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Collapse <span class="m110 colortj mt20 fontw700">Volume 10 (2022)</span>Volume 10 (2022)
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Volume 3, Issue 5

Social Network, Social Trust and Shared-Goals towards Organizational-Knowledge Sharing
Original Research
This study ascertains that organizational-knowledge sharing is facilitated by social network, social trust and shared-goal in a culture of trust, cooperation and participation. Trust advancement and civil participation networks facilitate relationship and reinforce existing information about trust of people. Individuals move closer to each other in social ceremonies by doing the same behaviors. This concordance leads to trust and confidence and high social participation in limited, medium and wide ranges. There is a close relationship between in group trust and participation and formation of voluntary and civil associations. Employing Descriptive Research design, including survey, in-depth study, correlation and comparison, data was gathered on the prevalence of organizational-knowledge sharing. It was found out that social network, social trust and shared-goals are independent of age and educational attainment; however, social thrust was found dependent with the respondents’ work-department. Moreover, social network social trust and shared-goals were found highly significantly related to their attitude towards knowledge-sharing, subjective norms on knowledge-sharing, and intentions to share knowledge.
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American Journal of Educational Research. 2015, 3(5), 662-667. DOI: 10.12691/education-3-5-21
Pub. Date: May 15, 2015
12516 Views5264 Downloads5 Likes
Using Community Website as an Informal Learning Environment among Malaysian Pharmacy Students
Original Research
Objective: This study was conducted to analyse students’ insight on informal learning by means of social networks and community websites. Methods: Survey forms were distributed to all 360 students of Kulliyyah of Pharmacy of IIUM. Data analysis has been done using IBM SPSS software 20, and descriptive statistics were used to study the demographic characteristics of the students in relation to their use of social networking sites (SNSs). Results: 240 students were answered. The results revealed that the highest rating with mean (SD) = 4.53 (0.63) were related to accessing course notes and other teaching materials. Most students agreed that SNSs were helpful to their courses, mean (SD) = 4.18 (0.73). Conclusion: The findings of the study indicate that pharmacy students at IIUM use SNSs and other community websites as tools for academic purposes.
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American Journal of Educational Research. 2015, 3(5), 658-661. DOI: 10.12691/education-3-5-20
Pub. Date: May 15, 2015
11192 Views5151 Downloads6 Likes
Students Facing the Future: New Pedagogical Strategies in Forming a University Upbringing Culture
Original Research
Global challenges of the 21st century show that the upbringing of a harmonious personality is a central problem for the contemporary higher education system. It is particularly relevant for Russia, which has experienced recent large shocks, associated with the breaking of social order. In this regard, there is a need to find new pedagogical strategies to support the development of a student’s personality, in order to intensity the process of forming positive value orientations among young people. This requires harmonizing the educational process and unifying intellectual, aesthetic and moral components. Socio-anthropological, structural-systematic and axiological approaches are accounted by the need for understanding the pedagogical strategies of achieving the harmonious personality in the context of modern university educational space through the systematization of specific empirical facts and analysis of existing Russian, American and European scientific theories. We relied on the scientific works of Russian, American and European authors; empirical material taken from the practice of Vladimir University for Tourism and Hospitality. Despite some differences in the interpretation of the terms “education”, “upbringing” and “pedagogy” in American and Russian cultures, it is evident that they have a common focus on the humanization of personality. As a result of studying and summarizing the scientific literature in the field of research and interpretation of the practice of Vladimir University for Tourism and Hospitality, there were identified practical recommendations. These recommendations are the pedagogical strategies for the establishment of a harmonious personality in the context of the upbringing culture of the university: strengthening the relationship of academic and upbringing activities; improvement of the intellectual, aesthetic and moral components of the teacher’s personality; introduction of the cultural component into the curriculum and introduction of tourist activities into the educational space of the university. The above strategies will help, in our opinion, to build the upbringing culture of university that will guide students to the harmonious development of inner life, positive self-identification and the development of moral values.
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American Journal of Educational Research. 2015, 3(5), 652-657. DOI: 10.12691/education-3-5-19
Pub. Date: May 14, 2015
8462 Views4046 Downloads9 Likes
Muslim Girls’ Experiences in non-Muslim Schools of Brisbane
Review Article
Living conditions of Muslims have changed in the Western world. Many studies have found that after the incidents of September 11, 2001, Muslims all over the world, especially in the Western world have had to deal with the backlash of these events. Australia has not been isolated from this backlash. In this paper I explore the lives of 10 young Muslim girls who are 13-19 years of age and going to non-Muslim schools of Brisbane to find out their school experiences. In this paper I explore the school experiences of young Muslim girls to find out that at what extent these girls are struggling to negotiate their personalities while living in a non-Islamic society. Furthermore, the paper will highlight the issues of racism that has been faced by Muslim students in some of the Brisbane schools on the daily basis.
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American Journal of Educational Research. 2015, 3(5), 643-651. DOI: 10.12691/education-3-5-18
Pub. Date: May 14, 2015
11178 Views4967 Downloads9 Likes
Transnational Evaluation of a New Continuing Professional Development Activity for Biomedical Scientists Based on the International Organisation for Standardisation for Medical Laboratories ISO 15189
Original Research
The European Union’s Lifelong Learning Leonardo Program awarded funding of over 100,000 euros to a Leonardo Partnership project to facilitate the development of good practice in continuing professional development (CPD) for Biomedical Scientists. A series of high quality CPD activities along with an EU-toolkit are being developed by the project and will be made available to European hospital laboratories via the project website and Community of Practice. This paper reports on transnational evaluation of the second European CPD activity which is based on the International Organisation for Standardisation (ISO 15189) standard for Medical Laboratories. Biomedical Scientists from hospital laboratories in Croatia, Czech Republic, Malta and the United Kingdom took part in evaluation of the CPD activity by completion of an evaluation questionnaire and reflective learning sheet. The new CPD activity was exceptionally well received as scores of over 96% were acquired for useful and appropriateness to scope of practice, relevance to CPD, enhancement to scope of practice and enhancement to CPD. This CPD activity has successfully enhanced European Union Biomedical Scientist’s CPD as over 95% of participants rated the exercise as either good or excellent.
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American Journal of Educational Research. 2015, 3(5), 637-642. DOI: 10.12691/education-3-5-17
Pub. Date: May 13, 2015
10329 Views5185 Downloads7 Likes
Education and the Intentionality of a Performing Arts Educator in Nigeria
Original Research
Education, particularly its form: aims, objectives and goals could be dangerous depending on the intentionality of the giver of such education. From such theory of education as “classical conditioning” and some others, we know that the form of a permitted or given education may be to programme or condition the minds of a people to always conform to a social, cultural or psychological stereotype. So, education could be a tool to force social, cultural or political conformation on a people in a subtle way. Such education makes a robot out of the people who are not really able to think through issues themselves. As a teacher, I see and deal with passive students who act like robots without original thought and native intelligence. This may be a carryover of the perversion of colonialism on their psyches and the understanding of most of the teachers and educators who took over from the colonial masters – for no doubt, their understanding, interpretation and appropriation of the interpretations of their circumstances affect and influence the form of education they have passed down to this generation. This also accounts for one of the reasons no Africa State, in spite of the available data on the primacy of mother tongue education, has reverted or officially adopted mother tongue education till today. As a Performing Artist and a teacher, my interest is therefore in using the theatre to provoke my students to social, cultural and political deconstruction of the cultural, religious and traditional ways of life that have been subtly imposed on them through educational conditioning. I have tried to do this through what I called “Theatre of Intentionality”. In this paper, therefore, based on my experience with the students in two theatre workshops, I like to explore what I perceive as the place of the theory of “dialectical texts consciousness” in analysing human intentionality in other to promote generative form of education that is capable of provoking societal transformations.
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American Journal of Educational Research. 2015, 3(5), 631-636. DOI: 10.12691/education-3-5-16
Pub. Date: May 13, 2015
7151 Views2904 Downloads8 Likes
The Analysis around Strategies How to Engage Generation Y Learners
Original Research
The main issue of this study is the analysis around strategies how to engage generation Y learners. The aim of the study was to find out the contribution of various teaching and learning methods that teachers and learners can use in the twenty-first-century classroom. This study is a continuation of the previous research provided in 2010. During the study various methods were used: problem based learning, project based learning, team work, inquiry based learning, interdisciplinary approach, experiments – from very simple and low cost experiments to computer based experiments and remote laboratories. It was found out that generation Y learners can be motivated by various instructional methods based on their own activity. Their own doing seemed to be more important for them than learning itself. It is then more than useful to use educational materials including charts, graphic presentations and cartoons. The main goal of the study was to analyze the effectiveness of the use of mind maps and concept maps, which are not common during students’ instruction at secondary and high schools in the Czech Republic. A set of concept maps on the basis of high school physics textbooks was prepared.
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American Journal of Educational Research. 2015, 3(5), 624-630. DOI: 10.12691/education-3-5-15
Pub. Date: May 10, 2015
15438 Views5870 Downloads12 Likes
Improving Accuracy of Educational Research Conclusions by Using Lisrel
Review Article
The purpose of this paper are (1) to propose applying a technique of data analysis of educational variables using LISREL, (2) to construct variables including in the research model. The other benefit of this technique compared to the conventional analysis model are: (1) faulty estimate on variables relation caused by measurement error can be corrected and (2) statistical test on whether or not a theoritical model describing relation structure between variables can be carried out. The other benefit is that fit between theoritical model and data can be tested. The use of LISREL technique to analyze variable data for education is a must. Sharpness and accuracy in predicting the variables which are considered to have influence on variables can be obtained. On the contrary, measurement error which takes place from relation between research variables can be explained. Accordingly, this analysis technique is considered “comprehensive” to improve accuracy of conclusion generalization in the field of educational research which currently undergoes more complex problem.
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American Journal of Educational Research. 2015, 3(5), 619-623. DOI: 10.12691/education-3-5-14
Pub. Date: May 05, 2015
12629 Views5284 Downloads14 Likes
Developing a Conceptual Framework for Considering the Complexities of Professional Learning and Development in the Secondary School Context
Original Research
This paper discusses the development of a conceptual framework for scoping, provisioning and reporting the complexities of in-service Professional Learning and Development (PLD) in the New Zealand secondary school sector with a focus on middle leaders. Government-funded PLD in the New Zealand context is a research and evidence-based service provided to schools in response to high-level government policy. These PLD contracts aim to address inequalities for young people by enhancing the quality and effectiveness of leadership and teaching practices which result in increased student achievement, especially for priority students and those from minority backgrounds. The rationale for developing a conceptual framework for understanding government-funded, externally provided professional learning and development will be discussed. Recommendations for policy makers and researchers on the complex ways research evidence and policy come together in the delivery of in-service PLD for leaders and teachers in schools will be highlighted and opportunities for improvement examined.
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American Journal of Educational Research. 2015, 3(5), 610-618. DOI: 10.12691/education-3-5-13
Pub. Date: May 05, 2015
11475 Views5221 Downloads12 Likes
Improving Design Performance of Students in Interior Architecture Undergraduate Education
Original Research
Considering the developing conditions in interior architecture undergraduate education and inevitability of performing restructuring works to this end is a reality expressed also in the literature. "Performance-based design" is one of the key concepts in this approach. When the works as to interior design project performance are examined it can be observed that conducting assessments of user recognition correctly and fully at the preliminary stage of project is an important component affecting the design performance. This is because the success of interior space design is measured by considering to what extent the requirements of the users are met. In this context, the purpose of this study has been designated as the creation of documents the students will benefit from while determining user requirements at the preliminary stage of the project within the purview of "Interior Architecture Design Studio" courses within the interior design undergraduate education. The scope of the study is limited to only residential interior design projects with an eye to reach a more elaborate result. Literature and practical application resources were researched to determine the documents utilized for recognizing the users in residential interior design as methodology at the first stage in line with the scope and purpose defined. Subsequently, all the documents obtained were examined by making comparisons in a systematic manner and the shortcomings of the cited documents were revealed. And in the final stage, suggestions were made with a view to overcome these shortcomings. It will be possible to determine user requirements more accurately through utilization of documents created in line with suggestions to be made within the purview of the study at the preliminary stage of residential interior design projects by interior architecture undergraduate students and this will increase the students' success as to designing significantly.
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American Journal of Educational Research. 2015, 3(5), 604-609. DOI: 10.12691/education-3-5-12
Pub. Date: April 30, 2015
12032 Views5211 Downloads12 Likes
Leading as Fugitives: the Case of Militant Groups in Nigeria’s Oil Producing Communities
Original Research
The activities of militia leaders made the region the hot spot of resource based violence in Nigeria and Africa. It has been observed that militant groups and their leaders in Nigeria’s oil producing states have gained prominence in recent times as there is hardly any week that their affairs are not discussed or reported in the polity. With emphasis on the context and objectives of militancy, the paper identifies the modus operandi of militia leaders in the Niger Delta. The article made use of secondary sources relevant to the topic and media reports on the situation in oil producing communities. The article maintains that the main reason militia leaders live like fugitives are to protect their goals from being endangered and also to evade possible arrest by the federal government. It would do the country more good to discover the sources of militancy, why people wake up and form militia groups.
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American Journal of Educational Research. 2015, 3(5), 599-603. DOI: 10.12691/education-3-5-11
Pub. Date: April 30, 2015
8475 Views3807 Downloads11 Likes
Self-Evaluated Evidence-Based Medicine Skills Improve among Last Year Medical Student, within Nine Weeks, When Introducing a Blended EBM Teaching Approach
Original Research
The practice of evidence-based medicine (EBM) is important for medical students to master to optimize their future clinical decision-making and improve the quality of health care. The aim of this study was to explore Swedish final-year medical students’ self-evaluated EBM skills and to evaluate the effect of actively teaching EBM during a nine-week pediatric course. A control group (n=39) and an intervention group (n=44) consisted of last year medical students enrolled in a nine week pediatric course. Both groups only differed by the year of starting the studies: year 2012 vs year 2013. Students anonymously self-evaluated their EBM skills at the beginning and at the end of the course. The intervention consisted of blended EBM teaching by medical teachers in both class room and clinical settings. The control group did not receive an intervention. The participation rate in the intervention group was 91% (40/44) and in the control group 75% (29/39). Students’ overall baseline EBM skills score was 5.1 (on a scale of 10) in the intervention group and 5.5 in the control group. After the intervention, searching for EBM increased by 1.45 (95% CI: 0.78–2.11), critically appraising EBM increased by 1.51 (95% CI: 0.88–2.15), and applying EBM in patient care increased by 2.08 (95% CI: 1.46–2.70). The findings show that many final-year Swedish medical students rate their own EBM skills as low. However, it is possible with a small investment of time from the medical teacher during a nine-week pediatric course to significantly improve students’ self-evaluated EBM skills.
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American Journal of Educational Research. 2015, 3(5), 594-598. DOI: 10.12691/education-3-5-10
Pub. Date: April 29, 2015
9855 Views4143 Downloads12 Likes
Global Oil Industry Conflict: An Apocalyptic End?
Original Research
This study is aimed at analyzing the perennial global conflicts over oil resources. Oil has been branded a curse hence, most countries with the abundance oil natural resources has been faced with violent conflicts, either caused by oil or exacerbated by oil. Therefore, this study is determined to identify the attributes of oil that makes it conflict prone. Most importantly, the article would analyze from history to present day, how oil has contributed to conflict and genocide as well as providing practical examples of countries that have experienced oil warfare agony. After evaluating the impact of oil resources in terms of conflict, this study will provide recommendations on how this conflict can be resolved by the use of permanent measures, such as the provision of energy through other means apart from oil; in order to avoid oil causing a world apocalypse.
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American Journal of Educational Research. 2015, 3(5), 588-593. DOI: 10.12691/education-3-5-9
Pub. Date: April 29, 2015
8381 Views3551 Downloads8 Likes
Entry-Level Biology Courses for Majors and Non-Majors: Performance and Assessment
Original Research
The purpose of the study was to assess students’ performance in entry-level biology courses. The instruments used for this study were pre-post content knowledge tests to address two research questions: 1. Did students’ scores improve from pre-to post- tests and were there differences between cohort one and cohort two on the content knowledge test in Functional and Orgaismal Biology? 2. Did students correctly answer more questions at the three higher levels of Bloom’s taxonomy test from pre-to post-tests and were there differences in cohorts on the content knowledge in Functional Biology and Organismal Biology? The results indicated that students’ scores on the content knowledge tests increased from pre-to post- tests and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05) between cohort one and cohort two on the content knowledge test in Functional and Orgaismal Biology. Furthermore, the students were able to answer higher order thinking skill questions on the post-test and pre-posttests’ scores difference were statistically significant (p<0.05).
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American Journal of Educational Research. 2015, 3(5), 581-587. DOI: 10.12691/education-3-5-8
Pub. Date: April 28, 2015
21013 Views8752 Downloads12 Likes
Writing Professional Genres in a Second Language: Results from a Spanish University Clil Context
Original Research
Bilingual educational programmes and projects have increased during the last few years and are currently being implemented in different Spanish universities through new teaching approaches such as CLIL (Content and Language Integrated Learning) or EMI (English-Medium Instruction). Research conducted at university level reveal that university students often have difficulty in performing the cognitive and discursive operations involved in the comprehension and production of written texts. These difficulties aggravate when this written performance is conducted in a non-native language, which is being increasingly demanded to university students participating in CLIL programmes. In Higher Education, both lecturers and students belong to certain communities of knowledge and practice, thus the second language needs to be acquired considering the different genre types used in different subjects as products connected to particular fields of knowledge. The present study analyses the written production of a professional genre type by Engineering university students in a second language (English) at a Spanish university. Results show the relationship between their academic performance (content achievement) and their linguistic awareness of the genre produced in a second language, being the higher marked texts (in terms of content performance) those which show a better writing (language) performance. These differences are more remarkable at a textual and discourse level. Fewer differences between higher and lower-marked texts are found at a sentence level.
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American Journal of Educational Research. 2015, 3(5), 576-580. DOI: 10.12691/education-3-5-7
Pub. Date: April 24, 2015
10827 Views4702 Downloads11 Likes
Effects of Dehumanizing Communication Reified in Higher Institutions of Learning: Issues and Suggestions
Original Research
This paper examines the effects of dehumanizing communication reified in higher institutions of learning, among undergraduates and lecturers. Dehumanization is the act of degrading people with respect to their best qualities and denial of humanness to others. On the other hand communication is human interaction and learning. Communication becomes rude when it is deliberately directed resulting in dehumanizing communication. The paper therefore examines dehumanizing communication in terms of its being intentional and unintentional and dehumanizing communication between lecturers and students and among students. It also took a swipe on the effects of dehumanizing communication on students and lecturers as well as proffer solutions to mitigating effect of dehumanizing communication between lecturer and students and among students. The suggested solutions among others include, inter-group dialogue programme among contending groups in the student community, establishment of multicultural centers on campus in order to bring contending groups together i.e. lecturers and students of all races and ethnicity. A compulsory course on “pedagogy of positiveness” is also recommended in the university curriculum to instill in the students the value of respecting people who may be different.
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American Journal of Educational Research. 2015, 3(5), 570-575. DOI: 10.12691/education-3-5-6
Pub. Date: April 24, 2015
8333 Views2968 Downloads10 Likes
Environmental Health Hazards and Rural Community Development in Abia State of Nigeria
Original Research
The study assessed the influence of environmental hazards on the development of rural communities in Abia state. The population of the study was one thousand seven hundred and seventy-two (1,772) executive members in one hundred and seventy-five (175) Community Development Associations. A sample of five hundred and nine (509) executive members from seventy (70) Community Development Associations was drawn through proportionate stratified sampling technique. Three research questions and two hypotheses guided the study. Researchers’ self-structured questionnaire was used for data collection. It was face and content validated by two experts in Educational Administration and Educational Measurement/Evaluation from Abia State University, Uturu. The reliability of the instrument was pilot-tested on 25 executive members of Ayamele and Ifite-Ogwari Community Development Associations, both are Local Government Areas in Anambra State. Reliability coefficient of 0.88 was obtained using Cronbach Alpha estimate. Data from the research questions were analyzed using mean and standard deviation. Also, the null hypotheses were tested for using t-test statistics at 0.05 level of significance. The findings of the study revealed the influence of deforestation, agricultural development and industries and technology on the environment. The study therefore recommended among others that Abia State Government should organize seminars, workshop and conferences for Community Development Associations Executive Officers and other community leaders on the issues concerning environmental protection.
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American Journal of Educational Research. 2015, 3(5), 564-569. DOI: 10.12691/education-3-5-5
Pub. Date: April 24, 2015
16160 Views5456 Downloads10 Likes
Assessing In-Service Needs of Basic School Natural Science Teachers in New Juaben Municipality, Ghana
Original Research
This study investigated in-service needs of basic school Natural Science teachers in the New Juaben Municipality in the Eastern Region of Ghana. The study was to ascertain the in-service needs of 234 Natural Science teachers across gender. A questionnaire was used to collect data on the teachers’ feedback on eight dimensions of science teachers’ needs: generic pedagogical knowledge and skills, knowledge and skills in science subjects, managing and delivering science instruction, diagnosing and evaluating students, planning science instruction, administering science instructional facilities and equipment, integration of multimedia technology and the use of English language in science instruction. Data were descriptively analyzed, followed by chi square analysis. Results of the descriptive analysis demonstrate that the topmost in-service needs of Natural Science teachers were the acquisition of knowledge and skills in science subjects, generic pedagogical knowledge and skills and planning of science instruction. The chi square analysis did not yield significant association between gender and science teachers’ needs in all dimensions except knowledge and skills in science subjects. It was recommended among others that in-service organisers need to assess the in-service needs of participants before providing INSET services.
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American Journal of Educational Research. 2015, 3(5), 556-563. DOI: 10.12691/education-3-5-4
Pub. Date: April 24, 2015
11367 Views4681 Downloads12 Likes
Accuracy of Parameter Estimation and Concordance Method Based on Item Response Theory
Original Research
The objective of this study was to investigate estimation and concordance method’s accuracy parameter based on item response theory. Estimation method used were Joint Maximum Likelihood, Bayesian and Bayesian Modal; and concordance method used were mean and sigma method, and robust mean and sigma method with sample size of 500 and 800. Data source used was test of tryout of Senior High School year 2012. Hypothesis testing on comparative values of root mean square difference (RMSD) using one way anova and t test. The results were parameter estimation method of Joint Maximum Likelihood, Bayesian and Bayes Modal on two logistic model parameters that produced similar estimation result using sample size more than 500, robust mean and sigma method was more accurate than mean and sigma method.
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American Journal of Educational Research. 2015, 3(5), 552-555. DOI: 10.12691/education-3-5-3
Pub. Date: April 23, 2015
11952 Views4549 Downloads37 Likes
Identifying Dimensions of Creative Thinking in Preschool Children during Implementation of Philosophy for Children (P4C) Program: A Directed Content Analysis
Original Research
Background: fostering creativity thinking in children needs a program with focusing on process and let children expressing their own ideas and listening to others ideas as well challenging them and creating new ideas. To develop creativity in children teachers should be able to accept children uniqueness and their idea. Before children start the school, they need learning experiences to promote their cognitive, social, moral and emotional development and this lays the foundation for later success at school. One of the programs that developed for enhancing creative thinking alongside other thinking and social skills is philosophy for children (P4C).Implementing this program on school age children have shown effectiveness of P4C on creative thinking but little is known about this related to preschool children. Objectives: The aim of this study is identifying the elements of creativity thinking based on Torrance creative thinking framework during implementing P4C program for preschool children. Materials and Methods: A qualitative design with directed content analysis was conducted to explore four aspects of creative thinking during implementing P4C program. 6 healthy children five to six years old selected from one preschool in Tehran and P4C program conducted for 16 sessions. All of the sessions recorded and after each session all events of the recorded films were transcript. Torrance creative thinking aspects were the framework in this study and data and codes classified into these four elements and their definitions as main criterion. The codes emerged from data, compared to the main framework and if they matched with the definitions and evidences, they classified as a sub group of the themes. Results: All four aspects of creative thinking were seen in codes and categories. Even in first days of running the program there was a little evidence for creative thinking but gradually the related creativity codes emerged. Conclusion: according to finding implementation of P4C program helps preschool children to develop their creativity thinking. More investigation is needed to empower these results and answer to the questions about why and how this is happened.
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American Journal of Educational Research. 2015, 3(5), 547-551. DOI: 10.12691/education-3-5-2
Pub. Date: April 22, 2015
10090 Views5008 Downloads94 Likes
Using Pattern of Internet and E-resources by the Students and Faculty Members of a Private University in Bangladesh
Original Research
The main objective of this study is to find out the using pattern of internet and e-resources by the Eastern University (EU) students and faculty members. A printed version of the questionnaire was distributed in the respective students and faculty members of EU. To analyze the influence of demographic information on overall satisfaction on internet and e-resources simple frequency were carried out. The results showed that students and faculty members are generally satisfied with the current level of internet and e-resources. They identified limited number of titles, difficulty in finding information, limited access to computers and slow download speed as major constraints. These constraints do affect internet and e-resources use in a private university. However, these constraints are mainly related to the poor IT infrastructure and limited access to internet and e-resources, which may also lead to other constraints such as an unwillingness to use the internet and e-resources regularly and consequently low satisfaction with such resources.
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American Journal of Educational Research. 2015, 3(5), 541-546. DOI: 10.12691/education-3-5-1
Pub. Date: April 22, 2015
17825 Views6878 Downloads328 Likes