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Volume 4, Issue 11

Exploring the Quality of Learning of Integrated Fader-based Domain at Department of Islamic Religious Education of Teacher Training and Tarbiya Faculty Iain Pontianak
Special Issue
This research aims to explore the quality of learning of integrated FADER-based domain at the Department of Islamic Religious Education (PAI) at the Teacher Training and Tarbiya Faculty (FTIK) State Institute of Islamic Studies (IAIN) Pontianak. Specifically the goals are formulated based the research questions, i.e. to explore: 1) the quality of learning prior to treatment of integrated FADER-based domain; 2) the quality of learning of integrated FADER-based domain in the control class; 3) the quality of learning of integrated domain in the class that received treatment; 4) the level of differences in the quality of learning of integrated FADER-based domain in the control class and the class that received treatment. The method used in this research was the True Experimental Design) with qualitative-quantitative approaches abbreviated to TEDQ2. TEDQ2 is a study conducted to two groups, one as the treatment group and the other as a control. Class A served as a control class and Class C received the treatment. The objects of the study were 78 students. The control class consisted of 39 studentse (23 males and 16 females) and the treatment class consisted of 39 people (17 males and 22 females). The data collection tools used in this research were observation, interviews, group discussions, and documentation. The process of data analysis was conduted in two stages. First, the analysis was carried out in the field at the start of data collection which consisted of 1) checking, 2) organizing, and 3) coding. Second, after the data were collected: 1) meaning, 2) interpretative, and 3) conclusion. Research findings showed that the indicator of integrative FADER-based domain in the class that received treatment had a higher quality than the control class as a whole. Finally, it is recommended that based on the findings the integrated FADER-based domain learning quality is necessary to be applied in order to improve the quality of learning holistically especially on the subject of Islamic Religious Education (PAI).
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American Journal of Educational Research. 2016, 4(11), 847-853. DOI: 10.12691/education-4-11-11
Pub. Date: July 22, 2016
11926 Views3814 Downloads5 Likes
Staff Perception on Conflict Management Strategies in Tertiary Institutions of Adamawa State, Nigeria
Special Issue
Wherever there are people there is bound to be conflict due to their differences in all aspects in life. It is a well known fact that no two individuals are the same even identical twins. In a work situation people of different educational, professional, cultural and psychological background are employed to work hand in hand for the achievement of the organizations objective. As a result of these differences, conflict due occurs and conflict management becomes paramount. This paper therefore dwells on the perception of staff on the conflict management strategies and approaches used in Adamawa state tertiary institutions. The findings indicate that educational managers in these institutions make use of integrating, competing, compromising, smoothing and avoiding as conflict management techniques among their subjects. However, in managing these conflicts, the educational managers gives consideration to the level of trust among conflicting parties, the time and situation of the conflict as indicated by the mean score of 3.7 to 4.1.The paper recommends that educational managers should be careful in selecting the conflict management strategies for settling disputes among their staff.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2016, 4(11), 840-846. DOI: 10.12691/education-4-11-10
Pub. Date: July 20, 2016
11067 Views4341 Downloads
Attitude of College Teachers towards Teaching Profession
Special Issue
The holiest place on the earth is not a Temple or a Church or a Mosque but a School. The sacred person in the world is not a Priest or a Pope or a Moullabi but a Teacher. Teacher was compared to a God and treated as a combination of the Trimurty (Brahma, Vishnu and Maheswar) as well as the supreme one i.e., “Guru Brahma, Guru Bishnu, Gurudeb Maheswar, Guru Sakhat Paramabrahma Tasmeisri Gurabe Namah”. According to the Indian culture a child receives his first physical birth from the parents and the second birth of the hands of the teacher. The teacher is given a higher position than parents, because he opines the pupil’s eyes of knowledge and moulds his character. Teacher plays an important role as friend, philosopher guide and helper of the student. The society places high hopes on a teacher. Keeping the importance of Teaching Profession an attempt has made through this study by the investigators to know the attitude of College teachers towards Teaching Profession in Cooch Behar District of West Bengal. The present study was based on survey method, particularly, the normative survey research method. One hundred eighty teachers (both male and female) teaching in Social and General Science streams were taken as representative sample of the whole population. An attitude scale was used for collecting the data. The means of both groups were tested for significance of difference by using ‘CR’ test. It was found that, the attitude of College teachers of Cooch Behar district of West Bengal is neither more favourable nor unfavourable towards Teaching Profession i.e., satisfactory or average in attitude towards Teaching Profession.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2016, 4(11), 834-839. DOI: 10.12691/education-4-11-9
Pub. Date: July 19, 2016
17948 Views5548 Downloads
RUSA: Our Nation’s Dream
Special Issue
Development of a knowledge economy is a prerequisite for the advancement of a society and a nation, at large. Though access and equity is important in education, it is quality of education that should be considered paramount. The Government of India put many steps to promote higher education after independence to provide the best education to its citizens. But even today, the higher education system as a whole is faced with many challenges. With relation to higher education in India, the introduction of RUSA (Rashtriya Uchchatar Shiksha Abhiyan) is one such flagship initiative which has emphasized upon access and quality. It is an endeavour towards providing better quality higher education in India. The scheme seems to address the most pertinent questions of Indian Higher Education, but for fulfilling our nation’s dream, its successful implementation is also required. The paper highlights the challenges present in higher education, various recommendations and RUSA’s strategies for achieving our goals.
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American Journal of Educational Research. 2016, 4(11), 828-833. DOI: 10.12691/education-4-11-8
Pub. Date: July 19, 2016
9347 Views3356 Downloads
Academic Memories of School
Original Research
The current study, based in the autobiographical memory paradigm, was conducted to extend knowledge of academic recollections about school subjects. Undergraduates (N=195) were directed to recall memories about Language Arts, Social Studies, Math, Science, Physical Education, and Music/Art. In contrast to prior research where reported memories of school tended to focus on social components, the present study used prompts to provide a framework that focused on academic memories. Positive and Negative Learning Experiences were reported more frequently than Positive and Negative Teacher Behaviors, Interpersonal Experiences, or Recognition. Math was the only content area where Negative Learning Experiences were most often reported. A recency effect was evident for memories of different school subjects. Extremely pleasant recollections were frequently reported in all school subjects. No gender differences were observed.
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American Journal of Educational Research. 2016, 4(11), 817-827. DOI: 10.12691/education-4-11-7
Pub. Date: July 18, 2016
11417 Views4069 Downloads
Contribution of Online Peer Review to Effectiveness of EFL Writing
Original Research
Since the 1990’s, the online peer review has held the growing amount of attentions and has turned into a research focus for global educational experts and language professionals. However, there are very limited studies worked on the part of online peer review. In this paper, we stressed on the effectiveness of online peer review on improving EFL writing among Chinese undergraduates. Two groups are picked as the experimental group and the control group respectively, the conclusion was made on the basis of carefully collected data and qualitative- quantitative methods. The results proved that the online peer review contributed to the effectiveness for college students’ writing performance. Admittedly, our research has deficiencies in both width and depth of processing and analysis. More efforts are expected to carried on the afterward exploration.
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American Journal of Educational Research. 2016, 4(11), 811-816. DOI: 10.12691/education-4-11-6
Pub. Date: July 16, 2016
13375 Views3396 Downloads
An Empirical Study of Figurative Competence of Chinese EFL Learners
Original Research
Figurative language, which has drawn increasing attention from applied linguists over the decade, plays an indispensable role in language learning and proves particularly challenging for language learners. However, few attempts have been made to thoroughly investigate learners’ difficulties with figurative language so far. This paper aims to investigate, through an exploratory study involving a cohort of 63 subjects, Chinese EFL learners’ knowledge of figurative language, their difficulties as well as the sources of their difficulties. The learners took an in-class quiz on figurative expressions motivated by three different cognitive mechanisms (i.e., metaphor, metonymy and world knowledge). All the data were analyzed in order to explore the overall patterns of the learners’ figurative competence, the differences between good and poor learners and the relationships between figurative competence and overall English proficiency. It is found that the learners had the least difficulty with figurative expressions based on metonymy, but the greatest difficulty with those based on world knowledge, that huge differences existed between good and poor learners in their figurative competence, that metonymy-motivated figurative competence was positively correlated with overall language proficiency, almost at the .05 significance level.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2016, 4(11), 806-810. DOI: 10.12691/education-4-11-5
Pub. Date: July 16, 2016
9807 Views3675 Downloads
A Study on Academic Appraisal Program: An Innovation towards Quality Assurance in Undergraduate Medical Education
Original Research
An efficient throughput process for an education environment is essential . Teaching learning is the key through-put process. For academic environment to be purposeful it has to be ensured that this remains relevant to the learner. The learning process involves critical steps, which should be safeguarded to ensure academic conduciveness. These can be the key objectives for any learning environment. If such objectives are benchmarked than they become standards .The best stakeholder to safe guard these standards would be the learner. Other stakeholders too participate and ensure the conduciveness through regular monitoring and reviews of the same. This is a quality management cycle. It is susceptible to failures, especially from the learner’s point of view, despite being guarded by other stakeholders. Despite this being so valuable there are not many quality assurance processes/programs which assures that such environment are preserved, sustained and enhanced, as perceived by learner, particularly in medical education. The Academic Appraisal Program is developed and implemented to assure that learning process has gone well. It unfolds in a standardised manner with active involvement of all. The learning objectives laid/set are met efficiently and effectively, maintaining core learning elements relevant to learner. It is a quality assurance activity, empowering learners to control the learning environment towards effective dispensations as meant & perceived by them. It has been able to identify key quality initiatives as quality preserved, sustained and enhanced for Teaching-Learning.
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American Journal of Educational Research. 2016, 4(11), 798-805. DOI: 10.12691/education-4-11-4
Pub. Date: July 16, 2016
13615 Views4002 Downloads
Utilization of Cloud Computing Application
Original Research
In this technology era, educational institution heavily avail the technology for teaching, learning and researching across the world. The aim of the study is to describe the development of Cloud Computing Application Scale for its use and to verify the Utilization of Cloud Computing Application among the postgraduate students. The sample of the study consists of 100 postgraduate students in face to face courses and the researcher adopted survey method for the data collection. Factor analysis and ‘t’ test were employed for selecting and finalizing the items. Finally the researcher framed the well prepared Utilization of Cloud Computing Application scale.
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American Journal of Educational Research. 2016, 4(11), 792-797. DOI: 10.12691/education-4-11-3
Pub. Date: July 15, 2016
14614 Views4725 Downloads1 Likes
Effect of Neurocognitive Intervention Strategies on Enhancing Teaching Competency among Graduate Teacher Trainees
Original Research
This research examined the effect of neurocognitive intervention strategies on enhancing teaching competency in pre-service graduate teacher trainees. The most important task of education for the future is to improve the professional competence of the teachers. Only competent teachers will be able to relate theoretical insight to practice and to improve teacher preparation (B.Ed. course) programme. They will be effective practitioners in their profession also. Teacher education seeks to develop such competencies in the prospective teachers, It intends to increase the ability of the teachers to deal with a range of individual differences. Teachers’ can facilitate a life time of successful learning by equipping students with a repertoire of strategies and tools for learning. Effective teaching depends upon the evolution of innovative strategies and also the methodology of teaching. As we gain a more scientifically based understanding about today’s novel brain and how it learns, we must rethink about what we do in the classroom and school. Neuro scientists are mapping the pathways between body and brain, providing tangible evidence of the benefits of hands-on, experimental learning. Neurocognitive process includes a number of human functions through neuronal networks. The present study is undertaken to enhance core teaching competencies through neurocognitive intervention strategies.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2016, 4(11), 785-791. DOI: 10.12691/education-4-11-2
Pub. Date: July 15, 2016
13015 Views4209 Downloads2 Likes
Researching the Specifics of an Educare Curriculum for Children Aged 6-36 Months Based on the Concept of Play/Playing
Original Research
Number of studies reports how the quality of childcare during the first three years affects children. They show the affect on a child's academic readiness for entering school as well as the long-term impact on child development. Valuable data is being missed that would help to ascertain the quality of childcare for children age 6-36 months in Slovakia. Slovakia also lacks curriculums geared towards infants and toddlers. The project is aimed at developing the concept of early childhood education and the creation of an educational program that takes into account the specifics of the development of children at an early age in Slovakia. In this paper we focus on autonomous play as one of the specifics of an educare curriculum. The project has significant methodological nature: qualitative methodology will be applied, which is desirable when examining subjects and their social activities. The project is based on the realization of research and development since the research will find subject elements and will develop the educational program. We will use observation and focus groups as a method for data collection. The authors will draft a curriculum for children of early age using action research conducted in the educational context.
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American Journal of Educational Research. 2016, 4(11), 777-784. DOI: 10.12691/education-4-11-1
Pub. Date: July 15, 2016
9640 Views3534 Downloads1 Likes