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Volume 7, Issue 2

The Effect of Think Talk Write Learning Model with Batak Toba Culture Context toward Students’ Mathematical Communication Skill of SMP Swasta Parulian 2 Medan
Original Research
The aim of this study are to, know the effect of Think Talk Write learning model with Batak Toba culture context toward student mathematical communication skill significantly, know the effect of beginning mathematical skill (High, Medium, Low) toward student mathematical communication skill, know whether there is interaction between (TTW, Conventional) learning model and beginning mathematical skill (High, Medium, Low) toward student mathematical communication skill significantly. The data analysis is done by two way of analysis variance (ANAVA). The result of study shows, there is effect of Think Talk Writelearning model with Batak Toba culture context toward student mathematical communication skill significantly, there is effect of mathematical beginning skill (High, Medium, Low) toward student mathematical communication skill, there is no interaction between (TTW, Conventional) learning model and mathematical beginning skill (High, Medium, Low) toward student mathematical communication skill significantly. The test instrument of this study is student mathematical communication skill.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2019, 7(2), 183-188. DOI: 10.12691/education-7-2-12
Pub. Date: February 23, 2019
4146 Views1189 Downloads1 Likes
Determinants of Students’ Academic Achievement in a Ghanaian University
Original Research
The study was conducted to investigate the determinants of Students’ Academic Achievement (SAA) in the University for Development Studies (UDS). Using a simple random sampling technique, 170 final-year students were sampled out of a total population of 362 expected graduates in the Faculty of Mathematical Sciences (FMS) at the 19thCongregation of the University. A usable 145 questionnaires (85% response rate) were retrieved and analyzed. Variables that were employed as determinants of SAA were students’ age, their gender and the previous knowledge of their current programs. Students’ Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) was used as an indicator of SAA. The Dummy Variable Multiple Regression Analysis result showed that, SAA significantly varies directly with students’ previous knowledge of their current programs, their gender and their age – in the order of their impact. The study supplements existing knowledge and literature in the area of measurement and evaluation of SAA.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2019, 7(2), 178-182. DOI: 10.12691/education-7-2-11
Pub. Date: February 22, 2019
3558 Views1137 Downloads
Cultural and Educative Aspects within the Rural Context of the Jaliscan Highlands in Mexico
Original Research
In the present study, the cultural aspects in the regional societies of the border of the Jaliscan Highlands (Los Altos de Jalisco) with the Cienega region of the Mexican state of Jalisco. To this end, the digital as well as the social interconnections among neighboring regional societies and the ensemble of these are studied with the purpose of finding the use and impact of the information technologies in these regions, in order to establish bases for the governmental policies and the university strategies for the penetration of the technologies and connection to the Internet for the development of these regions. The investigation was conducted with mixed methodology by means of surveys and interviews, contrasting the data collected. With a total of 107 surveys and nine interviews, the results show that, at present, these rural regions are globalization-immersed societies, in which the influence of the Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) have influenced their evolution. But despite efforts in this regard, sufficient means are lacking to achieve the equal technocultural development to that of urban societies. Thus, it is necessary to re-propose strategies and policies to improve the technodigital conditions of these regions.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2019, 7(2), 174-177. DOI: 10.12691/education-7-2-10
Pub. Date: February 21, 2019
2991 Views921 Downloads
Chemistry Made Easy: Unravelling the Experiences of Biological Science Majors in Using a Virtual Laboratory
Original Research
Science education, in the midst of technological advancement, calls for the integration of ICT facilities that can enforce hands-on sciences both in theory and laboratory to leverage it at par. The integration of Crocodile Chemistry in the learning experiences of the students provide a complementary leap that enables learners to understand concepts better in an interactive manner. This study was designed to explore the experiences of a group of pre-service secondary school teachers in using simulated laboratory sessions in understanding select concepts in chemistry. Employing phenomenology of the qualitative research design as strategy for inquiry, thematic analysis, and document trail, the following are found: crocodile chemistry provides an avenue to easily understand concepts, provision for exciting and interesting supplemental learning experiences, provision for new laboratory experience, and extraction of results. Owing to the aforementioned results, this study concludes that the integration of crocodile chemistry in classroom teaching and learning complements knowledge construction to select concepts in chemistry from the traditional laboratory encounters.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2019, 7(2), 170-173. DOI: 10.12691/education-7-2-9
Pub. Date: February 20, 2019
4297 Views2067 Downloads1 Likes
Analysis of Students Metacognitive Ability in Mathematical Problem Solving in SMP Negeri 4 Bendahara Aceh Tamiang
Original Research
The purpose of this research is to analyze: 1) the students metacognitive ability in mathematical problems solving, 2) difficulties experienced by students’ metacognitive in mathematical problem solving, 3) process of students’ metacognitive answer in mathematical problem solving. This research is as qualitative descriptive research aimed to describe the students’ metacognitive ability in mathematical problem solving with problem-based-learning model. Subject in this research is class VII in SMP Negeri 4 Bendahara Aceh Tamiang. The subjects consisted of four students; one in high-ability student, one medium-ability student, one low-ability student, and one with the most wrong answers. The data is obtained from the essay test and depth interview. While the object of ths research is the students’ metacognitive ability in problems solving by learning mathematics with problem based learning model on the subject of integers and fractions. based on the analysis of research data, the result that: 1) the mathematical problem solving ability of students with high category at the level of metacognitive Strategic Use, the students medium category at the level of metacognitive Aware Use, and low category at the level of metacognitive Tacit Use. 2) metacognitive difficulties experienced by students in solving mathematical problems include difficulty facts, concepts, principles, and procedures.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2019, 7(2), 166-169. DOI: 10.12691/education-7-2-8
Pub. Date: February 19, 2019
3633 Views1114 Downloads1 Likes
Developing Learning Media Assisted-flash Macromedia Software by Applying Discovery Model to Improve Students’ Concept and Self Regulated Learning on Senior High School
Original Research
Problem root of this research is the low students Mathematic learning outcome and Mathematic learning orientation happened recently did not emphasize students to have appropriate conceptual understanding. This causes the decrease of students’ conceptual understanding, so they are not able to complete Mathematic problems given and tend not to study independently. To overcome this problem in this research Macromedia Flash learning media Is developed which is implemented by using discovery learning model which aims at increasing students conceptual understanding and grow students’ independent learning. Process of developing learning media in this study is conducted to find out validity, practicality and effectiveness of that media. Data of the study shows that learning media developed has met the level of validity, practicality and effectiveness. The results of validity are at a valid level; practicality seen from the implementation of learning media is at high level and the effectiveness seen from students’ response shows positive result, time management of students is ideal, and students’ learning outcomes are good. The student learning independence questionnaire after the learning process using media is increasing.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2019, 7(2), 161-165. DOI: 10.12691/education-7-2-7
Pub. Date: February 18, 2019
4306 Views1277 Downloads1 Likes
Enhancing Metacognitive Knowledge of Cognition among Junior Secondary Students with Mathematics Disability in Everyday Arithmetic
Original Research
This study investigated the efficacy of metacognitive instructional strategy in the improvement of the knowledge of cognition among junior secondary students with Mathematics Disability (MD) in everyday arithmetic in Port Harcourt Local Government Area (LGA) of Rivers State, Nigeria. Pre-test, post-test quasi-experimental design was used. A total of 60 Junior Secondary Class 3 (JSC3) students with MD participated in the study. A diagnostic instrument, teacher judgment, and the internal examination results were used as criteria for the identification and selection of JSC3 students with MD for participation. Three instruments were used for data collection, viz: Everyday Arithmetic Problem-Solving Achievement Test (EAPSAT), Mathematics Disability Diagnostic Test (M2DT), and Metacognitive Strategy Assessment (MSA). The instruments were respectively used to measure everyday arithmetic achievement, diagnosis and metacognitive knowledge of cognition. The Cronbach alpha was used to determine the reliability of each section of MSA (declarative knowledge, =0.81, conditional knowledge, =0.84, procedural knowledge =0.78). The test-retest method was used to determine the reliability of EAPSAT and M2DT to obtain indices of 0.83 and 0.80 respectively. The research questions were answered using mean and standard deviation whereas the hypotheses were tested using Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA). The findings among others established that the metacognitive knowledge of students improved over time; there were significant main effects of metacognitive strategy on student procedural, declarative and conditional knowledge respectively. A recommendation of the study is that teachers should adopt the metacognitive strategy while teaching everyday arithmetic.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2019, 7(2), 153-160. DOI: 10.12691/education-7-2-6
Pub. Date: February 15, 2019
5305 Views1895 Downloads1 Likes
Impact of Vision 20:2020 Policy in Nigeria: A Study of Selected Local Government Areas in Ebonyi State
Original Research
Nations all over the universe usually adopt agenda to address their peculiar problems. Nigeria as a nation has had series of reforms to restructure the state so as to bring about desired changes in all spheres of the state economy. Nigeria being the christened “giant of Africa continent” with commanding population and buoyant economy has played prominent roles in African and international affairs in terms of trade agreement, technical assistance, manpower training, peace process and conflict resolution. After independence, successive administration in Nigeria had initiated one programme or the other to put Nigeria socio-political and economic base on a sound footing. Vision 20:2020 policy is one of such national plans aimed at launching Nigeria into one of the leading economies among comity of nations by the year 2020 and to raise the declining status of the country and restore her pride of place in Africa and the global community.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2019, 7(2), 145-152. DOI: 10.12691/education-7-2-5
Pub. Date: February 12, 2019
3880 Views890 Downloads1 Likes
Development of NHT Type Cooperative Learning Model through Tutor to Improve the Mathematics Combinatoric Ability
Original Research
This study aims to develop students 'mathematical combinatoric ability by using Nht type cooperative models, including (1) students' thinking processes on combinatoric abilities (2) Combinatoric abilities of students after Nht type cooperative learning and (3) levels of active student activity during the learning process. this is the class X-Multimedia2 SMK PAB 1 Helvetia as many as 30 students and the object of this research is the combinatoric ability of students. This study is a qualitative descriptive study. The instrument which used u consists of a combinatoric ability test, and an observation questionnaire of student learning activities. Data analysis uses the NHT (Numbered Head Together) model. Based on the data obtained data, the thinking process of students on combinatoric abilities after learning with cooperative models of NHT type is categorized into three categories, namely high, medium and low. (1) Students with high combinatoric abilities have conceptual thinking processes and are neat in completing combinatoric ability tests. Students with medium combinatoric abilities are having conceptual thinking processes but are less neat in completing combinatoric ability tests. Students with low combinatoric abilities in understanding problems using processes imperfect thinking, not concentrate and unable to use alternatives to answer and are not conceptual and neat. (2) Combinatoric abilities that are possessed by students of SMK PAB 1 Helvetia after Nht type cooperative learning are good. (3) The overall results of student’s presentations which is used during the teaching learning activities are in the se ideal time tolerance interval.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2019, 7(2), 141-144. DOI: 10.12691/education-7-2-4
Pub. Date: February 11, 2019
4071 Views959 Downloads1 Likes
Problems of School Supervision at the Basic School Level in the Hohoe Municipality of Ghana
Original Research
This article examines the problems associated with school supervision at the basic school level in the Hohoe Municipality of the Volta Region in Ghana. The study employed a descriptive survey method. The sample size of the study was 200. The instrument used for data collection was questionnaire. Data were analyzed using frequencies and percentages. The study revealed that two types of supervision strategies (internal and external) were found to be in use in schools in the Hohoe Municipality but not concurrently. It was also revealed that Head teachers vetted lesson plans but never supervised lesson delivery. The study recommended that all supervisory strategies (internal and external) should be adopted inasmuch as both are necessary strategies for effective supervision. Secondly, it is recommended that headteachers should follow-up into the classrooms to supervise the lesson delivery, which forms a major part of the teaching and learning process.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2019, 7(2), 133-140. DOI: 10.12691/education-7-2-3
Pub. Date: February 08, 2019
4319 Views1653 Downloads
Evaluation of Learning Programs at Elementary School Level of “Sekolah Alam Indonesia (SAI)”. (Evaluative Research Using Countenance Stake’s Model)
Original Research
The purpose of this study was to evaluate learning programs at the primary school level of SAI using countenance Stake’s evaluation model. Data is obtained through the results of observations, interviews, and documentation with several stakeholders. The results revealed that: in congrruency, evaluation at the stage of antecedents obtained a percentage of 76% which means that education planning at SAI in the category is in accordance with the applicable education planning standards, at the stage of transactions it gets a percentage of 93%, which means that the process of implementing learning at SAI has been very in accordance with the standards of the learning process in the Minister of Education and Culture Regulation No. 22 of 2016, and at the stages of outcomes, it still must be a concern of the school especially in preparation for facing USBN. In contingency, the learning program in the "School of Nature Indonesia" in the category is in accordance with the learning standards in the national curriculum starting from planning, implementation, and school evaluation.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2019, 7(2), 125-132. DOI: 10.12691/education-7-2-2
Pub. Date: February 06, 2019
3803 Views1145 Downloads2 Likes
Serious Video Game as Mediator of Geometric Representations - Algebraicas of Quadraphical Surfaces
Original Research
We present the results of a research whose objective was to promote visualization skills in engineering students of the Technological Institute of Cd. Guzmán, in the appropriation of the concept of quadratic surfaces. For which, it is proposed the implementation of a serious videogame called "Quadratic Identity" where the student related two records of semiotic representation of said concept, designed in an immersive virtual reality environment and based on the user-centered methodology for its design, considering both the concepts of gamification, those proposed by serious video games. The user must have access, before playing, the theoretical part of the mathematical concepts treated and then play to evaluate this theory. A qualitative study was developed to show if through the videogame, learning is promoted in the student regarding the transit between the semiotic registries considered, finding positive results and growth opportunities of the proposal.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2019, 7(2), 118-124. DOI: 10.12691/education-7-2-1
Pub. Date: February 02, 2019
4839 Views1882 Downloads3 Likes