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Volume 5, Issue 6

Binomial Analysis of the Demand for Higher Education in Borno State of Nigeria
Original Research
Demand is a multidimensional and determined by many factors. Education is viewed as investment and key to development of any nation. This paper investigated the demand for private education in Nigeria with focus on Borno State. Both primary and secondary sources of data were utilized in this paper. The primary data were obtained from random administration of 2000 questionnaires to 5 enumeration areas. The paper extensively used probabilistic sampling techniques to get the data ready. The living standard measurement Surveys was also utilized in collecting data. The probit regression technique was used to assess the impact as well as determinants of higher private education for rural households, urban households and combinations of both variables. The result shows that the size of households, per capita spending, school fees, father’s level of education, households location in the rural or urban areas, and intermittent strikes of university teachers constitute the main determinants of higher education demand in Borno state. Note that high increase in the demand for higher private institution in Borno state can be attributed to the influence of institutional, economic and socio cultural factors. The paper recommends that some measures should be put in place by educational planners to emphasize the quality of output from the higher public and private institutions. There is also need to match the candidate choice of course and the marketability of the course in the labor market. This paper also note that school fee is never an impediment to choosing the private higher institution, Therefore user charges could be used to address poor funding of public institutions in Nigeria. Policy makers should look into agitations of lecturers in tertiary public institutions in order to address the teething problem of inadequate funding of public institutions to avoid brain drain and further falling standard of education in Nigeria.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2017, 5(6), 677-682. DOI: 10.12691/education-5-6-13
Pub. Date: June 29, 2017
7069 Views2871 Downloads1 Likes
The Levels of Availability of Electronic Learning Efficiencies of Yemeni Female Teachers
Original Research
Over the last few years, Electronic Learning use is becoming more widespread and successful in teaching female students in developing countries in general, and the Arabic world. This trend is seen especially with the introduction of new technologies for learning and teaching. As a result, the competent female teachers are the key for it’s successful implementations, and they must have the sufficient knowledge and skills for the effective implementation of Electronic Learning. So, this study aims to evaluate, identify the practice, knowledge levels, and the efficiencient use of Electronic Learning by Yemeni female teachers at Al-Hodaidah city schools. Furthermore, it tried to determine whether there were differences in those female teachers’ best practice and knowledge level due to the (Academic Specialization Type; Academic Qualifications; Educational Courses Attended Related to Electronic Learning). A questionnaire (40 items) containing four axises of Electronic Learning efficiencies (Computers Use Skills; Networks and Internet Use Skills; Knowledge of Electronic Learning Culture; Skills of Design and Managing the Curricular of Electronic Learning) was used. The sample consisted of (174) female teachers chosen randomly out of the study community. A descriptive approach was used, also SPSS program for data analyses. The study revealed a moderate level of practice, knowledge, and degree of efficiencies of Electronic Learning. The usage and knowledge level of the networks and internet use skills had the highest degree among all best practices, whereas the design and managing the Electronic Learning curricular skills got the least degree of all best practices. Additionally, there were no statistically significant variances and differences found due to the types of academic qualifications in the third and fourth axises. But there were statistically significant differences found due to the type of academic specialization, types of academic qualifications and attending training course related to Electronic Learning on all the axises.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2017, 5(6), 660-676. DOI: 10.12691/education-5-6-12
Pub. Date: June 27, 2017
65149 Views41833 Downloads1 Likes
Nursing Education: Assessment of Healthcare Career Perspectives of First Year Nursing Students
Original Research
Background: Several factors influence the pre-university students to choose healthcare profession as their career. This in turn will have effect on their theoretical, clinical knowledge, and academic performance. It also influences the psycho-motor and problem-solving skills, which are crucial in providing better care to patients. The aim of the study was to assess the healthcare perspectives of first year B.Sc. nursing students and the factors influencing their choice for healthcare profession.Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out among the B.Sc. nursing first year students at the nursing college associated with Prathima Institute of Medical Sciences (PIMS), affiliated to Kalogi Narayana Rao University of Health Sciences (KNRUHS), in north Telangana during April 2017. A self administered semi structured questionnaire was used for data collection after obtaining an informed verbal consent. 91 students participated in the study. Data was analysed by calculating the percentages and applying the chi square test. Results: Out of 91 students, nursing profession to serve the community was noted to be the first choice 66 (72.5%). Only 17(18.7%) students joined nursing profession by their interest. Majority of the students wanted to pursue post-graduation (54 (59.3%)). 23 (42.6%) students decided to pursue different clinical subjects whereas 31 (57.4%) students had not yet decided post-graduation subject. 59 (64.8%) students were interested to go abroad for a job. Majority of the students 52 (57.1%) opted to work in urban areas whereas 39 (42.9%) preferred to work in rural setup. 74(81.3%) students wish to continue nursing profession and 17 (18.7%) students still had the desire to pursue career in other fields. Conclusion:Serving the community, caring for others, and better earning remains the most common reasons to choose nursing as a profession. Majority of the students wanted to pursue higher education and continue nursing profession in urban areas.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2017, 5(6), 655-659. DOI: 10.12691/education-5-6-11
Pub. Date: June 22, 2017
8075 Views2992 Downloads1 Likes
Prevalence and Factors Responsible for Cohabitation among Undergraduates of Adekunle Ajasin University, Ondo State, Nigeria
Original Research
The study examined prevalence and factors responsible for cohabitation among undergraduates of Adekunle Ajasin University, Ondo State, Nigeria. The population for the study consisted of all the undergraduates of the university, four hundred and fifty (450) students were randomly selected from the six faculties. Prevalence and Factors of Cohabitation among Undergraduates Questionnaire (PFCUQ) was the instrument administered for the study. One research question was raised and three hypotheses were generated based on variables of age, gender and religious affiliation. The findings showed that the first and third hypotheses indicated no significant difference in cohabitation on the basis of age and faculties. Whereas, the second hypothesis indicated that significant difference existed on the basis of religious affiliation. The study therefore recommended that counselling should be given on regular basis to students on the need for good moral and chaste living. Parents, University authority and religious bodies should try to alleviate the problem of cohabitation by providing suitable, conducive and affordable accommodation within the University environment.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2017, 5(6), 650-654. DOI: 10.12691/education-5-6-10
Pub. Date: June 22, 2017
15899 Views8506 Downloads1 Likes
The Effect Number of Replication and the Number of Option Scale toward the Reliability Coefficient of Maximal in the Rubric Assessment of Vocational Learning Outcome
Original Research
This study aims to determine the effect of number of replication and the number of option scale toward the maximal reliability coefficient in the assessment instrument rubric. This research used experimental method. The population is all students of state vocational high school of food processing technology of Cianjur in the 2014/2015 academic year. This research used t-test analysis. The result of the research shows that maximal reliability coefficient is higher with more and more option scale on instrument of rubric. Number of data replication has an effect on maximal reliability coefficient. The maximal reliability coefficient gets higher with more and more data replication on instrument of.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2017, 5(6), 645-649. DOI: 10.12691/education-5-6-9
Pub. Date: June 22, 2017
5813 Views1809 Downloads1 Likes
Using Problem Based Learning Model Assisted Visual Media to Improve High Conceptual Knowledge and Critical Thinking Ability in Senior High School
Original Research
This research aims to ; Analyzing the gain of high conceptual knowledge and critical thinking ability of students by using problem based learning model and conventional learning, Analyzes whether the gain of high conceptual knowledge and critical thinking ability of students that are taught by model learning problem based learning is better than students who are taught by conventional learning. This research is a quasi experiment research with two class pretest-posttest design. The research population is all students of class X MAN 3 Medan semester II academic year 2016/2017. The population for this research are 11 classes. The sample in this research was taken by two random classes consist of 80 students. Class X MIA-3 as an experiment class taught by problem based learning model assisted visual media consist of 40 students, Class X MIA-4 as a control class taught by conventional learning consist of 40 students. The instrument of this research used essay test for high conceptual knowledge and critical thinking ability that has been validated. The resulting data were analyzed using statistic t test. The results showed that: The gain average in the high conceptual knowledge of students taught by the problem based learning model assisted visual media is in high category and using conventional learning is in medium category. The gain average of critical thinking ability students using model problem based learning model assisted visual media is in the high category and using conventional learning is in medium category. The gain average of high conceptual knowledge of students taught by problem based learning model assisted visual media is better than taught by conventional learning. The gain average of critical thinking ability of students taught by problem based learning model assisted visual media is better than taught by conventional learning.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2017, 5(6), 639-644. DOI: 10.12691/education-5-6-8
Pub. Date: June 20, 2017
7339 Views1966 Downloads1 Likes
The Effect of Problem Based Learning (PBL) Model toward Student's Critical Thinking and Problem Solving Ability in Senior High School
Original Research
This research aimed to analyze the gain of students’ critical thinking and problem solving ability by using conventional learning; to analyze whether the gain of students’ critical thinking and problem solving ability by using problem based learning model better than conventional learning. This research was a quasi experimental research with two group pretest-posttest design. The population of this research was second semester of State Senior High School 1 class X academic year 2016/2017.The sample of this research were two classes that consisted of 70 students by using cluster random sampling technique. Class X MIA-1 as experimental class taught by problem based learning model that consist of 34 students, class X MIA-2 as control class taught by conventional learning that consist of 36 students. The instruments of the research were essay test of critical thinking ability and problem solving ability that consist of 5 questions for each. The data were analyzed by using t-test statistics. The results showed that: the mean gain of students’ critical thinking and students’ problem solving ability taught by problem based learning was in medium level and the mean gain of students’ critical thinking and students’ problem solving ability taught by conventional learning was in low level. Hypothesis test showed that the mean gain of students’ critical thinking and problem solving ability taught by problem based learning was better than conventional learning, this result showed that there was an effect of problem-based learning model on students’ critical thinking and problem-solving ability.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2017, 5(6), 633-638. DOI: 10.12691/education-5-6-7
Pub. Date: June 20, 2017
12137 Views6326 Downloads1 Likes
Presenting the Structural Equation Modeling of Achievement Goal and Self-regulation on Passing the Course
Original Research
The aim of this research was to investigate the relationship between goal orientation and academic achievement with emphasizing the mediating role of self-regulation of the students. The research method was correlational and the statistical population included all BA students of Islamic Azad University who choose general English in 2015-16 academic year (2 semesters) at Shiraz. They were selected through random sampling. The research tools were standard goal orientation and self- regulation questionnaires. The data were analyzed through structural equation modeling. The results of the structural equation modeling revealed that there was a direct and meaningful relationship between goal orientation and self- regulation with academic achievement. Moreover, the results indicated that the direct effect of academic achievement on self -regulation was meaningful.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2017, 5(6), 629-632. DOI: 10.12691/education-5-6-6
Pub. Date: June 17, 2017
7341 Views2642 Downloads1 Likes
The Effect of Scientific Inquiry Model Assisted Visual Media on Students¡¯ Conceptual and Procedural Knowledge
Original Research
This study aimed to analyze the gain of students¡¯ conceptual and procedural knowledge of Scientific Inquiry model assisted visual media and conventional learning; to analyze whether the gain of students¡¯ conceptual and procedural knowledge taught by Scientific Inquiry assisted visual media model was better than conventional learning. This research was a quasi- experimental research with two group pretest-posttest design. The population of this research was second semester students of Al Bukhari Moslem Integrated High School grade X academic year 2016/2017. The sampling technique was cluster random sampling that consisted of 2 groups with 68 students. Class X-1 were experimental group taught by Scientific Inquiry models consisted of 34 students and class X-3 were control group taught by conventional learning consisted of 34 students. The instrument of the research were essay test of conceptual and procedural knowledge consisted of 10 questions for each. The data were analyzed using t test statistics. The result showed that: the mean gain of students¡¯ conceptual knowledge taught by Scientific Inquiry model was in medium level and low level for conventional learning. The mean gain of students¡¯ procedural knowledge taught by Scientific Inquiry model was in high level and medium level for conventional learning. Hypothesis test showed that the mean gain of students¡¯ conceptual and procedural knowledge taught by Scientific Inquiry was better than conventional learning. This result showed that there was a positive effect of Scientific Inquiry model assisted visual media on the students¡¯ conceptual and procedural knowledge using Scientific Inquiry learning model.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2017, 5(6), 623-628. DOI: 10.12691/education-5-6-5
Pub. Date: June 17, 2017
7557 Views2178 Downloads2 Likes
Quran Memorization Using Mobile App
Original Research
This study was carried out in an attempt to encourage students’ to memorize Quran using mobile App. We have mobile App for memorizing Quran chapters. Complete Quran is stored in server and App downloads Quran chapters using Internet. The mobile App were designed our university. The mobile App is having memorization and social modules for memorization and recitation respectively. For few weeks students were asked to memorize Quran chapters using Quran Mobile App, then an assessment session about the memorization was directed. Later, students were requested to memorize Quran without App. Finally after memorization, then all students were asked to fill up opinion of these two sessions. Majority of them found mobile App easy and better way to memorize Quranic chapter and also recommended to use Mobile Apps for other knowledge based domains.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2017, 5(6), 620-622. DOI: 10.12691/education-5-6-4
Pub. Date: June 16, 2017
6498 Views2150 Downloads1 Likes
The Impact of Using Cooperative Learning Strategy on Achievement of Students with Math Learning Disabilities
Original Research
The present study is an attempt to identify the impact of using cooperative learning strategy on the achievement of students with Math Learning Disabilities. The authors selected two units in the second grade primary Mathematics book, then made an achievement test, whose reliability and validity were verified. Sampling consisted of (34) male and female students in Zarqa, Jordan. They were equally divided into two groups: control (8 male students and 9 female students) and experimental (8 male students and 9 female students). Pre and post achievement test was applied. Students of the experimental group were taught for nine weeks using cooperative learning strategy, while students of the control group were taught using traditional method. Results of T Test and One-way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) showed no statistically significant differences at significance level of achievement test due to the experimental and control group's variable. This result supposes both groups' equivalence prior to application, there are no statistically significant differences between means of both groups on post-total scale due to gender, there are statistically significant differences between means of both groups in post achievement test due to (experimental and control) variable, and these differences were in favor of the experimental group.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2017, 5(6), 612-619. DOI: 10.12691/education-5-6-3
Pub. Date: June 15, 2017
6676 Views1817 Downloads2 Likes
Evaluation of a Visual Metaphor of Suicide Risk Factors: Results from a Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial in Psychology Students
Original Research
Background: Although comprehensive knowledge of suicide risk assessment is fundamental, training programs for such an essential skill often include passive and didactic methods that may not facilitate recall. Objectives: To examine the efficacy of a recently published novel visual metaphor (VM) for teaching suicide risk factors as an adjunct to traditional teaching methods in a group of novice learners.Methods: A pilot non-blinded randomized controlled trial (RCT) was conducted. 22 first-year undergraduate psychology students were randomly assigned to either a control group, where they received traditional teaching (TT) or an intervention group, where they received traditional teaching and the visual metaphor (TT+VM). Participants then completed post-learning assessment including immediate free recall of suicide risk factors and knowledge application based on a clinical vignette. Cognitive load and participants’ satisfaction were also assessed. Descriptive statistics and the Mann-Whitney U test were used to analyse the data.Results: The TT+VM group demonstrated significantly better immediate free recall of suicide risk factors (mean= 14.56, SD= 3.2,p=.026), and superior application in the clinical vignette (mean= 14.33, SD= 1.00, p=.036). Furthermore, the TT+VM group also reported significantly less cognitive loading while learning suicide risk factors (mean= 3.44, SD= .88, p=.001) and significantly higher satisfaction levels (mean= 26.44, SD= 3.6,p=.001). The differences between the two groups on these domains ranged between medium and large effect sizes.Conclusions:Preliminary findings show that the use of TT+VM enhanced the learning of suicide risk factors. The VM could be a useful learning tool for novice learners but future large-scale studies are warranted to replicate this positive preliminary effect.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2017, 5(6), 606-611. DOI: 10.12691/education-5-6-2
Pub. Date: June 14, 2017
7792 Views2352 Downloads4 Likes
The Effectiveness of Peer/Self-assessment Approach in Urban Planning Studio-based Academic Education
Original Research
Urban planning education is an important discipline that mainly depends on problem-solving learning activities. These activities are targeted at developing student skills in the design and planning of urban areas. The traditional approach to managing the urban planning education studio sets out a unilateral role for each party. Students submit their plans and tutors evaluate them. Then, either a feedback or discussion session takes place. The efficiency of this approach is somewhat limited. It consumes time and often requires paper-based rather than oral exchange of ideas. In comparison, peer/self-assessment has proved to be a powerful learning tool, especially in developing formative skills. It helps learners to objectively review their own work and that of their colleagues. As a result, it bridges the thinking gap between students and tutors. It offers the opportunity to look at the work from another dimension. This calls for wider consideration of the application of peer/self-evaluation as a learning tool to urban planning studios and this paper explores the potential of such application. It analyzes the impact of peer/self-assessment on the development of urban planning education. An experiment was conducted with students and staff as part of the urban planning course at Cairo University. Students performed peer/self-assessment during various learning activities. Compared with their counterparts in previous semesters, this group of students achieved higher levels of quality in their deliverables.
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American Journal of Educational Research. 2017, 5(6), 588-605. DOI: 10.12691/education-5-6-1
Pub. Date: June 13, 2017
13317 Views2983 Downloads2 Likes