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder Aged 5-6 Years Old in Specialized Settings
Original Research
The paper indicated the results of using data visualization to form number symbol (NS) for two children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ADS). Based on the strength of visual thinking of children with ASD, we have designed a set of symbol exercises from easy to difficult arrangement for pre-schoolers. In addition, exercises are developed in specific and detailed procedures, combining visual and writing instructions to make children easily manipulate and comprehend. After conducting experiment by 02 children with ASD at 5-6 years old, there has been a remarkable improvement in forming number symbol and the concentration to do these exercises. Case 1: The concentration was reported to increase from 12,5% to 50%; The number symbol formation was reported to increase from 22,75% to 71,87%. Case 2: The Concentration was reported to increase from 0% to 37,5%; Number symbol was reported to increase from 36% to 64%. Thus, the data visualization exercises have showed many positive effects for the process of forming children's number symbol.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2020, 8(10), 787-794. DOI: 10.12691/education-8-10-8
Pub. Date: October 23, 2020
401 Views280 Downloads
Using PEP 3 in Early Intervantion for Chidren with Autism Spectrum Disorders Ages 3-4 Years Old in Vietnam: Situation and Lesson
Original Research
The paper had some theoritical reviews and studied the implementation on how to use PEP 3 tool in early intervention for 3-4 year old children in specialized schools. Amount of 86 teachers and 63 parents with children with autism spectrum disorders was involved in the study. Research results showed that: (1) the 3-4 year old period was a golden to develop cognitive, thinking, language-communication development as well as form desirable behaviors; (2) Verifying the level function of a child was essential in order to then make a decision of the matching intervention program to the child with appropriate goals and strategies; (3) PEP 3 early intervention program was accessible to teachers and parents on both transition assessment as well as exercises and playing activities for children; (4) Teachers and parents were awared about goals, meanings, contents and methods of PEP 3 during the early intervention; (5) although there were some advantages in using the program, teachers and parents still have met some difficulties such as lacking of knowledge, materials and training courses to facilitate to using PEP 3.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2020, 8(10), 779-786. DOI: 10.12691/education-8-10-7
Pub. Date: October 21, 2020
412 Views251 Downloads
5I’s Learning Path with Cultural Approach Embedded to CAI on Student’s Conceptual Understanding
Original Research
This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of 5I’s Learning Path with Cultural Approach embedded in Computer-Aided Instructional (CAI) Material to the conceptual understanding among 1st year Bachelor of Science in Hospitality Management students, who are officially enrolled during 1st Semester, School Year 2019-2020 taking Mathematics in the Modern World at Sultan Kudarat State University - Tacurong City Campus. Two sections of 31, students each class were used as participants of the study and randomly selected as control and experimental groups which employed a quasi-experimental research design. The level of conceptual understanding of the students was measured using their scores in taking the Conceptual Understanding Test (CUT). Mean, standard deviation, and the analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) were used to analyze the data collected. Results revealed that 5I’s Learning Path with Cultural Approach embedded in CAI helped develop the students’ conceptual understanding.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2020, 8(10), 772-778. DOI: 10.12691/education-8-10-6
Pub. Date: October 15, 2020
552 Views285 Downloads
Social Media to the Rescue: PK-12 Teachers’ Mental Health during a Pandemic
Original Research
The purpose of this study is to research how K-12 teachers are using social media for advice, teaching activities, and support. Researchers reviewed the disaster-response plans of four of America’s largest school districts for background, then after receiving IRB approval and permission from the group administer, researchers reviewed posts from the public Facebook group, “K12 Learning Possibilities in Pandemic Times,” with dates spanning March 14 through April 13, 2020. Posts were hand-copied from the platform and entered into an Excel worksheet, totaling 738 posts. Descriptive coding was then applied to the sharing and requesting posts to identify and assess the topic each post addressed. Conclusions are that K-12 districts could add links to disaster plans providing teachers with social-media encouragement, activities, and strategies that are practical and sustainable during protracted stay-at-home formats. Strategies and protocols for school counselors and related support personnel could also include social media for implementing and receiving peer-to-peer strategies and emotional support. Districts that plan to employ online learning could include social media resources to provide teachers and students in need with peer-to-peer interaction. Also, disaster planning should specify social-media strategies to mitigate the stress-effects of extended isolation.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2020, 8(10), 767-771. DOI: 10.12691/education-8-10-5
Pub. Date: October 14, 2020
556 Views289 Downloads
Design and Development of a Science Literacy Material on Vaccination as an Intervention Campaign for Parents of High School Students in the Philippines
Original Research
The Philippines had an alarming rise in measles cases for the past few years, and one of the reasons for this is the parents’ hesitation in having their kids vaccinated. For this reason, this study aims to formulate and design a science literacy material on vaccination as an intervention campaign for parents of one high school in the Philippines. The study utilized a pre-experimental pre-test-posttest research design with 100 randomly selected parents of the Grade 7 students enrolled for the academic year 2018-2019. A standardized test on parents' knowledge and perception of vaccines with internal consistency value of 0.7185 was used. In the pretest, respondents scored low on vaccine knowledge. However, a significant improvement was shown in the levels of knowledge on vaccines before and after the conduct of the symposium and the distribution of the brochures. There was also a significant difference between the parents’ perception on vaccination before and after the vaccination intervention campaign. Based on the study's findings, it is recommended that the school, in cooperation with the DOH and the local government unit, must conduct a massive educational or information drive to the parents to reduce the number of hesitant parents.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2020, 8(10), 762-766. DOI: 10.12691/education-8-10-4
Pub. Date: October 13, 2020
462 Views256 Downloads
Statistical Thinking in Problem Solving
Original Research
This article studies the role of Statistical Thinking in Problem Solving., where the problem is considered with its wide meaning (not mathematical problems only). Particular emphasis is given to Bayesian Reasoning, whose importance in everyday life and science applications has been only recently fully recognized. Critical and Computational Thinking, the other two main modes of thinking used in Problem Solving, are also discussed and examples are presented illustrating our conclusions.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2020, 8(10), 754-761. DOI: 10.12691/education-8-10-3
Pub. Date: October 13, 2020
483 Views237 Downloads
Developing the Capability to Applying Knowledge for Non-Metallic Chemistry Module
Original Research
Currently, developing students' capability to apply knowledge is an essential task in teaching in high schools. Capability developing can be conducted by different means. One of the most effective methods is to use experiments associated with practice. In this article, the author referred the process of conducting experiments associated with practice, investigated the reality of developing capability to apply chemical knowledge for students through practical experiments in some high schools, built assessment tool, from which we designed and used the system of experiments associated with practice in the lectures of Non-Metallic Chemistry, conducted pedagogical experiments and evaluated the effectiveness of developing the capability to applying knowledge for students.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2020, 8(10), 746-753. DOI: 10.12691/education-8-10-2
Pub. Date: October 12, 2020
454 Views219 Downloads
Pre-service Teachers’ Perception of Their Mathematics Classroom Environment in Ghanaian Colleges of Education
Original Research
Classroom learning environment is one of the prominent areas of research in education over the last three decades. The purpose of this study was to investigate pre-service educators’ perception of their mathematics classroom environment in Colleges of Education in the Central Region of Ghana. In all, 186 pre-service mathematics teachers were randomly selected by census to take part in the study. The cross-sectional survey design was adopted. Data were analysed using means, independent samples t-test and one way between group ANOVA. The outcomes indicated that pre-service mathematics teachers have a high level of perception on their classroom environment. It was additionally discovered that there was no factually noteworthy contrast in the view of pre-service mathematics instructors on their classroom condition among male and female in the Colleges of Education. Finally, there was no measurably critical contrast in view of pre-service mathematics educators across the three Colleges of Education. It was recommended that Colleges of Education should maintain the high level of the mathematics classroom atmosphere as being experienced by the three colleges used for this study. It was suggested that the study should be done on a large scale to cover all Colleges of Education in Ghana.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2020, 8(10), 739-745. DOI: 10.12691/education-8-10-1
Pub. Date: October 11, 2020
456 Views270 Downloads