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Volume 5, Issue 3

Problem Solving Heuristics on Non-Routine Problems of College Students
Original Research
In the K-12 curriculum, problem solving and critical thinking skills have been the center of the framework for Mathematics curriculum in order to develop lifelong learners. With this, problem solving in Mathematics is highly valued. This descriptive comparative study determined the level of problem solving heuristics on non-routine problems of college freshmen at Mindoro State College of Agriculture and Technology. Employing a self-structured problem solving test composed of five non-routine problems, result showed that most of the students were classified as apprentice in heuristics knowledge which means that the skills and strategies used in general have focus but with limited clarity. In procedural knowledge, most of the students were also classified as apprentice which means that generally, most of the students made partial use of appropriate procedures and were not precise in using mathematical terms, principles and procedures. In conceptual knowledge, most of the students were also classified as apprentice which means that the students can extract the essence of the problem but most of them were unable to use this information to solve the problem properly. However, problem solving skills of college students did not differ in terms of heuristics, procedural and conceptual knowledge. Furthermore, the study showed that the most commonly used heuristics are making a model or diagram, using a formula, eliminating, and considering a simpler case. Relevant to this, the study recommended that Mathematics faculty should develop effective measures to enhance problem solving skills of the students such as integration of heuristics in teaching Mathematics problem solving and more exposure to non-routine problems.
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American Journal of Educational Research. 2017, 5(3), 338-343. DOI: 10.12691/education-5-3-16
Pub. Date: April 05, 2017
10558 Views2393 Downloads1 Likes
Estimating Vulnerability in Promoting Inclusive Education in the Philippines
Original Research
Inclusive education ensures that all children have access to an appropriate, relevant, affordable and effective education within their community. Yet, inclusive education is found difficult to build in poorer developing countries. The study looked into the challenges of inclusiveness for teacher education along policy, curriculum, materials, and methodology of State Universities and Colleges (SUCs) in the Philippines offering teacher education programs to estimate their vulnerability. Descriptive survey method of research was employed with the aid of questionnaire checklist which was administered to 89 Deans of the College of Teacher Education of SUCs in the country. Principal component analysis model was obtained and used to determine the coefficients of resilience and vulnerability indices. The study revealed that teacher education institutions in the country were intensely vulnerable in the challenges on policy, curriculum, materials, and methodology. This necessitates that inclusive education policy should be part of the broader dynamics and processes of the policy-making body. Teachers should be learning about, experiencing, and practicing inclusive approaches to teaching and learning throughout their professional development to promoting inclusive education. The needs to be matching revision of the materials used in teacher education programs should be seen essential, and inclusive teaching methodology should be intrinsically linked to and mutually supportive of inclusive curricula.
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American Journal of Educational Research. 2017, 5(3), 332-337. DOI: 10.12691/education-5-3-15
Pub. Date: March 31, 2017
11302 Views2666 Downloads
Impact of STEM Professionals as Teachers on Student Perception
Original Research
The goal of our work is to assess student perception to STEM careers skills when in the presence of scientists in the classroom. Our school has several doctorate level scientists who have become full time teachers and who design content based on their careers as scientists. We are interested in measuring the impact of these teachers who infuse their curriculum with genuine experience and content relevance.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2017, 5(3), 324-331. DOI: 10.12691/education-5-3-14
Pub. Date: March 30, 2017
7751 Views2061 Downloads
Development of Student Accountability in a Project-based Learning Environment
Original Research
In this paper, we propose an approach to development of student accountability for study of a subject in a PBL environment through its specific organization by a teacher. It allows to include process of developing accountability of students for PBL to accountability area of a teacher. Accountability of the students for PBL is developed by a seven-step process for the specific organization of the PBL environment. The steps are preparing the sample-project, setting initial knowledge assessments, ensuring study of a subject by a class through performance of the sample-project, promoting self-formation of collaborative student groups for performing projects of different levels of complexity, adapting PBL to knowledge dynamics of students by setting the adaptive assessments of knowledge, sustaining collaborative performance of the project tasks, and measuring student accountability. The stages of development of student accountability for PBL conformed to the steps of organizing the PBL environment are determined. The stages are engendering concern about the need to take accountability for studying the subject matter in the PBL environment, motivating students to take accountability for acquiring the subject-relevant knowledge while performance of the sample-project, the habituation of students to take accountability for study of a subject through performing a sample-project, inducing and guiding of students to take accountability for collaborative performance of projects of different levels of complexity, stimulating students to hold accountability for collaborative performance of the projects, reinforcing student accountability for collaborative performance of the project tasks, and evaluating development of student accountability and a level of accountability skills.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2017, 5(3), 316-323. DOI: 10.12691/education-5-3-13
Pub. Date: March 29, 2017
8602 Views2292 Downloads
Students Development during Intensive Practical Work in Schools for the New "ACADEMIA–CLASS" Training Program
Original Research
The research's aim was to focus on 8 students teachers during the first year of implementation of the "Academia-Class" program, (attached to schools for three days per week instead of one day) and are full partners in the work of the classroom teachers. The research findings reveal satisfaction on the part of the schools and the students teachers with the inventiveness and variety displayed by the students teachers in the classes, their considerable acquaintance with various pupils and the progress achieved by the pupils. The collaboration created between the cooperating teachers and the students teachers are still superficial at this stage.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2017, 5(3), 296-302. DOI: 10.12691/education-5-3-10
Pub. Date: March 20, 2017
6827 Views2646 Downloads
Tata at a Crossroads
Case Study
The case is about one of the leading business houses in India, the Tata Group, which is known for its ethical leadership and was well known for its corporate social responsibility. Under the leadership of Mr. Tata, this legacy passed to the next level and Tata’s business flourished globally through acquisitions. When Mr. Mistry replaced Mr. Tata, he took a different approach of divestment. On October 24, 2016, Cyrus Mistry was removed as the chairman of the $100- billion Tata Group unexpectedly and re-appointed Ratan Tata as the chairman for an interim term of four months. This case study is about Ratan Tata, Cyrus Mistry and the different leadership in the Tata Group. It discusses how Ratan Tata restructured the Tata Sons business and developed the company subsequently. Mr. Tata transformed Tata from a struggling unit into one of the most successful and profitable companies in the world by revamping the operations of Tata Steel and made it one of the lowest cost steel producers in the world. He retired at the age of 75 and Mr. Mistry became the chairman of Tata. Apart from being the Tata Sons chairman, Mr. Mistry had also become the chairman of Tata Steel, Tata Motors, TCS, Tata Power, Indian Hotels, and Tata Global Beverages, the verticals of Tata Sons. He was a hard decision maker, which puts Tata into the red. Tata Family was unhappy at Mr. Mistry's policy of looking to sell off parts of the business rather than holding on to assets and extending the firm's global reach. In 2016, Mr. Cyrus was asked to step down within four years.
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American Journal of Educational Research. 2017, 5(3), 284-295. DOI: 10.12691/education-5-3-9
Pub. Date: March 16, 2017
11628 Views3583 Downloads
The Effect of Problem Based Learning (PBL) Model and Self Regulated Learning (SRL) toward Physics Problem Solving Ability (PSA) of Students at Senior High School
Original Research
This study aimed to analyze whether student’s Problem Solving Ability that learned using Problem Based Learning Model better than conventional learning, to analyze whether student’s Problem Solving Ability who have above average of Self Regulated Learning better then students who have below the average Self Regulated Learning, and to analyze interaction between Problem Based Learning and conventional learning using Self Regulated Learning in improving students' Problem Solving Ability. This research is a quasi-experimental design with two group pretest posttest design. The study population were all students of class XI SMAN 13 Medan academic year 2015/2016 and the sample was grade XI IPA 3 and 5 selected by simple random sampling. The data were analyzed by two ways ANOVA. The results showed that: (1) student’s Problem Solving Ability that learned using Problem Based Learning Model was better than the conventional learning, (2) Problem Solving Ability groups of students who have above average Self Regulated Learning is better than the students who have below average Self Regulated Learning, and (3) there was an interaction between Problem Based Learning Model and conventional learning using Self Regulated Learning in influencing students' Problem Solving Ability.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2017, 5(3), 279-283. DOI: 10.12691/education-5-3-8
Pub. Date: March 15, 2017
12082 Views4503 Downloads1 Likes
Perception of Road Safety in Children's Environment
Original Research
Recent evidence has shown that children constitute a key population group regarding traffic accidents, being consequences of crashes involving children a major factor affecting their physical and mental integrity and welfare. Furthermore, it has been also stated that if children perceive existing risks on their environment in an accurate manner, probably their safety outcomes will be better than those registered in the long term by children who does not recognize some potential hazards. For this reason, it becomes relevant the task to study the perceptions related to road safety in the children’s environment, both for them as from their parents, who are their primary caregivers and companions on their daily trips. The central objective of this study was to describe the factors related to the perception of road safety in the children's environment and how different environmental factors affect it, from the perspective of children and their parents. As results, it was found that almost 70% of children feel safe when they circulate by their city as pedestrians; on the other hand, but 13% of them perceives this scenario as quite unsafe. The main reasons for perceiving road environment as unsafe were the amount of traffic (40%), disrespect for traffic rules (31%), and road insecurity in general (20%). On the other hand, small-size of cities (33%), good status of road safety (28%) and little traffic (20%) are associated to a safe perception of cities or towns. It has been also observed that children usually perceive safety in their environment when favorable measures for pedestrian are implemented, such as the case of pedestrian crossings, semaphores and broader sidewalks. In many cases, children perceive environments as safe spaces, but there are many environmental elements and factors related to road traffic that must be addressed by public agencies to improve both the safety perception as objective road safety for children.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2017, 5(3), 273-278. DOI: 10.12691/education-5-3-7
Pub. Date: March 15, 2017
9974 Views3127 Downloads
The Effect in the Action of the Professor and the Problems in the Development of Abstract Reasoning in Future Teachers
Original Research
Abstract reasoning is an important ability to understand science and mathematics concepts. The aim has been to increase this ability by means of mathematic problems and cooperative learning. This experiment has been carried out with six groups: the students have to do some mathematics problems. In the control groups, there was no aid from the professor, and in the experimental groups the professor solved any existing doubt. A pretest and posttest was done in order to consider if the professor's teaching had caused any difference. The results showed that the problems produced a gain and the intervention of the professor increased the gain in the experimental groups.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2017, 5(3), 267-272. DOI: 10.12691/education-5-3-6
Pub. Date: March 14, 2017
7072 Views1523 Downloads2 Likes
Learning Disabilities among Greek Adolescents: Differences between First and Follow-up Attendance
Original Research
Learning disorders start early and very often affect people throughout their lives. A number of previous studies in Greece showed that adolescents are more frequently presented with learning difficulties than younger children. At the same time, learning disorders are very often co-morbid with other mental health disorders and conditions. The aim of our study was to investigate the hypothesis that the age of referral may be indicative of the clinical significance of learning difficulties and to assess the co-morbidity of learning disorders with other mental health problems. We conducted a retrospective study of the medical records of all children and adolescents, who have been referred due to learning difficulties to an outpatient child and adolescent psychiatric service n Greece, over a period of two years. Among 390 adolescents, who have been referred to the unit, 330 adolescents (84.61%) have been referred due to learning difficulties. There were statistically significant differences between first-attenders (N1=174) and those with a history of previous attendance (N2=156). Learning disorders were very often co-morbid with a number of mental health conditions, especially with emotional and behavior disorders. In our study the age of first referral due to learning disorders appeared to be a significant factor in relation to clinical significance. The high co-morbidity of learning difficulties with other psychiatric conditions shows that therapeutic programs should also include various forms of psychotherapeutic support.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2017, 5(3), 262-266. DOI: 10.12691/education-5-3-5
Pub. Date: March 10, 2017
7458 Views2603 Downloads1 Likes
Examination of STEM Education Program Using a Growth Test on Komatsuna
Original Research
This paper examines the Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) educational program using various growth tests on Komatsuna. An experiment was conducted to prove a hypothesis, and to determine the effectiveness and benefits of the most suitable soil to grow Komatsuna. The experiment included using 14 compartments with different components of soil mixing wood-based compost. As a result of the analysis and findings, it is proposed that growth tests could be part of the STEM education program. The research proved the hypothesis by conducting tests repeatedly to show the growth of Komatsuna.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2017, 5(3), 256-261. DOI: 10.12691/education-5-3-4
Pub. Date: March 08, 2017
11331 Views2140 Downloads1 Likes
Research on Mathematical Methods of Basic Laws of Education
Original Research
Since ancient times, education is a kind of social practice of "the educating people and the cultivating talents", its basic aim is to cultivate useful people for society, there its own objective regularity. This paper applies mathematical function to the study of basic laws of education, “The basic law curve of life growth education" is put forward for the first time, in the paper also to give a comprehensive description and functional analysis of the basic law curve of life growth education. According to the function analysis of “the basic law curve of life growth education”, it can provide useful reference for setting the emphases of education in different growth stages of life.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2017, 5(3), 251-255. DOI: 10.12691/education-5-3-3
Pub. Date: March 06, 2017
7182 Views2153 Downloads1 Likes
Effect of Realistic Mathematics Education (RME) Approach and Initial Ability of Students to the Problem Solving Ability of Class 4thStudent
Original Research
This study aims to determine the effect of the approach and Conventional approach and initial ability of students to the problem solving ability of students of Elementary School. This research was conducted in the fourth grade Elementary School 07 Metro City. The study is designed using analysis of variance 2 lanes. The results of this study were (1) the difference in mathematical problem solving abilities of elementary school students who learn to use the Realistic Mathematics Education (RME) approach among students who studied using conventional approach. (2) The interaction between the learning approach and students' initial ability to problem-solving ability Mathematics of Elementary School Students. (3) Ability to problem solving Mathematics Elementary School students between students learning by using the Realistic Mathematics Education (RME) approach which have high initial capability is higher than the students who learn using conventional approach that have high initial ability. (4) The ability of Mathematics problem solving of elementary school students between the students learn to use the Realistic Mathematics Education (RME) approach which has a lower initial ability is lower than the students who learn using conventional approaches that have lower initial ability.
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American Journal of Educational Research. 2017, 5(3), 246-250. DOI: 10.12691/education-5-3-2
Pub. Date: March 06, 2017
10224 Views3316 Downloads
Female Sociology as Academic Discipline
Original Research
Mary Jo Deegan investigates the early women sociologists position in sociology and in ASA organisation. Sister’s founders in sociology are as a coin term formed by Mary Jo Deegan, in order to explain marginalisation of female stream sociological theory, as irrational. The origin of female exclusion in theory, in the work of the ecofeminist Eislar Rian Ecofeminist manifesto can be traced in following notions that the social system of Minoan period of rule on Greek island Crete, was the only true democracy. The Athenian democracy was the rule of free aristocratic males. Women and slaves (man and women of other color) were marginalized and excluded from public sphere. Only free males were subject to obligation of public speeches as a mark of true citizen. Patricia Shipley holds that Aristotle's scripts on social system represent the origin of misogyny and subordination of women, especially binary divisions: Femininity / masculinity, Nature / Culture, Emotion / Ratio, Subordination / Dominance, Logic of care/Logic of dominance, Pain /Pleasure. Small Albion advocates the doctrine of seperate spheres beliving that men and women are different distinctly. The fameous question raised by female sociologists, was Can sociology become science of society, rather than science of male society. This research paper is focusing on empirical investigation of results of malestream sociological theory being thaught at the Universities, in order to emphasize the importance of female sociology as academic discipline
American Journal of Educational Research. 2017, 5(3), 241-245. DOI: 10.12691/education-5-3-1
Pub. Date: February 28, 2017
12176 Views3314 Downloads