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Volume 6, Issue 8

An Analysis of Spatial Ability and Self-efficacy of Students in Cooperative Learning by Using Jigsaw at Smas Muhammadiyah 8 Kisaran
Review Article
The study aims at analyzing students spatial ability and self-efficacy by using Cooperative learning Jigsaw type, including (1) students’ thinking process on spatial ability (2) students self efficacy after learning process using jigsaw type of cooperative learning (3) students’ active participation level in learning process. Subjects of the study are 38 students of X-IPA2 of SMAS Muhammadiyah 8 and its objects are students’ spatial ability, self-efficacy and active participation. The current study is a qualitative-descriptive study. The instrumentations used are spatial ability test, self efficacy questionnaires, students’ activities observation sheet and interview guideline. The data is analyzed by using Miles-Huberman Model. Based on the data collected, students’ thinking processes on spatial ability after learning by using Jigsaw type of Cooperative learning are classified into high, medium, and low. (1) Students with high spatial ability have orderly, neat and abstractly thinking skill in completing spatial ability test. Students with medium/intermediate spatial ability level have orderly thinking process and semi abstract ability in solving spatial ability test. Students with low spatial ability level in understanding the problems have uncompleted thinking process, do not have ability to concentrate, semi abstract thinking, cannot find alternative in solving the problems and have un orderly and poor thinking process. (2) Self-efficacy of students of SMAS Kisaran 8 after learning by using Jigsaw type of cooperative learning is good. (3) Whole percentage of students’ active participation in teaching learning process is at tolerance interval of the ideal time set.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2018, 6(8), 1238-1244. DOI: 10.12691/education-6-8-25
Pub. Date: August 28, 2018
6041 Views2069 Downloads
Students View Towards Religion-based Terrorism: A Study on Hajee Mohammad Danesh Science and Technology University (HSTU), Dinajpur, Bangladesh
Original Research
Terrorism has now become a global issue. In the last couple of years, Bangladesh has already been faced different terrorist attacks for which the peace and harmony of the society become disrupted. Investigation after the occurrence of terrorist activities revealed that mostly students are being engaged with such kind of activities in Bangladesh. Among them mostly university students are being engaged with it. In a situation, knowing students view regarding terrorism has become a sociological issue for the country. This study is conducted among the students of HSTU. Data has been collected through surveying 90 students from different departments along with interviewing 20 students who are being selected purposively. Students have been asked several questions regarding the issues of terrorism. Students strongly opposed the modern version of religious terrorism in the name of religious goal attainment. They treated it as a threat to their student life as well as to the society and state. They suggested that building strong connection between parents and children, creating social and societal awareness, spreading religion-based education system, constructing strong constitutional provision against terrorist activities and developing the sense of multiculturalism etc. would contribute in combating such kind of terrorist activities.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2018, 6(8), 1233-1237. DOI: 10.12691/education-6-8-24
Pub. Date: August 24, 2018
5768 Views1707 Downloads
Are Some Very Capable Students Being Denied Their Dream by the Change from a Traditional to an Integrated Curriculum?
Opinion Paper
The ‘new’ curriculum for medical students inserts basic sciences into case based scenarios in the early years of study, giving them a rapid introduction to the realities of many things they will face upon encountering patients and entering clinics and hospitals. The curriculum also has a large percentage of small group problem based learning (PBL) and team based learning (TBL) hours, with the idea that students are encouraged to undertake self-study and self-directed learning prior to using gained knowledge in discussions, presented cases and clinical problems. This method fosters self-discipline and leads to better teamwork and discussions among groups, with students intensely investigating studies, data and reports to formulate their input. To this extent, the new curriculum is less regimented, and not a data-in, data-out type of teaching in which a lecture, and maybe a lab, gives the students the topics of need-to-know and lessens the requirement for self-study and self-critiquing, which doesn’t promote investigation, diversity of study methods and the ability to learn from self-taught ideals that are then incorporated into their studies. The idea is for students to be more capable of initiating their own interests and be more self-reliant and able, rather than simply taking a fact from a lecture and rewriting it as an answer on an exam. This UCSF link gives a good synopsis; https://www.ucsf.edu/news/2016/08/403791/ucsf-launches-medical-school-curriculum-21st-century. Overall the revamped curriculum has been a success at many medical schools, usually after a development period of three years or so. Students tend to like it, embrace the changes and appreciate the less rigorous demands together with a pass/fail grading system. However, there are problems, as some students obviously struggle with self-study, and longitudinal grading and assessment. It is obvious that some are much more comfortable with the lecture-lab-exam format and we must entertain the fact that maybe good students and future good doctors are being lost due to their study method preferences.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2018, 6(8), 1229-1232. DOI: 10.12691/education-6-8-23
Pub. Date: August 24, 2018
4664 Views2272 Downloads1 Likes
Developing Attitudes on Global Awareness Instrument of Senior High School’s Students
Original Research
This study developed the attitudes on global awareness instrument of senior high school’s students. It used Research and Development (R&D) design which consisted of preliminary phase, product development, and product implementation (field test). The data were collected from 20 panels, the first phase of field test which consist of 250 students, and the second phase of field test which consist of 265 students. The data were analyzed by using factor analysis with Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) method. The result of this study indicated that the standardized attitudes on global awareness instrument consist of 55 items with cognition, conation, and affection dimension with Composite Reliability (CR) was 0,933 and Variance Extracted (VE) was 0,824.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2018, 6(8), 1213-1228. DOI: 10.12691/education-6-8-22
Pub. Date: August 24, 2018
8456 Views2230 Downloads
Noyce Scholars and Their Educational and Career Aspirations at TAMIU
Original Research
This presentation attempts to examine the distinction between the educational and career aspirations among Noyce scholars at Texas A&M International University (TAMIU), Laredo, Texas. In addition, data collected throughout the last three years of the program will be reviewed together with the progress the scholars have made so far. Positive expectations on these matters together with scholarship experience will definitely lead to positive outcomes and the attitudes for them to succeed in becoming successful high school mathematics teachers. The investigation of these positive outcomes and attitudes from the scholars’ participation, through extensive research, is essential for the continued success and growth of the Noyce Program in progress.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2018, 6(8), 1206-1212. DOI: 10.12691/education-6-8-21
Pub. Date: August 23, 2018
4536 Views1275 Downloads
Validation of Multiple Representation Instrument to Measure Student’s Multiple Representation Skill
Original Research
This research aims to validate multiple representations instruments for measuring student’s multiple representations skill of electrolytes and nonelectrolytes. This research uses quantitative descriptive method with nonexperimental approach. This research applies stratified sampling method with total 94 students who respond to 40 items multiple choices that cover macroscopic, microscopic, symbolic, and mathematical aspects. Rasch model in this research analyzes the instruments such as determining the unidimensionality, reliability, item map, item measure, item fit, and test information function. Data analysis shows that the finding of good category of validity and reliability of the instrument can be used as a diagnostic tool in the assessment of student’s multiple representation abilities.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2018, 6(8), 1198-1205. DOI: 10.12691/education-6-8-20
Pub. Date: August 23, 2018
5954 Views1818 Downloads
The Inclusion of Thinking Skills: A Panacea for Improving Instructional Practices in Nigerian Secondary School Education
Original Research
Having critically studied the current New Secondary School Curriculum (NSSC), it is glaring that there was neither the inclusion nor any consideration given to Thinking Skills. Rather, much emphasis was made on IT and Entrepreneurial skills. Thus, the question is: how can we teach these subjects without emphasising thinking skills, and teaching students to be great critical thinkers using thinking skills?” It is on this ground that this paper is conceptualised to call for a review of the NSSC to include Thinking Skills, so as to create an equilibrium in the teaching and learning process. This will make the students problem solvers and it will reposition them to be invaluable assets to the Nigerian society and beyond. This paper examines such issues as the thinking skills initiative, adoption of thinking points and maps in the classroom, a theoretical review of teaching thinking skills in schools, inclusion of thinking skills in the UK and the new secondary school curriculum in Nigeria. Lastly, recommendations are made on the benefits of thinking skills inclusion in the teaching curriculum.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2018, 6(8), 1194-1197. DOI: 10.12691/education-6-8-19
Pub. Date: August 21, 2018
5752 Views2641 Downloads1 Likes
Correlates of Academic Performance in Pupils under a Feeding Program
Original Research
School feeding (SF) has long been a welfare scheme adopted in the Philippines but there are very limited empirical studies that assessed its effectiveness. The nutrition-cognition nexus needs to be examined especially that regular SF program has been institutionalized recently by the government. From a set of socioeconomic factors and anthropometric measures, the present study determined which of them are significantly associated with the composite final grade of pupils. All recipients (N=80 malnourished primary schoolchildren were served lunch) of the “Busog-Lusog-Talino” (“Full-Healthy-Bright”) School Feeding Program in San Carlos Elementary School in southern Bicol (Philippines) for two school years were participants to the study. Pearson correlation analysis revealed that parents’ education and pupils’ concurrent body mass index (BMI) are positive explanatory factors correlated with the final grade. Differing from many studies where mother’s education had commonly been a dominant and only parent gender significant factor to pupils’ academic achievement, the study revealed that under circumstances of poor family economic status the education of fathers had higher association than mothers’. Concurrent BMI (i.e., measured while the school feeding was implemented) is significantly linked to pupils’ grades providing evidence for the need in sustaining good nutrition from school to the home. Schoolchildren under varying low levels of nutritional status and with low parents’ education are predisposed to low academic performance. Implications of the findings to improving school feeding monitoring were elucidated.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2018, 6(8), 1188-1193. DOI: 10.12691/education-6-8-18
Pub. Date: August 21, 2018
5309 Views1638 Downloads
Social Work Management for the Elderly
Original Research
This article discusses the current status of social work management for the elderly from the situation of Thai Nguyen. The survey results show that in addition to the general policies of the state, Thai Nguyen province has issued many policies to support the organization and support of the elderly, such as purchasing their health insurance card, supporting for the elderly work officials. However, implementing policies and policies for elderly people in Thai Nguyen still have some shortcomings, which should be resolved in the coming time, for example: elderly people cannot buy cheap tickets when participating in traffic; a few elderly people have to wait so long for their social assistance and their longevity celebrations, which often come late; some elderly and poor people who are in difficult circumstances are sometimes forgotten to give social assistance. There are a number of factors that affect the management of social work for the elderly, such as policy and ability of managers, awareness of the authority, community and family, facility and budget for elderly work.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2018, 6(8), 1182-1187. DOI: 10.12691/education-6-8-17
Pub. Date: August 20, 2018
4137 Views1132 Downloads7 Likes
Combining Inquiry-Based Hands-On and Simulation Methods with Cooperative Learning on Students’ Learning Outcomes in Electric Circuits
Original Research
Concepts in electric circuits are reported in literature as being problematic for students at all levels of pre-tertiary education [1] and the situation in Ghana is not different [2]. Hence, innovative ways of teaching are being explored by researchers to remediate the problem. This study, therefore, was premised on the fact that combining inquiry-based real hands-on and computer simulation methods with cooperative learning has the potential of improving students’ learning outcomes. In all, 110 senior high school Form 2 students from two schools who participated were put into heterogeneous-ability and friendship cooperative learning groupings. Each group was taught electric circuits with the combination of inquiry-based real hands-on and computer simulation method. The aim was to compare the two groups in terms of their scientific reasoning and conceptual understanding. Within each group, the hypothetical-deductive and empirical-inductive students were also compared along the two learning outcomes. The results showed among others that the heterogeneous-ability group outperformed their counterparts in conceptual understanding of electric circuits but not scientific reasoning. Hypothetical-deductive and empirical-inductive students in the heterogeneous-ability group outperformed their counterparts in scientific reasoning and conceptual understanding. Implications of the findings for teaching and learning are discussed.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2018, 6(8), 1172-1181. DOI: 10.12691/education-6-8-16
Pub. Date: August 17, 2018
5434 Views2036 Downloads
ICTs and Time Use Behavior of the Students: A Study of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Science and Technology University, Gopalganj, Bangladesh
Original Research
Within this global information and communication era, ICTs became the indispensable medium of daily communication, entertainment and education among the students of Bangladesh. Studies showed that students’ attachment with ICTs and its uses have great impact on their academic performance. It may either enhance or degrade their academic ability based on their using behavior. This study is followed to discover students time use behavior along with the arena that ICTs are generally serving and conducted among the students of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Science and Technology University (BSMRSTU), Gopalganj by using survey research design. Among the students, 347 were selected as the respondents and data has been collected by using structured questionnaire. Results revealed that students are mostly attached to at least one component of ICTs and use it everyday ranging one hour to more than five hours. They make use of it for the purpose of education, communication, entertainment and passing leisure time. However, this study will guide further researches to correlate students’ time use behavior and its impact on their career.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2018, 6(8), 1164-1171. DOI: 10.12691/education-6-8-15
Pub. Date: August 15, 2018
5192 Views1305 Downloads
Evaluating the Impact of Teaching and Learning of Mathematics and Science using Local Language (Language of Play) in Primary Schools in Muchinga Province, Zambia, a Case of Chinsali District
Original Research
One of the factors blamed for poor academic performance in the Zambian primary Schools has been the use of English in place of mother tongue as a medium of instruction. In 2013, the government replaced English with a familiar local language in teaching grade one to four. The aim of this paper was to make a preliminary evaluation of the impact of using a local or familiar language as a medium of instruction for teaching and learning mathematics and science in Muchinga province of Zambia. Taking Chinsali district of Muchinga province as a case study, the research sampled 4(30%) of the 13 zones in the district. Schools within the sampled zones were randomly picked and questionnaires were administered to lower primary school teachers. The research findings show that, firstly, while teachers supported and appreciated the efficacy of the pedagogy, they also faced challenges in using it to teach mathematics and science. Secondly, teachers reported that using a local language as a medium of instruction freed pupils from timidity. There was tremendous class participation during lessons. Thirdly, the pedagogy reduced rote learning and increased concept assimilation of mathematics and science concepts. The major recommendations are that the ministry in charge of education should embark on many longitudinal studies in the province to see how the policy is working. A look at countries where using mother tongue to teach mathematics and science has succeeded, shows that it has gone through many years of evaluations. It is these several years of monitoring that lead to its success.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2018, 6(8), 1153-1163. DOI: 10.12691/education-6-8-14
Pub. Date: August 15, 2018
10339 Views2522 Downloads15 Likes
Cosmopolitan Democracy and Contemporary Climate Change System
Original Research
Sociologist Daniel Archibugi thinks that social system has become more of a sociological idea than it is a legal question. Cosmopolitan democracy, as Archibugi's concepts represents the democracy in which the cosmopolitan ideas should be promoted together with the idea of joint strategy for solution of contemporary ecological problems, besides of all, climate changes. The main hypothesis of this research paper is that climate changes system must be criticized and changed toward the more applicable concepts in post modernity. Sociological critic and deconstruction as method has shown that sustainable development is concept that was fundamental approach towards the environment in modernity, but as we approach its end and move forward to post modernity, other concepts and theories are discovered and authors such as Adam, Haraway, Adams, Beck, and Giddens wrote on their vision of ecological problems. Feminization of poverty, gender based violence, globalization of care, gender equality, transcendence of gender binaries, ecological problems such as climate changes are contemporary problems of social world. Therefore the ecological literacy, eco ethics, bioethics, xenobioetics, social reflexivity can be the agents of change in future.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2018, 6(8), 1146-1152. DOI: 10.12691/education-6-8-13
Pub. Date: August 14, 2018
4594 Views2194 Downloads
Gender Dimension of Migrations Influenced by Genocide and Feminicides around the Globe
Original Research
Gender dimension of migration analyzes the intersection in between the world statistics on male and female migrations, around the world, involving the questions of youth migrations. Comparative analyses of world migration statistics as methodology offer the insight into the position of women in labor market around world. There are different forms of youth debris in contemporary world. The main problems are illegal migration, feminization of poverty, kidnapping the girls in Nigeria, femicides in Juarez and Mexico. Due to the war consequences and genocide, in Bosnia and Herzegovina, large migration towards the America, resulted in new identity, American Bosnians. Illegal migrations involve forced labor, rape and prostitution. Transgender youth share ideas through the online media (anti-bullying videos) and develop their own styles such as anarcho-punk, rave, or rock. Therefore, the stronger gender equality laws and laws for protection of women on work should be enforced.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2018, 6(8), 1141-1145. DOI: 10.12691/education-6-8-12
Pub. Date: August 14, 2018
3874 Views1515 Downloads
Assessment of Conventional Teaching Technique in the Era of Medical Education Technology: A Study of Biochemistry Learning Process among First Year Medical Students Using Traditional Chalk and Board Teaching
Original Research
Background: In traditional class-room teaching, although we deal with processes of human disease, what is very important for a teacher is to know how much the learners can understand it. From the era when only chalk and board was the method of choice for teaching, currently there are several teaching methodologies available that include the audio-visual aids, overhead projection, PowerPoint presentations, computer graphics and videos. Recently there has been an increase in the usage of modern techniques in teaching and learning processes. Also, there is a debate on whether a traditional chalk and board teaching be completely replaced by the newer medical education technologies. The present study attempts to assess the effectiveness of chalk and board method of teaching biochemistry for first year medical undergraduate students. Methods: The study was conducted at a tertiary care teaching hospital and included 149 first year Medicine (MBBS) students. Chalk and board teaching was used, and a set of ten multiple choice questions (MCQ) was given as a pre-test to all the students before the class with a 10-minute time duration. After completion of the topic, the same set of ten MCQ’s was given as a post-test to all the students in the class. The test was valued, and the marks were noted down. The Microsoft word, and excel were used to prepare and analyze the data. The results of the pre-test and the post-test were interpreted using student t test. Results: Of the 149 study participants and 146 students who completed both the pre and post-test, 123 students had scored more in the post-test compared to the pre-test assessment, accounting for 85% increased marks in post-test. The scores for pre-test and post-tests were 5.87±1.59 (<0.0001) and 7.88±1.58 (<0.0001) respectively. Conclusion: The chalk and board teaching appeared to have been beneficial and had increased the understanding of the subject.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2018, 6(8), 1137-1140. DOI: 10.12691/education-6-8-11
Pub. Date: August 13, 2018
4924 Views2100 Downloads
Investigating Students’ Physico-mathematical Difficulties in Classical Mechanics and Designing an Instructional Model
Original Research
The study investigated students’ physico-mathematical difficulties in classical mechanics and designed an instructional model. The three objectives that guided the study were namely: to identify physico-mathematical difficulties students have in classical mechanics, to explore the existing instructional models and design a suitable instructional model to address physico-mathematical difficulties in classical mechanics and to verify and evaluate the effectiveness of the designed instructional model. The study was undertaken with a purposive sample of 140 students and 10 instructors learning and teaching classical mechanics respectively from the Copperbelt University and Mukuba University on the Copperbelt Province of Zambia. A descriptive mixed method survey design approach was used. A pilot study was conducted, instruments adjusted and survey implemented, instructional model designed and evaluated for its effectiveness. Four achievement tests comprising physico-mathematical concepts, the questionnaire, interviews and focus group discussions were used to collect data. The Microsoft Excel package was used to generate tables and percentages. Qualitative data from interview and focus group discussions were analysed qualitatively by the MAXQDA (Max Qualitative Data Analysis) software. The results of the study revealed that students had physico-mathematical difficulties in classical mechanics bordering on the students’ inabilities to use vectors, graphs, functions and mathematization in classical mechanics. Furthermore, it was found that the strategy of teaching mathematical concepts before introducing concepts in classical mechanics was used at the two institutions. However, these physico-mathematical difficulties still persisted. Therefore, the study recommended that instructors in classical mechanics should have necessary background information about students before teaching them. Information includes the prior knowledge of students. The study also recommended that instructors use suitable learning methods or materials that would engage students or make abstract physico-mathematical concepts more observable.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2018, 6(8), 1127-1136. DOI: 10.12691/education-6-8-10
Pub. Date: August 13, 2018
5023 Views1788 Downloads1 Likes
Mathematics after School in Ukraine
Original Research
It has been shown that mathematics achievement among K-12 students can be improved through quality after-school programs. At the same time, university mathematicians are being encouraged to partner with K-12 schools to improve teaching and learning in mathematics, and after-school programs provide a perfect context for that partnership. Yet few such partnerships exist. This study is a description of extracurricular activities in mathematics for high school students provided by universities and high schools in the Sumy region of the Ukraine, and an exploration of the cooperation between university faculty and high school faculty in providing those activities. In addition, evidence of student and parent satisfaction with those activities is presented. This study provides a positive model for cooperation between universities and high schools for the benefit of all students.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2018, 6(8), 1117-1126. DOI: 10.12691/education-6-8-9
Pub. Date: August 13, 2018
6476 Views2214 Downloads
Educative Video Game Based Android System for Learning Early Reading for Children with Hearing Impairment
Original Research
This aim of this research is to describe how to use video game as an educative media based on android system that used to increase early reading ability for children with hearing impairment in Special Kindergarten. The backgrounds of this research are from the language ability of children with hearing impairment as we know because of they can not hear anything, their language is limited . Children with hearing impairment use the visual stimulus more than audio stimulus for reading, early reading exactly. Early reading for children with hearing impairment started with identifying word by picture and after that, we start to read the sentences. This research use research and development (R&D) method, and use ADDIE models to make an educative video game. The steps are analyse, development, design, implementation, and evaluation. Based on the other research before, we know that children with hearing impairment have to reading, writing, and speaking with integration learning and do it in early children. Therefore, it is necessary to developed video games education for media to help children with hearing impairment to learn the early reading that can be used anywhere and anytime in a smartphone. By using this media, children with hearing impairment is easier to learn early reading that can increase the process of language acquisition. Media uses it should be under contiguous by parents or adults.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2018, 6(8), 1111-1116. DOI: 10.12691/education-6-8-8
Pub. Date: August 09, 2018
4386 Views1881 Downloads
The Effect of Problem Based Learning and Self Efficiency for Improving Learning Outcomes in Pshychiatric Nursing Education
Original Research
This research used quasi experimental method with treatment design by level 2x2. The research instrument used multiple-choice tests to measure learning outcomes and quotionare to measure student self-efficacy. Data analysis techniques include test requirements analysis and hypothesis testing. The collected data was analyzed by using two path Anava test. The result of the research (1) Ho which read the outcome of studying the subject of Psychiatric Nursing on the students which is learned by PBL learning strategy is rejected. (2) Ho that there is no influence of interaction between PBL learning strategy and self efficacy to outcome of Psychiatric Nursing is rejected. (3) Ho that sounds the outcome of studying the subject of Psychiatric Nursing to students who are taught by PBL learning strategy for students who have high self efficacy rejected. (4) Ho that reads the outcome of study of Psychiatric Nursing subjects on the students with low self efficacy which is taught by PBL learning strategy rejected.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2018, 6(8), 1102-1110. DOI: 10.12691/education-6-8-7
Pub. Date: August 09, 2018
5054 Views1665 Downloads
Communicative Approach in Improving Skill Speaking (Action Research on Grade V Students of SD Kitri Bakti Sub District North Cikarang Bekasi Regency)
Original Research
The purpose of this study is to improve speaking skills through a communicative approach to students of grade V SD Kitri Bakti District North Cikarang Bekasi District. The research method used action research with model Kurt Lewin. The data source used is the students of grade V SD Kitri Bakti Sub District North Cikarang Bekasi District. The result of the research shows that the pre-cycle of students' speaking skill is the average score of 65.33 with the success rate of 40% so it is still relatively low, the cycle I speaking skill average score obtained by students 69.27 with the success rate of 76.67% with the criterion is still low, then cycle II speaking skills average score of 79.67 with level of success 86.67% with criteria have reached target in this research. This suggests that a communicative approach to improving speech skills in primary schools.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2018, 6(8), 1098-1101. DOI: 10.12691/education-6-8-6
Pub. Date: August 09, 2018
5078 Views1702 Downloads
Improving Descriptive Writing Capabilities in Class Students V School Based Islam Integrated Al Istiqomah Karawang through Scaffolding Approach
Original Research
This study aims to improve the quality of the process and the results of writing the description of students of grade V SDIT Al Istiqomah Kosambi, Klari District, Karawang regency by applying Scaffolding approach. This research is a classroom action research consisting of planning, action, observation, reflection, and evaluation using the scaffolding approach. The subjects of the study were 60 students and grade V SDIT Al Istiqomah Kosambi the study was conducted in II cycle. Data were collected through tests, interviews, observations, field notes, and documentation. To ensure the validity of data used triangulation technique. This research shows that there is an increase of learning result of writing a description on student and student of grade V SDIT Al Istiqomah Kosambi Karawang. The result of the writing of the description has increased, seen from the value of the students who reached the value of KKM 75 before the action there are 39 students (65%) who have not reached the KKM and after the action, 57 students (95%) reached the KKM score. The conclusion of this research is the learning of writing the description by using the scaffolding approach can improve the result of writing grade V SDIT Al Istiqomah Kosambi, Karawang year 2018.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2018, 6(8), 1093-1097. DOI: 10.12691/education-6-8-5
Pub. Date: August 09, 2018
4551 Views1517 Downloads1 Likes
Application of Type Cooperative Learning Models Missouri Mathematics Project (Mmp) to Increase Learning Results Math
Original Research
This study aims to improve student learning outcomes fourth grade MI At-Taqwa 50 Mandala Jaya Tarumajaya Bekasi Regency. This research is an action research. The subjects of this study are all students of class IV which amounted to 28 students. Factors studied in the form of improved student learning outcomes. Instruments at each cycle. The data collected at each activity result of learning from cycle implementation, analyzed by using the mean of student learning result and percentage of student learning result which counted by descriptive percentage. The results showed that the average of students in the first cycle of 74.28 with 82% classical completeness increased average in cycle II to 83.92 with 93% classical completeness. When viewed from these results, the model of learning type of Missouri Mathematics Project to improve student learning outcomes in learning mathematics.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2018, 6(8), 1085-1092. DOI: 10.12691/education-6-8-4
Pub. Date: August 03, 2018
5509 Views1587 Downloads1 Likes
Improving IPS Learning Results through Learning Media Playing King Ludo
Original Research
The purpose of this study is to obtain empirical data about the use of learning media to play king ludo in improving IPS learning outcomes. This research was conducted on the fourth-grade students of SDN Pantai Harapan Jaya 01 Bekasi, amounting to 30 students. The process of collecting data through IPS and non-test results of learning results of observation of instructional learning media play king ludo by using observation sheet of teacher and student activity and documentation result. The result of this research is the improvement of learning subject of IPS by applying learning media to play king ludo. The results showed that the pre-cycle results data with an average value of 60.06 or 43.75%, in cycle I showed that the average value of 70.97 or 53.13% and in cycle II showed that the average value of 78.90 or 90.62%. It shows that learning media playing king ludo can improve IPS learning the result.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2018, 6(8), 1078-1084. DOI: 10.12691/education-6-8-3
Pub. Date: August 03, 2018
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Increasing Ability to Start Writing through Recitation Method
Original Research
The purpose of this research is to improve the skill of the student start-up after the following learning by using the recitation method in Elementary School. This research was conducted at SDN Karang Asih 12 District of North Cikarang Bekasi Regency. The subjects of this study are the students of class II, amounting to 30 students. This research was conducted using the classroom action research method by Kemmis and Mc. Taggart is done using the cycle method. The results showed that the percentage obtained from the pre-cycle students get a complete value of 50 that is equal to 50%, at the end of the cycle I the value of students who completed 20 students obtained at 67% and at the end of the cycle II students complete 28 students 93%. The result of the initial writing skill in cycle II has exceeded the target. Thus the implications of using this recitation method can enable students in the initial writing skills in Indonesian language lessons as well as achieving the desired goals in the classroom.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2018, 6(8), 1072-1077. DOI: 10.12691/education-6-8-2
Pub. Date: August 03, 2018
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Improving the Ability of Mathematic Communication through the Realistic Mathematic Education Approach (RME) at the Student Class Iv New SDN Karang 04 Cikarang Utara-Bekasi
Original Research
The purpose of this study is to obtain empirical data on the use of Realistic Mathematics Education Approach (RME) in improving the ability of mathematical communication. This research was conducted in grade 4 students of SDN Karang Baru 04 North Cikarang-Bekasi, which amounted to 30 students. The process of collecting data through the test of mathematical and non-test communication skills is the result of observation of Realistic Mathematics Education (RME) implementation using observation sheet of teacher and student activity and documentation result. The result of this research is the improvement of mathematics communication ability by applying Realistic Mathematics Education Approach (RME). It is proved by the value of the ability of mathematical communication before the pre-cycle of 53%, in cycle I the level of mastery increased by 67%, the second cycle reached 87%, the third cycle reached 93%. The implications of this study indicate that the Realistic Mathematics Education Approach (RME) emphasizes students working together in groups and solving learning problems faced in the learning group so that learning is more meaningful and student-centered.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2018, 6(8), 1063-1071. DOI: 10.12691/education-6-8-1
Pub. Date: August 03, 2018
5974 Views1552 Downloads