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Volume 7, Issue 1

Labor Satisfaction from Educational Organizations
Original Research
Job satisfaction has always been a turning point for educational organizations. Reasons why the study that is presented today was developed. It is difficult to understand the factors that lead to this kind of situation, however we are looking for ways to make these organizations improve their functioning based on the results obtained. The study sought to understand the phenomenon that occurs from job satisfaction and how it affects job performance and can cause other situations such as work stress that in the short or medium term can be determinant in the operation of the organization. For all this it is important to see how educational organizations through the educational system and directors can find a way to deal with this situation and reach that balance that any organization whatever its turn needs to be healthy and achieve the goals you are looking for and pursue.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2019, 7(1), 109-117. DOI: 10.12691/education-7-1-17
Pub. Date: January 25, 2019
3398 Views1059 Downloads4 Likes
Development and Validation of an Instrument to Measure Attitudes towards the Use of Computer in Learning Mathematics
Original Research
The aim of the study was to develop and validate an instrument suitable to measure attitudes towards the use of computer in learning mathematics (ATCLM). A total of 214 (132 = males: 82 = females) teacher trainees participated in the study. Factor Analysis (FA) was performed on 47 items relating to the use of computer in learning mathematics using Principal Component Analysis with Varimax (orthogonal) rotation. With Eigen values greater than 1, FA retained 13 factors with the first accounting for 15.56% of the variability and a total of 62.39% of the variance for the entire set of variables. To examine the strength of relationship among the items, the Kaiser Meyer Olkin (KMO) and Bartlett’s test were used. The KMO measure of sampling adequacy was 0.78 whiles the Bartlett’s test of sphericity was significant with x2 = 3510.253 (p< 0.0001). A factor loading cut-off point of 0.40 was used as the inclusion criterion for factor interpretation. Based on these, seven factors namely: Confidence in Mathematics (CM), Confidence with Computer (CC), Mathematics Anxiety (MA), Computer Anxiety (CA), Value of using Computer for Learning Mathematics (VCLM), Interest in using Computer for Learning Mathematics (ICLM), and Anxiety in using Computer for Learning Mathematics (ACLM). Cronbach’s alpha values for the 7 scales ranged from .735 to .880.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2019, 7(1), 104-108. DOI: 10.12691/education-7-1-16
Pub. Date: January 24, 2019
5163 Views2209 Downloads2 Likes
Implementation of Word Monopoly as a Learning Media to Improve Creative and Moral Attitudes in the Students of Class IV Students in Grade IV of SDN Srengseng Sawah 15 Pagi
Original Research
This study aims to apply the word monopoly as a learning medium to improve creative thinking and moral attitudes in the content of the PPKN class IV Srengseng Sawah 15 Pagi. This study uses the method of action research model Kemmis and Taggart, which includes four stages, namely (1) planning, (2) action, (3) observation, (4) reflection. The results showed that the use of the word monopoly media was able to improve the ability to think creatively in the fourth grade students of SDN Srengseng Sawah 15 Pagi, especially on the theme of the beauty of togetherness; By carrying out the word monopoly game which includes images and question questions related to the material beauty of togetherness, students are grouped 5-6 students in each group to answer each question in the monopoly of the words printed on each of the general and special funding questions and students present the accelerator by giving ideas, ideas or solutions, honesty, confidence, and courage to solve questions that are in the game; The advantage of word monopoly media is being able to improve the ability to think creatively, able to increase student activeness, speaking skills when expressing their opinions, communicating diverse answers, being able to issue ideas or solutions in solving problems.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2019, 7(1), 97-103. DOI: 10.12691/education-7-1-15
Pub. Date: January 23, 2019
3847 Views1185 Downloads1 Likes
Increasing the Ability to Read the Alqur'an through Contextual Approach
Original Research
This study aims to improve the ability to read Al-quran in children in Grade IV SLIPI 15 SDN Morning. This study uses the method of action research model Kemmis and Taggart, which includes four stages, namely (1) planning, (2) action, (3) observation, (4) reflection. By giving an action to the subject under study through the contextual approach as an independent variable and to know the improvement in children's Al-quran reading ability as a dependent variable. The results of the study indicate that there is a process of increasing outcomes in children's Al-quran reading skills through the contextual approach. This can be seen starting from the pre-intervention results up to the second cycle where the social skills possessed by class B students as a whole increased with an average of 49.3%. The results of the pre-intervention mean were 34.7% and increased up to 84% in the cycle I.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2019, 7(1), 93-96. DOI: 10.12691/education-7-1-14
Pub. Date: January 23, 2019
4308 Views1482 Downloads
An Analysis of the Impact of Culture on Pedagogy in the Tribal Area of Dera Ghazi Khan (Pakistan)
Original Research
This paper examined the impact of culture on pedagogy in the tribal area of Dera Ghazi Khan (Pakistan). All the teachers working in the female schools of tribal area Dera Ghazi Khan (Pakistan) at primary level, all the female students studying in these schools and all the parents of these students constituted the population of the study. Stratified random sampling technique was used in this study. This study adopted the observational schedule and interview technique instruments. Data were collected from the lessons of 10 teachers, 90 students and 10 parents through stratified random sampling technique. These instruments were validated by five experts in the field of education. For the reliability, a pretesting of these instruments was made three times. The results indicated that culture had a great impact on pedagogy and especially language difference affects greatly the learning process. This study also recommended: local teachers should be appointed in this area, teachers who do not belong to this area should be taught spoken language course of this area, teachers should be regular in schools and some financial aid should be given to the female students of this area.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2019, 7(1), 84-92. DOI: 10.12691/education-7-1-13
Pub. Date: January 22, 2019
5144 Views1865 Downloads
Japanese Culture in Some Literary Works Taught in the School in Vietnam at Present
Original Research
Literature is an important element of culture to reflect honestly on life, which conserves and preserves values in the most natural and durable way. Japanese literature is one of the great literatures of Asia with the fusion of Eastern-Western arts, the bold traditional national identity combined with modernity. Each literary work has the bold national culture mark, providing readers with rich and diverse information on the Japanese natural image, traditional culture and spiritual life. Studying and teaching Japanese literature with the typical works of Matsuo Basho, Yasuanari Kawabata in schools in Vietnam in order to raise the knowledge for the country, people, creative talents, life and traditional culture of Japan, expanding the vision and the ability of sensation for the cultural essence of humanity.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2019, 7(1), 76-83. DOI: 10.12691/education-7-1-12
Pub. Date: January 21, 2019
3430 Views1299 Downloads2 Likes
Outcome and Future Perspectives of Pioneering Integrative Medicine Education in Taibah University: Ten Years' Experience in Saudi Arabia Medical Schools (A Medical Education Article)
Original Research
Background: Patients prefer treatments that are safe, curative and cheap. Integrative medicine (IM) gathers the best of modern medicine and other types of human medicine e.g. prophetic medicine and others. College of Medicine at Taibah University (CMTU, Saudi Arabia) is the first pioneering medical school in Saudi Arabia and the Middle East in introducing IM education. Patients' needs to IM increase in case of treatment failure e.g. cancer patients who can't afford chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Unfortunately, lack of teaching IM at medical schools deprives both physicians and patients from many therapeutic benefits e.g. Al-hijamah (wet cupping therapy of prophetic medicine), nigella sativa and others depriving. Objectives: to investigate medical students' satisfaction with IM medical education for better health benefits. Design: A prospective cross-sectional study. Settings: College of Medicine at Taibah University (CMTU, Saudi Arabia). Subjects and Methods: CMTU introduced IM education in its medical curriculum to enhance patients and physicians medical knowledge. Taking ethical committee approval and agreements of participating students, this study was done in CMTU over the past ten years (2007-2016). 650 students (out of 1000 students) shared in the study questionnaire. Sample size: 650 medical students. Main Outcome Measures: Vast majority of the investigated students (611/650, 94%) were satisfied with IM course. RESULTS: 320 students (49%) considered the IM course to be excellent to very good for both physicians and patients' medical knowledge. 93.8% (610/650) gave a positive evaluation. 55% (360/650) evaluated the course knowledge as good to very good for benefiting patients in the future. 47% (305/650) liked to take IM as a future minor while 38% (247/650) of the investigated students already decided their future IM subspecialties. 91% (591/650) accepted Arabic language (student' mother tongue) to be the main language of studying IM. Conclusion: Teaching IM at CMTU is promising, welcomed by medical students, expected to gain better patients preference and should be generalized in other Saudi and international medical schools.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2019, 7(1), 69-75. DOI: 10.12691/education-7-1-11
Pub. Date: January 18, 2019
6383 Views2542 Downloads
A Full Circle Appraisal on Emotional Intelligence
Original Research
This study is about the construction of the Emotional Intelligence 3600 Tool. The method is a normative method with survey technique. Daniel Goleman’s dimensions were used to construct the items. The sample is selected from students of higher secondary schools. Four subscales such as self-view, teacher view, peer view, and parent view make up Ei3600 Tool. Reliability, validity was measured, norms of the tool were established, and the scoring procedure was given.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2019, 7(1), 49-57. DOI: 10.12691/education-7-1-8
Pub. Date: January 11, 2019
4651 Views1024 Downloads
Translation of Personification Majas in the Poetry of Indonesian Language into English (Analysis of Contents of 5 Poems in June Rain by Sapardi Djoko Damono in Before Dawn by John H. McGlynn)
Original Research
The objective of this research is to show to the reader about the tanslation techniques of personification in poem. It is a content analysis in a qualitative methodology. The data of this research are personification sentences in Indonesian poems and its translation in English. This research used a comparative analysis to analize the data of both languages. The researcher compared the poems translation and its source language. The data analyzing leads to find the translation techniques and methods used by the translator. The findings of this research shows that the techniques used by the translator are amplification, transposition, and reduction. Meanwhile the method used by the translator is literal.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2019, 7(1), 60-64. DOI: 10.12691/education-7-1-10
Pub. Date: January 15, 2019
3936 Views1086 Downloads
Competency-Based Learning for Motivation and Academic Performance in a Pre-calculus Course
Original Research
This research evaluated the effect of the Competency-Based Learning strategy supported by the Web on academic performance and motivation variables, in a Pre-calculus distance course. Moodle was used as the management platform for the course. The participants in the study were students of recent entry to the university in the careers of Engineering in Teleinformatics and Engineering in Works and Services at the University Center of the South Coast of The University of Guadalajara. The Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (MSLQ) was applied at the beginning and at the end of the instruction to evaluate the significance of the Competency-Based Learning (CBL). Two groups were formed, the experimental group composed of students who participated under the Competency-Based Learning strategy, and the control group, who completed the pre-calculus course in a face-to-face fashion. The data provided in the present study was analyzed using the Statistical Analysis System (SAS), version 9.4. t-tests were performed for independent and paired samples. Parametric Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) was used to evaluate the significance of the academic performance variables and motivation of the students submitted to the CBL strategy. The Motivation variable was evaluated through a pre-test and a post-test. The results showed that the students who participated under the instructional strategy of CBL in the Pre-calculus course obtained higher academic performance than those obtained by their peers in the traditional group. The students who took the course under the CBL showed the same levels of intrinsic motivation throughout the course. The target levels of extrinsic orientation of the students who participated in the experimental group suffered changes in their levels. The results of the analysis supported the hypothesis and showed that the experimental group reached levels of intrinsic motivation superior to those achieved by the participants in the control group.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2019, 7(1), 54-59. DOI: 10.12691/education-7-1-9
Pub. Date: January 11, 2019
4938 Views2214 Downloads1 Likes
Barriers to Research among Faculty at a Health Sciences University
Original Research
Research in the health sciences is needed in order to continue to improve patient care. A survey was distributed to investigate barriers to research among Dentistry, Nursing and Allied Health Professionals academic faculty at a public health sciences university in the United States. Among the 86 faculty respondents, the majority (58%) of faculty identified “lack of time for me to do research” to be the single largest barrier to their own research activity and this item had a higher mean score than all other barriers to research examined. Lack of time was significantly more problematic among female faculty (p=0.006). Research resources were a greater barrier than relevance of research (p<0.001). Respondents noted that clinical duties are frequently a higher priority than research among health sciences faculty, presumably due to shortages in funding and resources. Given the importance of research to the future quality of patient care, efforts should be made to protect health science faculty members’ time and to provide the resources necessary to conduct meaningful research.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2019, 7(1), 44-48. DOI: 10.12691/education-7-1-7
Pub. Date: January 10, 2019
3469 Views1062 Downloads
Systems Science Guidelines for Optimal Sustainability: A Framework for Life
Original Research
Introduction: Life has an unprecedented historic record of favorably sustaining itself; humans are best to be in synch with its cycles. This study searched for key determinants of biologic systems sustainability. Material/Method: Public domain records from the 1960s were selected for the study. Systems Science and the Dynamic Systems Model methodologies were used as they offer a complementary perspective on examining sustainability. Results/Conclusions: Sustainability is related to the way systems deal with transformation, individually and collectively; when present, sustainability is the output, the emergence, of an optimized system. In order for a biologic system to create healthy emergence, it first needs to select optimizing attractors for its sensory processing from the existing field of awareness; second, the sensory perception that follows, must engage the collaboration of 3-D hippocampal memory and an optimized executive prefrontal cortex; an alternate, though unhealthy, pathway does exist, when sensory input is processed through the reward centers of the neuro-net and ends in the prefrontal cortex that is in a state of a dysexecutive syndrome.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2019, 7(1), 33-43. DOI: 10.12691/education-7-1-6
Pub. Date: January 10, 2019
4789 Views982 Downloads
Development of Teaching Materials Based on a Metacognition Approach to Improve the Understanding Ability of Mathematical Concepts of Students of Budi Mulia Medan
Original Research
This study aims to: 1) Develop teaching materials based on a valid metacognition approach to improve students' understanding of mathematical concepts; 2) Developing teaching materials based on a practical metacognition approach to improve the ability to understand students' mathematical concepts; 3) Develop teaching materials based on an effective metacognition approach; 4) To analyze the increased ability to understand students' mathematical concepts by using teaching materials based on metacognition approaches. This research is a development research using a 4-D development model, the teaching materials developed from this study are: Learning Implementation Plans, Teacher Books, Student Books, Student Worksheets, And Tests Ability To Understand Mathematical Concepts. From the results of trial I and trial II, it was obtained: 1) Teaching materials based on the metacognition approach developed have met valid criteria from several criteria; 2) Teaching materials based on the metacognition approach developed have met Practical criteria from several criteria; 3) Teaching materials based on the metacognition approach developed have met the effective criteria of several criteria; 4) there is an increase in the ability to understand students' mathematical concepts by using instructional materials based on the metacognition approach developed, in the trial I obtained an average score of pretest 54.66% and posttest score 73.86%, and in the second trial with an average pretest score of 57.87% and posttest score of 78.4%.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2019, 7(1), 24-32. DOI: 10.12691/education-7-1-5
Pub. Date: January 08, 2019
6789 Views2277 Downloads2 Likes
Assessment of Basic Factors of Current Classes for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders in Vietnam
Original Research
The models of classes for children with autism spectrum disorders have been developed in Vietnam for almost 20 years with a recent rapid growth in quantity. However, there has yet been a lack of specific orientations and regulations on the basic factors of classes suitable for children with autism spectrum disorders; therefore, those classes have been directed rather freely with numerous issues to discuss. In this research, we have surveyed 71 individuals including teachers and personnel making direct interventions for children with autism spectrum disorders. The survey tools included 52 items in respect of the four main factors: classroom material environment, organization of daily intervention activities, instructions for children's task accomplishment, and in-class communications. The basic factors of classes for children with ASD in Vietnam have been initially established. Apart from the factor of communications with fair progress made, other factors including material environment, organization of daily activities and instructions for task accomplishments are still undergoing multiple restraints. Based on the survey results, this research suggests fundamental strategies to enhance the factors of current classes for children with autism spectrum disorders in Vietnam.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2019, 7(1), 19-23. DOI: 10.12691/education-7-1-4
Pub. Date: January 09, 2019
4359 Views1516 Downloads3 Likes
Employing the Subsequent Four Years of the Libyan Education Reform Strategy: Administrations and Contributors
Original Research
This paper is the third continuation of the previously published paper ¡°National Libyan Public Education Reform: Entire Transformative Strategies, 2020¨C2026¡± (November 2017), which proposes a complete framework for reforming Libyan public education and reflects on the difficulties that educators and learners have faced due to existing confusing conditions. It divides the entire reform plan into six years of gradual reform actions to overcome their complications; these complications stem from the discouraged forms of education, changeable curricula, bureaucratic schools and university administrations, the conservative community, and uncertain education strategies. Another factor is the way that learners acquire information (that is, their learning styles). In addition, upheavals all over Libya have affected the overall stability of education in Libya and led to there being two ministries of education (East and West Libya). Thus, six years of gradual reform stages were proposed so that a new generation of students would start with pre-kindergarten in the academic year 2026 or the equivalent. This paper also is subsequent to the prior published paper (16 May 2018) on the same reverence project, ¡°Contextualizing the First Two Years of the Libyan Education Reform Proposed Strategies (2020¨C2026): Targeted Candidates and Reflective Activities,¡± which explains in depth the suggested Phase I of the first two years (2020¨C2022) of the proposal for reforming Libyan education (2020¨C2026 or equivalent years). The purpose of this paper is to explain in depth the suggested subsequent four years (2022¨C2026 or equivalent years) of the proposed strategy of a six-year reform and come out with clearly constructed strategy without conflicting laws or regulations in the country.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2019, 7(1), 12-18. DOI: 10.12691/education-7-1-3
Pub. Date: January 06, 2019
4345 Views2087 Downloads2 Likes
Supplementary Virtual – Class System as a Possible Frontier for Bridging the Grades Gap between Top Tier and Low Tier High Schools in Ghana
Original Research
This paper tries to create the awareness of VLE as a new supplementary teaching technology frontier which could be utilize to bridge the grading gap between rural and urban students. The benefits associate with VLE technology is enormous, not only can it enhance academic performance of rural schools and students in Ghana but also could enrich students and teachers learning this experience if it is properly and effectively adopted and monitored. This could automatically result in students achieving good grades. Various Observations have been carried out to estimate it viability and it shows students and schools that adopt this technology benefited immensely from this approach, although it come with some challenges. VLE demand users and operators to have ICT knowledge and skills which may not be readily available. With proper planning, infrastructure, skills, resources and effective monitoring system, VLC could be a major technology to bridge the gap between TTS and LTS in Ghana Education System.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2019, 7(1), 6-11. DOI: 10.12691/education-7-1-2
Pub. Date: January 04, 2019
3876 Views1284 Downloads4 Likes
Development of Realistic Mathematics Education-Based Learning Devices to Improve Mathematical Problem Solving Skills of SMP Negeri 1 Medan Students
Original Research
The objectives of this study are to describe: 1) validity of learning tools developed based on the Realistic Mathematics Education approach; 2) practicality of learning tools developed based on the Realistic Mathematics Education approach; 3) the effectiveness of learning tools developed based on the Realistic Mathematics Education approach; 4) improvement of students' mathematical problem solving skills using learning tools based on the Realistic Mathematics Education approach that has been developed. This research is a development research. The development model used to develop learning tools in this study is the Dick and Carey development model. Before the field trial was conducted, the learning tools were validated by three experts and two practitioners. From the results of the validation, it was found that: (1) the learning tools developed were valid with the total average validity of student books (4.33), teacher books (4.28), learning implementation plans (4.42), and student worksheets (4.44). Subjects in this study were seventh grade students of senior high school (SMP) 1 Medan which consisted of two classes, namely VII-Herodotus as a trial class I and VII-Pythagoras as a trial class II. (2) learning tools that had been developed are effective, seen from classical learning completeness are fulfilled, in which ¡Ý 85% of students were passed, student activities within the specified tolerance limits, and students' responses to learning are in good categories; (3) the average increase in students' mathematical problem solving ability from trial I to trial II was 0.18 points, namely from 3.02 in the first trial to 3.20 in the second trial, with an increase in classical mastery learning 14%.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2019, 7(1), 1-5. DOI: 10.12691/education-7-1-1
Pub. Date: January 01, 2019
5773 Views2383 Downloads3 Likes