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Volume 7, Issue 3

Critical Success Factors of eLearning in Distance Education Program in a Developing Country
Original Research
This paper aims to identify the critical success factors (CSFs) of eLearning in distance education/learning program in a developing country, Bangladesh. Distance education program is accredited in overcoming a number of barriers in education, especially time constraint and geographical location. eLearning is often used as a means of distance education program. In previous researches a number of bottleneck are identified in distance education as well as in eLearning. In Bangladesh, Bangladesh Open University (BOU) is solely authorized to conduct the distance education. The aim of BOU is to distribute the knowledge in remote areas and to the community of unprivileged. BOU has taken the eLearning as the premise of strengthening the distance education program. This study aims to identify the critical success factors (CSFs) that are necessary to ensure the effective distance education through eLearning on the priority basis. As Fuzzy Analytical Hierarchy Process (FAHP) is recognized extensively for identifying the actions required on priority basis, FAHP is used to conduct the study.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2019, 7(3), 299-303. DOI: 10.12691/education-7-3-16
Pub. Date: March 29, 2019
4929 Views2109 Downloads
A Markov Chain Application on the Levels of the Bloom’s Taxonomy of Learning Objectives
Original Research
A Markov Chain is introduced on the levels of the Bloom’s Taxonomy and a measure for evaluating student learning skills is obtained by applying basic principles of the related theory. A classroom application is also presented illustrating the usefulness of this approach in practice. The Bloom’s Taxonomy, which has been applied in the USA and in other countries by generations of teachers and college instructors in the teaching process, refers to a classification of the different learning objectives serving as a way of distinguishing the fundamental questions within the educational system.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2019, 7(3), 294-298. DOI: 10.12691/education-7-3-15
Pub. Date: March 28, 2019
4186 Views1616 Downloads
Training and Improving the Quality of Human Resources in Ethnic Minority and Mountainous Areas in Vietnam in Current Context
Original Research
In the development resources of each country, human resources are considered to be the most important, precious, and decisive, especially for Vietnam. The development of human resources in ethnic minority and mountainous areas is one of the important tasks for hunger eradication and poverty reduction sustainably and effectively, promoting quickly socio-economic development of the areas. Being aware of the great role and significance of the human resources, the Government of Vietnam has issued and implemented many direct and indirect policies related to training and improvement of human resources in the ethnic minority and mountainous areas and have initially achieved certain results such as: Strengthening learning opportunities for ethnic minority and mountainous students through a system of boarding and semi-boarding ethnic minority schools and school points; Improving the quality of ethnic minority human resources through vocational training; Enhancing the quality of education for ethnic minority students through nomination or priority policies for points by areas when taking entrance exams to colleges, universities, etc. However, besides the achieved results, there are still limitations and shortcomings in training and improving the quality of human resources in ethnic minority and mountainous areas in Vietnam. Therefore, it is necessary to synchronously implement solutions on training and improving the quality of human resources in ethnic minority and mountainous areas, meeting the requirements of socio-economic development of the population, ethnic groups and mountainous areas in particular and Vietnam in general in the new period.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2019, 7(3), 284-293. DOI: 10.12691/education-7-3-14
Pub. Date: March 28, 2019
3276 Views1212 Downloads5 Likes
Youths and Sustaining Democracy in Nigeria: Issues, Challenges and Way Forward
Original Research
The crux of democracy is dependent on the desires of the population which such government serves. The Youths have been identified as an essential section of any country’s population because of their contribution to economic and democratic development. In the case of Nigeria, youths have participated in politics, engineer agitation for environmental protection, electoral process and civil justice which constitute aspects of the democratic experience. However, in recent times the democratic experience in the country has been threatened by violence and insecurity which have been perpetuated by youths. This study is therefore informed by the need to analyse the challenges faced in sustaining democracy in Nigeria, the impact youths have on the sustenance of democracy in Nigeria as well as solutions that can be adopted to sustain democracy in the country. The study employs a survey design approach using a structured questionnaire titled “Impact and Challenges of Youths in Sustaining Democracy” (ICYSD) for data collection and was guided by three research questions. A total of 200 youths residing in Cross rives state were sampled from 1200 youths in the Niger delta region. Data was analysed employing frequencies and percentages. The findings indicates that the primary challenge faced in sustaining democracy is illiteracy, ethnic sentiment, unemployment, poverty amongst others and that the impact of youths on the sustenance of democracy include manpower provision, voter strength, electoral violence and disruption of economic activities to mention a few. This study further reveals that through empowerment programmes, access to education, religious and ethnic tolerance and job creation, democracy can be sustained in Nigeria.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2019, 7(3), 279-283. DOI: 10.12691/education-7-3-13
Pub. Date: March 26, 2019
5434 Views1805 Downloads
Effects of Teachers’ Attitude on Collaboration with Stakeholders towards the Practice of Inclusive Education in Akatsi District of Ghana
Original Research
The objective of the study was to determine the effects of teachers’ attitude on inclusive practice in the Volta Region. It was mixed research guided by descriptive survey design. Proportional and the simple random sampling procedures were used to select 20 teachers from four inclusive schools. Views of the participants were solicited using a semi-structured interview guide. Data were analysed using thematic approach. It was observed that, the practice and the success of inclusive education largely depended on teachers’ positive attitude. Where teachers were positive in their collaboration with stakeholders there has been increased students home-school communication, effective follow-up services, improved prescription and the use of drugs, parental monitoring and supervision, early identification of disability, improved children’s information on health problems, condition and diseases to teachers by parents. However negative teacher attitudes promote indiscipline, low academic performance and low rate of giving health talks to students. It is recommended that teachers should work hand in hand with all stakeholders for comprehensive and effective school management systems to promote successful inclusive education.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2019, 7(3), 269-278. DOI: 10.12691/education-7-3-12
Pub. Date: March 29, 2019
5914 Views2025 Downloads
Moving Forward: Examining the Success Characteristics Influencing the Academic Achievement of Hispanic Male Teens to Complete a High School Education
Original Research
Those researching the high school academic achievement of Hispanic male teens in the United States will discover that there is very little significant research identifying the positive factors that helped those who graduated from high school on time. Because of this lack of data, the purpose of this study is to broaden the research that potentially identifies the best practices of those Hispanic male teens that academically succeeded in graduating from high school and those support systems that assisted them in achieving their academic goal. This study was guided by (a) identifying the positive characteristics that influenced the academic achievement of Hispanic male teens as perceived by students, parents, teachers and administrative staff; (b) identify and compare the positive characteristic found in the national studies with those found in the City of Milwaukee; (c) compare and contrast the data revealed through the interview process with students, parents and teachers. The results from this mixed methods study (survey and interviews) identifies five positive characteristics that assist in identifying and confirming factors that other national studies have also found to be consistent with the available research. Further, the data obtained from this study represent creating possible interventions to improve the academic achievement of those students considered at risk. The data presented within this research reflects a segment of the larger population of those Hispanic male teens in the Milwaukee, Wisconsin community. By utilizing data that may be somewhat familiar from other studies, the all-important focus was on the common threads that help the students develop resilience to maintain their goal of moving forward to graduate from high school.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2019, 7(3), 258-268. DOI: 10.12691/education-7-3-11
Pub. Date: March 29, 2019
5650 Views1654 Downloads
Using Interactive Whiteboard in Teaching Islamic Education and Its Effect on Some Variables
Original Research
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of using Interactive Whiteboard in teaching Islamic Education on the achievement and learning motivation of the 7th grade students. The empirical method was used in this study. The study sample consisted of 89 participants who were selected randomly. The achievement test and learning motivation scales were used as study tools. The results have shown statistically significant differences in post-achievement due to the method of teaching, and were in favor of Interactive Whiteboard, and also in favor of male students. In addition, some statistically significant differences were indicated between the average scores of the experimental group on the pre - and post-motivational scale as shown in the post-application. Also, significant differences were indicated between the average performance of the two groups on the learning motivation scale of the Islamic Education, and was in favor of the experimental group. The absence of a statistically significant effect on students' achievement and learning motivation were attributed to the interaction between the teaching method and the gender of the students.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2019, 7(3), 249-257. DOI: 10.12691/education-7-3-10
Pub. Date: March 20, 2019
4081 Views870 Downloads
Think-Pair-Share Strategy Enhances the Understanding of High School Students in Physics: The Case of Japanese Stem Educators
Original Research
This research designed a lesson that allowed students to consider the principle of a magnetic top while utilizing the teaching method “Think-Pair-Share,” which promotes discussion. The purpose of this research is to practice lessons in high school science classes, analyze them, and evaluate “Think-Pair-Share.” This science class was conducted in December 2016 for 54 high school students in 11th grade in Japan. Two groups were formed among the students to enhance their understanding of electromagnets. The breakdown was as follows: from a total of 54 students, the stainless-steel group contained 27 students and the iron group contained 27 students. Each lesson was conducted over two hours. The stainless-steel group used stainless steel and iron bolts to promote discussion on the properties of an electromagnet and the iron group used iron bolts only. Apart from this teaching strategy to foster discussion, “Think-Pair-Share” was used. As a result, it was revealed that the discussion was deepened and promoted in the stainless-steel group for which the experiment was not successful the first time, rather than the iron group for which the experiment succeeded the first time. Therefore, the “Think-Pair-Share” strategy was effective in encouraging discussion that was wide-ranging and conducted from various perspectives. It was considered that discussion between two people was an important factor. In particular, it became clear that Think-Pair-Share is effective under circumstances that generate cognitive conflicts.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2019, 7(3), 244-248. DOI: 10.12691/education-7-3-9
Pub. Date: March 13, 2019
4685 Views1262 Downloads
The Impact of Prior Exposure to Calculus
Original Research
Many students who take calculus in high school opt to retake the course in college. This study investigated the impact of that prior exposure. Students were invited to complete a survey about their experiences with calculus, with eight being interviewed afterwards. While students nearly unanimously agreed that prior experience with calculus was a benefit, none felt that it was a necessity to succeed in a college calculus course. Also, a few students identified some detriments to having taken calculus in high school, mostly stemming from an inadequate high school class. Despite the students’ perceptions, Pearson’s Chi Square Tests identified a significant difference in both the students’ success (pass/fail) and letter grades based on the method of placement into Calculus I (testing in via a placement test did better than taking the pre-requisite courses), but not based on either prior exposure to calculus or type of calculus taken during high school (AP and taking the test, AP and not taking the test, non-AP, or no calculus). A survey on student perceptions identified calculus as the most beneficial class to take before Calculus I, but interviews indicated algebra and trigonometry as the most beneficial.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2019, 7(3), 237-243. DOI: 10.12691/education-7-3-8
Pub. Date: March 12, 2019
3396 Views1093 Downloads
Financial Literacy of Graduate High School Students
Original Research
The purpose of this study is to investigate the level of financial literacy of high school students, especially graduate students of general high school. In a constantly evolving world people need to manage a variety of daily financial statements. The requirements deriving from the financial environment makes it necessary to have basic financial knowledge. The transmission of such knowledge through teaching financial lessons and performing respective educational programs, as part of basic and especially secondary education, aimed at financial literacy of students. The aim of the financial literacy is for the students to be able to address adequately the financial challenges while improving their standard of living at present and in the future.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2019, 7(3), 232-236. DOI: 10.12691/education-7-3-7
Pub. Date: March 11, 2019
3799 Views1617 Downloads
Attitudes of Student Teachers at the University of Petra toward Teaching Profession and Its Relation to Their Teaching Competences Observed during Practical Training§
Original Research
This study aimed at exploring the attitudes of the student teachers at the University of Petra toward teaching Profession, and its relation to their teaching Competences observed during practical training. In order to meet this objective, the study sample contained 35 female student teachers. The sample was split into two groups: 23 participants specialize in class teacher, and 12 participants specializing in child education. The researcher used the attitudes measure towards the teaching Profession and a notebook to write the observed teaching Competences. The study concluded the existence of a positive attitude toward the profession prior to and post of field training, in spite of a decrease in the attitude level after training. Also, the study showed the existence of a statistical indicative difference between the attitude average of the participants toward the teaching profession attributed to the difference in their specialties. The study results were in favor of the students specializing in the class teacher. Additionally, the study has showed that the level of teaching Competences of the female student teachers was high, and there is no statistical indicative difference between the teaching Competences of female student teachers as viewed by the advisors of field training based on specialty. Finally, the study does not indicate any relation between their attitude toward the teaching profession and teaching Competences during the practical training.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2019, 7(3), 224-231. DOI: 10.12691/education-7-3-6
Pub. Date: March 10, 2019
4646 Views1788 Downloads
Assessment of the Inquiry Teaching Method on Academic Achievements of Students in Biology Education at Mawuko Girls School, Ho, Ghana
Case Study
The study assessed the inquiry method on students’ academic achievement in biology in Mawuko Girls School in Ho Municipality using quasi-experimental pre-test and post-test non-equivalent control group design. It employed lecture teaching method as a control to established the variation between the lecture teaching method and that of inquiry. Second-year students offering biology were used for the study. Two research questions and two hypotheses were tested at 5% level of significance. The sample size of the study was 101 second-year biology students drawn by purposive sampling technique from the school. The classes used for the study were selected by simple random sampling using the ballot method. Mean, grand mean, standard deviation and t-test statistic were used to analyze data from the result of a Researcher Made Biology Test (RMBT) used for data collection. The results show that there was a significant difference between the achievements of students taught with the inquiry method and those taught with lecture method in favour of inquiry (p ≤ 0.05). There was, however, no statistically significant difference between the mean pretest scores of the experimental and control groups used for the study (p>0.05). The mean post-test scores show a wide difference. Inquiry method proved more effective than lecture method in enhancing students’ academic achievement in biology. Workshops, seminars and refresher courses on inquiry teaching and learning are therefore recommended for teachers and educational instructors to build their competency levels. Also, laboratories, as well as other infrastructure that supports inquiry learning, should be made available to the school.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2019, 7(3), 219-223. DOI: 10.12691/education-7-3-5
Pub. Date: March 08, 2019
4400 Views1554 Downloads
On the Procedural-Conceptual Based Taxonomy and Its Adaptation to the Multi-Dimensional Approach SPUR to Assess Students’ Understanding Mathematics
Original Research
In this paper we propose a new cognitive taxonomy which is so-called the PCK taxonomy (based on Procedural and Conceptual Knowledge) and adapt this taxonomy to the multi-dimensional approach SPUR (Skills, Properties, Uses, Representations) in analyzing the written mathematics assessments given at some high schools located in Binh Dinh province, Vietnam. Base on the findings we discuss and propose methods to establish the written mathematics assessments in order to assess students’ understanding mathematics more accurately.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2019, 7(3), 212-218. DOI: 10.12691/education-7-3-4
Pub. Date: March 07, 2019
4961 Views1372 Downloads3 Likes
Preschool Education System in Egypt and the United States of America (A Comparative Study)
Original Research
The main objective of this study was to compare and shed the light on the different issues of preschool education system and the preparation of preschool teachers in Egypt and the United States of America in order that Egypt could improve its preschool education system according to its progress, challenges, objectives and teachers' preparation. The study discussed that preschool education means educating young children before primary school in a formal setting, such as preschools, nursery schools or kindergarten environments. As known that children of today are the leaders and future policy makers of tomorrow so any shortcomings in their care and education would affect negatively their nations' future. preschools are the first institutions established for educating and taking care of young children aged from 3-6 years old. Moreover, preschool teachers have a great influence on creating the children's psychological and educational attitudes, they provide them with reading and writing skills and help them to be ready for later learning and formal education. Therefore; it is necessary to have highly qualified teachers in educational, psychological and academic fields needed in this sensitive stage. The study followed the comparative and descriptive research method, and it concluded with some recommendations to explore alternative ways for improving the Egyptian preschool education system.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2019, 7(3), 199-211. DOI: 10.12691/education-7-3-3
Pub. Date: March 02, 2019
7912 Views2278 Downloads1 Likes
Young Scientists Discovering Food Web: An IBSE (Inquiry Based Science Education) Activity at Zoo Delle Maitine (Benevento, Italy)
Case Study
The IBSE approach in the study of science allows pupils to formulate themselves the questions to which they need to find an answer. Is a highly stimulating approach that was used in an Educational Activity about food web at the Zoo. Starting from the observation of living creatures (from insects to reptiles and small mammals as well) and then posing themselves questions, kids were stimulated to find answers and to hypothesize conjectures. The success, calculated by questionnaires, both between kids and teachers, and checking every five minutes the attention of students, was great and the lesson about food web in nature was, for sure, learned. A total of 480 students participated in the activities; 69 teachers were present and questioned at the end of activities: 25 had the IBSE lab, 44 the non IBSE. Opinions about both activities, IBSE and NON IBSE, were generally good but the activity conducted with the IBSE method scored a higher value so the IBSE method was a great success.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2019, 7(3), 194-198. DOI: 10.12691/education-7-3-2
Pub. Date: March 02, 2019
4448 Views1287 Downloads
Multicultural Education in Higher Education in Vietnam
Original Research
Multicultural education is undoubtedly essential in giving equal educational opportunities to all students and in helping them prepare for the workplace in a globalized and multicultural world today. This article reports major findings from a study conducted with 1850 respondents (23 educational managers, 169 lecturers, 1658 students) who have been working and studying at different universties in major cities in Vietnam. It found that multicultural education objectives and issues were not clearly enunciated by all the investigated universities. Despite acknowledging the values of multicultural education, not all administrators, lecturers, and students were fully aware of the objectives, multicultural topics and approaches in conducting multicultural education. There exists great disparity between current practices and innovative requirements in Vietnamese educational policies. This conundrum demands more input from Vietnamese universities, especially in providing administrators and lecturers with global knowledge and skills regarding multicultural education.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2019, 7(3), 189-193. DOI: 10.12691/education-7-3-1
Pub. Date: March 01, 2019
3826 Views1124 Downloads3 Likes