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Volume 6, Issue 2

Implementing Integrated Science Connected Model Learning to Foster Students’ Science Learning Outcomes: A Study in Indonesia-Malaysia Border
Original Research
This study aims to discover whether the implementation of integrated science connected model learning can improve students’ science learning outcomes in one of Public Junior High School in Border Area of West Borneo. The method used in this study was experimental method by using control group pretest-posttest design. The data analysis showed a difference in learning outcomes between the control and the experimental group, with a significant level of 0.5. Thus, the implementation of integrated science connected model learning can improve the students’ science learning outcomes.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2018, 6(2), 158-160. DOI: 10.12691/education-6-2-12
Pub. Date: March 07, 2018
4897 Views1414 Downloads
Establishing StrengthsFinder Norms for Veterinary Medical Students
Original Research
The Clifton StrengthsFinder 2.0 is an online assessment administered by the Gallup organization. The assessment is intended to help individuals identify their greatest talents, and once identified, use that information to further develop one’s predominant strengths. Colleges and universities routinely administer the StrengthsFinder to students, but to date there is sparse literature presenting any results. Interestingly, academic disciplinary differences has been identified as the single most differentiating factor regarding members of an academic community. This is due to the strong influence of disciplinary norms, cultures and values that both attract individuals to a community and sustain members once a part of the community. Thus, the use of a standardized assessment with well-evidenced psychometric properties could be particularly useful for making comparisons about students’ attributes across these communities. This study sought to create a new line of research inquiry by exploring StrengthsFinder results and establishing an initial set of norms for students in the field of veterinary medicine. Substantive results found veterinary students’ most predominant strengths were Achiever and Learner, followed by Restorative, Input, Relator, Harmony and Responsibility. The five least common Signature Themes were Self-Assurance, Connectedness, Activator, Command, and Maximizer. Results from this study may be used to compare and contrast students’ predominant strengths and talents in other programs, particularly those in the medical and health professions.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2018, 6(2), 152-157. DOI: 10.12691/education-6-2-11
Pub. Date: March 06, 2018
5971 Views2665 Downloads
Linear Congruence ax ≡ b (mod n) Solver
Original Research
Although there are existing methods for solving linear congruence ax ≡ b (mod n), finding solutions still remain difficult especially when the modulus n is large. Thus, this paper aimed to develop a linear congruence solver that will provide step by step solutions even for large modulus n. The linear congruence solver was based on alternative numerical method devised by the researcher and was developed using Microsoft Visual Studio C# programming language. The system was tested using ISO 9126 standard questionnaire for software quality characteristics such as functionality, reliability, and usability. The result of the evaluation shows that the developed linear congruence solver is highly functional, highly reliable and highly usable. The use of linear congruence solver as an instructional aid for instructors and students is highly recommended.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2018, 6(2), 149-151. DOI: 10.12691/education-6-2-10
Pub. Date: March 01, 2018
5427 Views2076 Downloads1 Likes
Digital Innovation in Education: Occupational Stress and Attitude toward Change among Schoolteachers
Original Research
The introduction of ICT into the school context is driving change in the education system, and teachers, whether willingly or otherwise, are among the main actors in this process. The study of organizational change and innovation suggests a number of variables whose impact must be analysed if we are to understand how the outcomes of digital innovation in schools may be optimized. In this paper, we evaluate the experience of a large sample of teachers (420 completed questionnaires) who had been involved in a digital innovation programme for schools. More specifically, we measured the impact of personal and contextual variables on the participants’ attitude to digital change, identifying a pattern of interaction. While some variables, such as age and perceived ICT expertise, influenced both positive and negative attitudes to change, others had a more specific impact: For example, commitment to the organization mainly encouraged positive attitudes towards the digital innovation project, while negative attitudes to digital change were also associated with negative self-perceived work/life balance.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2018, 6(2), 142-148. DOI: 10.12691/education-6-2-9
Pub. Date: February 27, 2018
7219 Views2998 Downloads1 Likes
Development of Painting Instructional Model Based on Sosial Culture Reality
Original Research
The research aims to develop learning painting models based social culture reality in the painting major at faculty of Jakarta Art institute. The research aims to improve the ability of students and teachers in the learning process of painting. The research make learning process getting the purpose with make art learning design. Students and teachers will synergize to the make the learning process. Students and teacers know the stages of learning. This research adapted from Dick and Carey’s with Borg and Gall method. This is Research and devepment research. This study focuses on the development of art based on social culture to improve conceptual ability and learning method of painting. In a field test, draft of learning model painting based on social culture is very needed and as reference for painting that can make learning process effectively and efficiently to optimize students' ability.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2018, 6(2), 137-141. DOI: 10.12691/education-6-2-8
Pub. Date: February 25, 2018
4084 Views1386 Downloads1 Likes
Developmental Projects in Calapan City, Philippines: Localization Perspectives
Original Research
The world is a global village. Every country is facing the changes and opportunities attributed by population explosion, advancement in technology, more intense economic competitions, paradigm shifts, innovations and expanding role of civil society in social economic development. There have been many accomplishments by member countries of the said global village. The progress achieved is attributed to many factors. Discipline may be one of them. The presence of abundant natural resources may be another. Still, the presence of sound, mature and brilliant leadership from the national to the lowest political may be a decisive factor, too. At any rate, the fact stands that different countries are constantly surging ahead. Thus, the study determined the localization perspectives on developmental projects in Calapan City. Philippines. The respondents were the 62 barangay chairpersons in the city. The data from the survey instrument were analyzed using weighted mean. The study found out that the center of all economic and social developmental projects and programs were community leaders or barangay chairperson. They planned, decided, implemented and managed all economic activities. Imbued with the right attitudes, values, knowledge and skills, they could create economic miracles. The magnitude of the overwhelming tasks and leadership of barangay chairperson resulted to sustainable development that was characterized by an environment of peace, cooperation, unity, understanding, respect, equity and social justice. Dynamic barangay chairpersons were transparent, responsive and efficient who are honest, professional and competent in their objective. Their challenging job was to balance the competing demands and expectations of multi-sectoral group.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2018, 6(2), 133-136. DOI: 10.12691/education-6-2-7
Pub. Date: February 25, 2018
4777 Views1586 Downloads1 Likes
Faculty Practices of Responsibility, Involvement, Commitment and Excellence in Mindoro State College of Agriculture and Technology (MinSCAT)
Original Research
Every teacher is expected to be aware of the core values their institution stands for. Moreover, teachers are expected to anchor every task, especially instruction in these values. The duties of a teacher in instruction in relevance with the educational trends never changes. They are to deliver instruction in a way that the students will be equipped with the knowledge, skills and competencies needed to survive and succeed in the society, in the hearts and minds. However, the extent of their practice of each value may vary in level. Hence, the study attempted to take a look at the philosophical underpinnings in instruction of the faculty through determining the extent of faculty practices of responsibility, involvement, commitment and excellence in instruction at the Mindoro State College of Agriculture and Technology (MinSCAT). Using descriptive-comparative method, the study found out that respondents seemed assured that the faculty from the three campuses has clear philosophical underpinnings of the College Core Values. Faculty practice and carry out responsibility, involvement, commitment and excellence in instruction in different extents in the three MinSCAT campuses. With this, the study recommended that the administration should conduct unified faculty seminars and workshops that will strengthen more the faculty’s adaptation of the MinSCAT core values in their instruction at the three campuses. Faculty should be called for symposium or forum about the school policies in the faculty manual, or at least be provided by a copy of the manual. Finally, faculty communication and interpersonal skills should be upgraded and updated through seminars focused on developing the skills.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2018, 6(2), 129-132. DOI: 10.12691/education-6-2-6
Pub. Date: February 25, 2018
4863 Views1646 Downloads1 Likes
The Effect of Scientific Approach on Students’ English Achievement for Junior High School Level in Riau Province, Indonesia
Original Research
The main goal of this study is to determine the effects of the scientific approach through Information Communication Technology (ICT) of curriculum 2013 on students’ English achievement. The research utilized a quasi-experimental study of the pretest - post-test of non-equivalent group design. The participants of the study comprised 160 students and three intact teachers from three Junior High schools in Kampar regency of Riau province. The scientific approach with three aspects of attitude, skill and knowledge competencies through ICT were used for the treatment of the study. Data were collected using pre-test and post-test to measure the students’ English achievement before and after conducting treatments for 12 meetings; then, an observation sheet was administered to investigate the implementation of the scientific approach done by the teachers. Two research questions and four hypotheses were posted in this research. Teaching and learning process of scientific approach through ICT with the strength of attitude, skill and knowledge made the students became more active, creative, effective and joyful learning to achieve the learning objectives. It also made the class became student centered instruction. The findings showed that there were significant effects of the scientific approach through ICT of curriculum 2013 on students’ English achievement.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2018, 6(2), 123-128. DOI: 10.12691/education-6-2-5
Pub. Date: February 25, 2018
6753 Views2534 Downloads1 Likes
Interactive Educational Activities and Their Impacts on Student’s Innovation, Teaching and Learning at Jubail Industrial College (KSA)
Original Research
Jubail Industrial College (JIC) located at the Jubail Royal Commission (RC), eastern province in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The Jubail industrial college organized an in house Engineering Open Day of academic student activities. Undergraduate engineering students from different JIC specializations presented scientific projects to pupils from secondary schools in an interactive and fun learning way. The Engineering Open Day included engaging, enjoyable science competitions, open group discussions sessions on the topics of science and technology. It also provided the opportunity for some capable JIC students to improve their communication and presentation skills. In addition, the day’s sessions provided a fantastic opportunity for educators to observe student participation at close hand, to discover and to help develop their talents. In turn, the activities encouraged greater creativity and innovation among the groups of visiting secondary students through the exploration of areas of science and new subject areas not usually available at the high school level. In general, it is suggested through this article other type of arrangements when it comes for promoting student’s skills and creativity worldwide. It was demonstrated in figure one most necessary requirements for publishing in international journals of education.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2018, 6(2), 117-122. DOI: 10.12691/education-6-2-4
Pub. Date: February 11, 2018
7752 Views3741 Downloads16 Likes
Translating Numbers into Feedback: Providing Students with Automatically Generated Feedback
Original Research
Universities nowadays are confronted with the challenge of offering students sufficient formative feedback about their learning progress. Undergraduates in particular struggle in this almost impersonal learning situation, in contrast to their experience at school. Web-based trainings often do not allow a comparable formative feedback from a teacher, as current Learning Management Systems only offer basal feedback mechanisms. The Learning Management System Analyzation Kit and the Easy Snippet Feedback Edit are software tools that have been developed to overcome this shortcoming. The intuitive design of the software allows teachers to develop small feedback generating programs, which use the educational data of EDM solutions, raw data of the LMS, or just teachers’ individual records to compose individual formative feedback messages for all students. Initial evaluations show that students appreciate this new type of feedback, and that even inexperienced users can easily operate the software.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2018, 6(2), 108-116. DOI: 10.12691/education-6-2-3
Pub. Date: February 09, 2018
7114 Views2033 Downloads2 Likes
The Study on Pre-service Training of University New Teachers in China
Original Research
Pre-service training of university new teachers has been carried out in China for twenty years. In this period, a series of related researches appeared which not only greatly improved new teachers' teaching ability, but also made the pre-service training to be more reasonable and scientific. This paper reviewed and combed the researches in the past twenty years, and summarized its training contents and methods, and gave suggestions about future research.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2018, 6(2), 104-107. DOI: 10.12691/education-6-2-2
Pub. Date: February 07, 2018
5078 Views2205 Downloads1 Likes
An Investigation of 8th Grade Students’ Knowledge on Geometrical Objects in Terms of Van Heile Levels of Understanding Geometry
Original Research
In this study, it was aimed to determine 8th grade students’ Van Hiele levels of understanding geometry and to examine their knowledge on geometric objects in terms of Van Hiele levels of understanding geometry. Survey model, a quantitative research design was used in the research. The study group consists of 161 students from three different schools of National Ministry of Education located in the districts of Melikgazi and Kocasinan in Kayseri province. The Van Hiele Geometry Test and the Geometric objects Achievement Test developed by the researcher was used to collect the data of the study. Some of the results obtained from the research are as follows: The Van Hiele levels of understanding geometry of the students who participated in the research were found to be lower compared to what they are expected to have at the present. There was a high correlation between the scores of the students on both tests. Significant mean differences were found among the schools in terms of both the Van Hiele Geometry Test and the Geometric Objects Achievement Test. When the data were analyzed by gender variable, there were significant differences in favor of girl students for both tests.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2018, 6(2), 96-103. DOI: 10.12691/education-6-2-1
Pub. Date: February 02, 2018
8837 Views3868 Downloads408 Likes