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Volume 4, Issue 15

The Geometer’s Sketchpad: A Technological Tool Enhancing Junior High School Students’ Mathematics Achievement, Attitude towards Mathematics and Technology
Original Research
The objective of this study was to determine the effect on the levels of junior high school students’ attitude towards mathematics and technology as well as their mathematics achievement after being exposed to geometry activities using the dynamic software, the Geometer’s Sketchpad. Data collected were analyzed using mean, percentage, standard deviation and t-test for paired observations. Results revealed that junior high school students’ attitude towards mathematics and technology gained a relative increase as influenced by the usage of the Geometer’s Sketchpad. Furthermore, the Geometer’s Sketchpad showed a positive impact on students’ achievement in Geometry as indicated in the increase of their posttest scores. The researcher then recommends that mathematics teachers may consider utilizing technological tools like the Geometer’s Sketchpad in discussing lessons in Geometry and other mathematics subjects to improve not only their students’ mathematics achievement but also for students’ attitude towards mathematics and technology.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2016, 4(15), 1116-1119. DOI: 10.12691/education-4-15-10
Pub. Date: October 11, 2016
10401 Views3104 Downloads
Mathematics and Science Student Teachers’ Perceptions of Their Classroom Management Practices during Practicum: A Case of Copperbelt University Students
Original Research
A Classroom is a formal interactive environment in which a teacher and pupil engage in the process of teaching and learning. The quality of teaching and learning in the classroom is influenced by the teachers’ ability to ensure effective classroom management. The purpose of this study was to investigate the Copperbelt University Mathematics and Science Education student teachers’ perception of their classroom management practices. In addition the study sought to investigate student teachers perception of their challenges in classroom management practices and to examine gender differences on the student teachers’ perceptions of their classroom management practices during the practicum. The study was undertaken with the students doing practicum in secondary schools in the nine provinces of Zambia. A mixed methods research design was used in the study. The sample comprised 112 Mathematics and Science Education student teachers on practicum. Focus group discussion and a questionnaire were used to collect data. Findings of the study show that student teachers had positive perceptions of their classroom management practices and that the practicum profoundly influenced their classroom management practices. Student teachers discovered that effective classroom management required proper planning and implementation of the plans and to handle pupils as individuals. Secondly student teachers perceived that they had several challenges in their classroom management during the practicum. These challenges included handling large classes, poor infrastructure, pupil indiscipline and lack of teaching and learning materials. However in spite of the challenges they faced they learnt and managed to handle pupils in class, present lessons in a systematic and a coherent manner and ensure effective classroom management. The results further show that there was no significant difference between male and female student teachers’ perceptions in the acquisition of classroom management skills.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2016, 4(15), 1106-1115. DOI: 10.12691/education-4-15-9
Pub. Date: October 11, 2016
11416 Views3385 Downloads2 Likes
Errors in the Translation of Discourse Markers from English into Persian in Movie Subtitles
Original Research
Discourse markers are a part of language which are much neglected in the Persian language although they play a very important role in our daily conversations. This study aims at researching and investigating errors which occurr in the translation of discourse markers (DMs) from English into Persian in the subtitles of drama movies. To conduct this study, five movies were chosen. Each individual movie was selected from a single decade from 1970 onward. After the selection of the movies, six commonly used DMs which were mentioned in [6] were searched and obtained by the aid of computer softwares (AntConc© And adobe acrobat reader™). These DMs were categorized based on their functions in the original work. The obtained DMs in this study were analyzed carefully by the researcher and errors in translation were identified. The errors were categorized according to [6] model including omission, literal translation and translation by a different DM. The results and chi-square showed that omission is the most prevailing error made by Iranian translators in the translation of English subtitles into Persian followed by literal translation and translation to another DM. In today’s Persian language, using some expressions like midooni (I know), manzooram ineke (I mean) and etc. in today’s Persian language indicates that English DMs are being directly copied into Persian which may cause interference.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2016, 4(15), 1100-1105. DOI: 10.12691/education-4-15-8
Pub. Date: October 10, 2016
11152 Views3627 Downloads
The Integration of the Multiple Intelligence Theory into the Early Childhood Curriculum
Original Research
The study explored the position of administrators, teachers and parents on integrating the multiple intelligences theory (MI) into the early childhood curriculum (prekindergarten to third grade). Results revealed that overall administrators would not change anything in the multiple intelligences integration. They described the teaching effectiveness as very good. The teachers reported the integration as being an ongoing learning experience that was exciting and fun. Although, the teachers would like more time to plan and execute the MI integration into the curriculum. The parents revealed the MI integration as a great concept that allows the students to display their “smarts”. And they indicated that their children liked the MI integration in particular by allowing them to create their own projects. Findings from administrators, teachers, and parents revealed satisfaction with the integration of MI into the curriculum and in particular, the demonstration of respecting how students use different learning styles. The integration revealed enhancement of students’ strengths and love for the MI experience.
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American Journal of Educational Research. 2016, 4(15), 1096-1099. DOI: 10.12691/education-4-15-7
Pub. Date: October 09, 2016
11483 Views6188 Downloads
Spiritual Intelligence and the Differences among Gifted and Non-gifted Students, According to Gender and Class Level
Original Research
This study aimed to recognize the spiritual intelligence level and the differences among gifted and non-gifted students, in Jordan, according to gender and class level, this study sample consisted of (556) male and female students, (226) of them are gifted, selected from King Abdullah II schools for excellence, (300) of them are non-gifted, selected from Al-Zarqaa governorate schools, and the sample were distributed into two groups: the intermediate level and the secondary level, during the first semester of the year (2015/2016), the gifted were selected intentionally as they achieved the certified excellence criteria, while the non-gifted students s were selected randomly, and the spiritual intelligence scale was applied on them -that prepared and developed by (Al- Dabee) on the Arabic environment. The study results indicated the following: -The spiritual intelligence level was high among the gifted and non-gifted students. -There are statistically significant differences of spiritual intelligence level; due to (gifted/non-gifted) students' achievement, and the differences were in favour of gifted students. -There are statistically significant differences of the educational level variable among gifted and non-gifted students, and the differences were in favour of the secondary level. -There are no statistically significant differences of gender variable among gifted and non-gifted students.-There are no statistically significant differences due to the interaction between gender and educational level among gifted students, except meditation in the universe, and the differences were in favour of females in the primary level, and in favour of males in the secondary level. -There are no differences due to the interaction between gender and educational level among non-gifted students in all spiritual intelligence domains, except spiritual practice domain, and the differences were in favour of females in the higher primary level.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2016, 4(15), 1086-1095. DOI: 10.12691/education-4-15-6
Pub. Date: September 30, 2016
11553 Views2719 Downloads2 Likes
Effects of Phonological Awareness Training on the Reading Performance of Children with Dyslexia in Primary Schools in Maiduguri Metropolis, Borno State, Nigeria
Original Research
The study determined the effects of training in phonological awareness skills on the reading performance of children with dyslexia in primary schools in Maiduguri Metropolis. Two hypotheses, which sought to determine the significant effects of phonological awareness training on reading performance of children with dyslexia and the significant effect of sex on the intervention guided the study. The design of the study is quasi-experiment. A sample of 15 (8 boys and 7 girls) primary two pupils, purposefully selected in a private school, participated in the study. Phonological Awareness Skills Test (PAST), with Cronbach Alpha Coefficient reliability of 0.87, was used to give intervention on four phonological awareness skills - word identification, word deletion, word blending and word rhyming for 8 weeks, while a reading passage (Cloze test) was used to determine the reading levels of the participants before and after the intervention. Simple percentage and t-test were used to analyze the data at 0.05 level of significance. The results revealed that the training in phonological awareness skills significantly improved the reading performance of the children with dyslexia. However, there is no significant effect of sex on the intervention. Universities and colleges of education should give students specializing in English Language training in handling dyslexia to enable them indentify children with dyslexia in their classes and attend to their needs in their teaching in view of the move towards inclusive education.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2016, 4(15), 1078-1085. DOI: 10.12691/education-4-15-5
Pub. Date: September 27, 2016
10350 Views3308 Downloads
Educate and Philosophize at Yearbooks of EPENN’S Working Group 17 (WG17)
Original Research
This work originated from a literature review focused on research questions regarding philosophy of education in the Working Group 17 (WG17) annual report of the Educational Researchers Meeting of North and Northeast in Brazil (EPENN) held every two years at the universities of the North and Northeast of Brazil. Firstly, it will make an outline of themes to present an image of philosophy that relates more to education than an imposition to substantiate or think over education. Hence, philosophies appear connected to problems that came from education, schools or pedagogical situations. Afterwards, it will discuss two papers in which the authors present a philosophical rest on cultural experiences such as Brazilian afro-descendent and Amazon cabobla culture which attempts to create an alternative image of philosophy to discuss educational experiences beyond the wall of schools. Finally, it introduces the argument in favor to consider the WG17 as ‘events’ between education and philosophies, and suggest hypothetical paths to continue studies on philosophy of education.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2016, 4(15), 1072-1077. DOI: 10.12691/education-4-15-4
Pub. Date: September 26, 2016
6206 Views2055 Downloads3 Likes
Scoring on Multiple-Choice Test and Achievement Motivation on Geography Learning Outcomes
Original Research
This research aims to determine the effect of scoring on multiple-choice test and achievement motivation on geography learning outcomes. The research used an experimental method with treatment by level 3 x 2 design. Scoring on a multiple choice test is as treatment, achievement motivation is as variable of attributes and geography learning outcomes are as the dependent variable. Research sample consists of students of class XI-IIS 3 SMA N 30 Jakarta, students of class XI-IIS 1 SMA N 77 Jakarta and students of class XI-IIS 1 SMA N 05 Jakarta determined by cluster random sampling with 72 respondents (students). Analysis technique used a two way anava to test the main effect and interaction effect. Based on the research results, reward score and punishment score are more effective in improving the student’s learning outcomes than the correct score. In giving a multiple-choice test, reward score and punishment score can be used as scoring prioritized, especially in students who have high achievement motivation, while correct score can be used as scoring prioritized, especially in students who have low achievement motivation.
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American Journal of Educational Research. 2016, 4(15), 1068-1071. DOI: 10.12691/education-4-15-3
Pub. Date: September 22, 2016
8181 Views3375 Downloads81 Likes
The Attitude of Health Educators towards their Role as Teaching Professionals in Tertiary Institutions in Southeast Nigeria
Original Research
The teaching profession is a noble profession that requires a well-defined attitude from the professionals in educational institutions. The study determined the attitude of health educators towards their role as teaching professionals in tertiary institutions in Southeast Nigeria. The study was guided by five research questions and four null hypotheses. Relevant literature was reviewed and properly documented. The study was based on the descriptive survey research method. Two hundred and fifty health educators constituted the sample size. A five-point attitude scale questionnaire, and guided by an extensive literature review was used for data collection. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics involving mean score, standard deviation and t-Test statistical tools. The result showed that the attitude of health educators towards their role as teaching professionals in tertiary institutions in Southeast Nigeria is favourable. The study also revealed that the attitude of males, above 21 years of teaching experience, urban and higher degree health educators towards teaching profession is favourable while the attitude of females, with less than 21 years teaching experience, rural and first degree health educators is unfavourable. Statistically, it was found that significant differences exist between variables of the respondents. The study concluded that this paper in its modest and humble efforts has attempted to awaken the consciousness of health educators by establishing their attitude towards their role as teaching professionals in tertiary institutions. The favourable attitude exhibited by the health educators in the present study is an indication that all the training, programmes and prospects put in place for their professional development is satisfactorily serving its purposes and therefore buttressing the need for enhancement strategies for sustenance in achieving the goal of health education as a discipline and education at large.
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American Journal of Educational Research. 2016, 4(15), 1062-1067. DOI: 10.12691/education-4-15-2
Pub. Date: September 22, 2016
7548 Views2592 Downloads3 Likes
The Use of Learning Methods According to Students’ Characteristics to Improve Learning Outcomes in Science Subject on Fifth Grade Elementary School in Jakarta
Original Research
This study aims to determine improvement in student learning outcomes by using learning methods or approach to suit students’ characteristics in order to improve learning outcomes in science learning (Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam / IPA) on fifth grade elementary school students. The period of this study was eight months, from April to November 2014 at five elementary schools located in Jakarta. The study used Kemmis Taggart model, a class action research method which was developed by Suharsimi Arikunto. The implementation consisted of two cycles in which each cycle involved planning, implementation, observation, and reflection stage. Results showed that the science learning (Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam / IPA) was improved after learning process suited the students’ characteristic for fifth grade elementary school using the methods of Problem Based Learning, Discovery Learning, Project base Learning, Inquiry and Scientific Approach.
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American Journal of Educational Research. 2016, 4(15), 1057-1061. DOI: 10.12691/education-4-15-1
Pub. Date: September 09, 2016
9696 Views3815 Downloads3 Likes