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Volume 4, Issue 18

An Assessment of Grade 8 Geometry Teaching Guide of the K to 12 Basic Education Program Based on Van Hiele Model of Geometric Thinking and Department of Education’s Standards
Original Research
Using the descriptive method of research, this study focused on the assessment of the Grade 8 geometry teaching guide of the K to 12 Basic Education Program based on the van Hiele model of geometric thinking and Department of Education’s standards. The four modules of the teaching guide namely: Reasons Behind Reasoning, Triangle Congruence, Inequalities in Triangles, and Parallelism and Perpendicularity were assessed vis-a-vis the levels of thinking: Level 0 (Visualization/Recognition), Level 1 (Analysis), Level 2 (Ordering), Level 3 (Formal Deduction) and Level 4 (Rigor). The learning competencies, instructional activities and assessment tasks were classified according to the levels. Frequencies and percent values were used to analyze the presence of the levels in the teaching guide. In assessing the consistencies, as well as the presence of some features necessary for geometric instruction, DepEd’s levels of assessment or the Knowledge, Process, Understanding and Products (KPUP) framework was used. It was found out that in terms of the model, the teaching guide bordered on Analysis, Ordering and Formal Deduction. Recognition, and Rigor were given less emphasis in the teaching guide. The guide is commendable for the comprehensive presentation of relevant learning activities and its tendency towards the development of higher order thinking skills. However, there were inconsistencies in the use of the DepEd’s KPUP model. It is recommended that the DepEd may consider the use of the model as a framework to develop the teaching guide’s components. It is also recommended that future researchers consider results of the instruction based on students’ van Hiele levels of thinking.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2016, 4(18), 1281-1284. DOI: 10.12691/education-4-18-6
Pub. Date: December 06, 2016
11314 Views4805 Downloads2 Likes
Comparative Analysis of National and International Approaches and Acuities of Child Labour Within UK, USA, India and Pakistan
Original Research
The work was an attempt to comparatively analyzed a national and international approaches and acuities of child labour within UK, USA, India and Pakistan because legislative authority or legislation helps to a significant range and fundamental raison prevent is convicted for the child labour problem. It was a qualitative study and through thematic analysis and purposive sampling technique, child labour was elaborated in this study. It was found in this study that the member states of the International Labour Organization signed International Child Labour Treaty on 16th June 1999 in Geneva and the United States Senate also ratified Child Labour Treaty and it came into force on 19th November 2000. In India, The New Deal programs focus on regulation that consists of child labour standards, maximum working hours, fair wages, etc. And in United Kingdom for the protection of children, ensuring them the basic rights in large number of laws and in dangerous labour prohibits the use and exploitation of children, while in Pakistan, after the 18th Amendment it has become the responsibility of Provincial Government that is empowered to make the legislation and executive jurisdiction over the matter of labour.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2016, 4(18), 1271-1280. DOI: 10.12691/education-4-18-5
Pub. Date: December 06, 2016
6947 Views2601 Downloads3 Likes
Increasing Reading Comprehension Ability through Visualizing Media of 4th Grader Students at Labschool Primary School Setiabudi South Jakarta
Original Research
The objective of this research is to investigate whether the implementation of visualizing Media can increase students’ reading comprehension ability at the fourth grade students of Labschool Primary School Setiabudi South Jakarta. The strategy was applied by having students to draw their visualizations on the provided storyboarding worksheet while reading a simple text. This is the Classroom Action Research that was conducted in two cycles according the model of Kemmis and Taggart. This model describes into a spiral consist of planning, acting, observing, reflecting and replaning. Subject of this research were 22 fourth grader students from Labschool Primary School Setiabudi South Jakarta. The data were collected through test instrument to measure students’ level of reading comprehension. There was also record the activity of teacher and student in class to test the efficacy of visualizing strategy in a teaching environment including teacher and students’ activities. The instruments have been validated by expert judgement. The result of this research is a significant increase in reading comprehension ability score after the application of visualizing strategy. In cycle 1, percentage of students who scored ≥ 70 are only 63, 6% whereas in cycle 2 the score increased to 95,4%. The increment in students’ grade of reading comprehension ability is a direct result of the implementation of visualizing strategy’s efficacy which also increased from 65, 8% to 93, 3%.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2016, 4(18), 1265-1270. DOI: 10.12691/education-4-18-4
Pub. Date: November 30, 2016
8569 Views2303 Downloads3 Likes
Pervasive Mobile Learning System in the New Millennium
Original Research
This paper presents a new approach in the localization of student in the class. This paper reviews the evolution of learning technologies in general and recent advances in mobile learning and pervasive learning in particular. In this work, we aim to study, model and simulate an ambient mobile system based on intelligent agents for the Mobile learning (M- learning). The mobile agent concept is not based on the traditional client-server model, but on distributed executive models. The mobile agent concept is not based on the traditional client-server model, but on distributed executive models. In our work we proceed as follows: first, we introduce the scope and the genesis of our research, second, we hold out the related works, afterwards, we present our system model for the M-learning and an overview of the system implementation, and finally we conclude our work and give some perspectives.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2016, 4(18), 1257-1264. DOI: 10.12691/education-4-18-3
Pub. Date: November 29, 2016
13123 Views3098 Downloads1 Likes
The Effects of Training on Computational Fluency and Working Memory on Students’ Achievement and Retention in Algebra
Original Research
Many students, despite a good understanding of mathematical concepts, are hindered by simple calculations. Recent cognitive researches claimed that working memory which is the limited capacity system of the brain that allows simultaneous storage and processing of temporary information may be improved through trainings and, consequently, improved mathematics performance. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of the dual task training on computational fluency with a load of working memory task compared to the traditional basic mathematics drill on the students’ achievement and retention in high school algebra. This research made use of two randomly chosen intact groups of fourth year high school students who were given both pretest and posttest using three validated instruments. A 3-week follow-up test was administered to assess algebra retention. This study found that the students who received the dual task training have significantly higher gains in their computational fluency and working memory ability. However, both groups were comparable in terms of their algebra achievement and retention after the 6-week training. The computational fluency was also found to be a predictor of the students’ achievement and retention in algebra. Thus, the working memory training has no direct effect on the students’ algebra achievement but mediated the effect of computational fluency. A longer and uninterrupted experimental period is recommended for further studies with a focus on binary number tasks as this was found to predict computational fluency.
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American Journal of Educational Research. 2016, 4(18), 1249-1256. DOI: 10.12691/education-4-18-2
Pub. Date: November 28, 2016
14876 Views3195 Downloads
Cultivating Creative Thinking – Reform on Teaching Biopharmaceutical Process Course
Original Research
The course of Biopharmaceutical Process covers materials such as the biological drug’s originations, their properties, structures, applications, manufacturing principles, technological process and production methods. With the rapid development of life science, the amount and types of biological drugs keep increasing. As a result, we added new contents to our courses in order to catch up with industry changes. We created a three-level progressive teaching method where the three levels corroborate each other. We help students gain the ability to understand basic principles, the ability to apply, and the ability to innovate and conduct scientific research. We also reformed the teaching method by adding lab examples and enabling online learning. The multi-faceted approach improves students' comprehensive ability and innovation desires. It also prepares our students to better meet the increasing demand of the biopharmaceutical industry.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2016, 4(18), 1245-1248. DOI: 10.12691/education-4-18-1
Pub. Date: November 28, 2016
7756 Views2292 Downloads