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Volume 10, Issue 3

Efficacy of Self-concept Counselling Therapy on the Reduction of Examination Malpractices among Secondary School Students in Ikpoba-Okha Local Government Area of Edo State, Nigeria
Original Research
This study sought to investigate the efficacy of self-concept counselling therapy on the reduction of examination malpractices among secondary school students in Ikpoba-Okha Local Government Area of Edo State. To guide the study, three research questions were raised and their corresponding hypotheses formulated. The research questions were answered while the hypotheses were tested at 0.05 alpha level of significance. The design used for the study was a pre-test post-test non-equivalent control group quasi- experimental design used for the study. The population of the study consisted of all the public mixed Senior Secondary II students in Ikpoba-Okha Local Government Area of Edo State with counsellors and the sample used for the study comprised 210 students. The instrument for data collection for the study was a questionnaire titled Self-concept and Examination Malpractices Questionnaire (SEMQ), validated by two experts, with reliability index of 0.85. During treatment procedures, the two groups were pretested, the experimental group was exposed to Self-concept therapy while the control group was not exposed to any treatment and after treatment administration, both groups were post tested and the finding, among others, showed that there is a significant difference in the mean rating of examination malpractices between the adolescents in the experimental and control groups after treatment. This showed the efficacy of self-concept counselling therapy used in sensitizing the experimental group. As their self-concept mean score increased, their thoughts and act of examination malpractices drastically and significantly reduced. Based on the findings therefore, it is recommended that counsellors should employ self-concpet therapy to reduce examination malpractices among secondary school students.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2022, 10(3), 161-167. DOI: 10.12691/education-10-3-8
Pub. Date: March 20, 2022
Online Education and Anxiety among University Students during the COVID-19 Pandemic
Original Research
Aim: The study examined the effects of emergency online education on the mental wellbeing of university students during COVID-19 pandemic. Subject and Method: The fast spread of COVID-19 forced universities to shift from conventional pedagogy to online education. Many students, however, encountered mental challenges during this transition. To examine anxiety caused by the pandemic and the lockdown policies, a questionnaire was developed and evaluated by five experts in psychology, management, and education before it was administered through WhatsApp and Facebook to a convenience sample of 1,749 students from eight universities in Jordan during the period of April 7, 2020 and May 28, 2020. Cronbach Alpha level of the questionnaire was acceptable at level α = 0.893. The study was fully approved by the Institutional Review Board and SPSS V26 was used to perform univariate and multivariate statistics. Results: Online education resulted in anxiety and other mental health concerns for over 83% of the students. Nine factors explain students’ anxiety: worries about finances, owning a personal computer, logistical requirements, social impact, family income, anxiety about the future, teachers’ roles, students’ technical knowledge, housing arrangements, technical requirements, awareness, and technical knowledge of teachers. Conclusion: As the pandemic continues to be a serious threat, anxiety and other mental problems if not managed, can produce more health complications for students. Therefore, universities need effective remedial procedures for protecting students’ mental health during and after the pandemic.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2022, 10(3), 155-160. DOI: 10.12691/education-10-3-7
Pub. Date: March 20, 2022
An Understanding of the Operational Dynamics of the Secondary School Mathematics Practicing Teacher: A Perspective from the Cooperating Teacher
Original Research
This study was designed to understand the cultural operations associated with the existing practicum exercise required for the mathematics practicing teachers as part of the fulfilment of the Bachelor of Education Programme in Jamaica. The study used a phenomenology design to explore the operational issues of the mathematics practicing teacher from the perspectives of the cooperative teacher. The participants selected for this study were 12 cooperating mathematics teachers from six high schools across the corporate area of Jamaica. The data were collected through face-to-face interviews with the cooperating teachers at convenient times throughout the school days during the period of September to December 2019. The findings revealed that the cooperating teachers are of the view that practicing teachers lack enthusiasm about the teaching profession. It is the view of the cooperating teachers that while the practicing teachers generally use a wide variety of teaching strategies in their lesson delivery, their mathematics content knowledge is often weak. The findings of the study have implications for the training of mathematics teachers in Jamaica and by extension the teaching and learning of mathematics at the secondary level of the school system.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2022, 10(3), 149-154. DOI: 10.12691/education-10-3-6
Pub. Date: March 17, 2022
Evaluating the Effect of Multimodal Instructional Approach on Students’ Academic Achievement in Classification of Living Organisms
Original Research
This paper presents the effect of multimodal instructional approach on students’ academic achievement in classification of living organisms. 100 students (50 males and 50 females) were sampled for the study. The research design for the study was quasi-experimental design of two groups, experimental and control groups. Pretest was administered to all participants to determine their academic performance in biological classification. Multimodal instructional approach (MIA) and discussion method of instruction were adopted for teaching the experimental and control groups respectively. A posttest was administered to both groups to determine the effectiveness of the treatment. The results of both groups were analyzed using t-test. The pretest score proved that both groups were similar in academic achievement before the intervention (mean = 30.2, 30, t-value =0.18, p-value = 0.86, p>0.05). The posttest results of the male students in the experimental group differed significantly from their cohorts in the control group (mean =51.88, 40.84, t-value = 8.69, p-value = 0.000, p< 0.05). The posttest of the female students in the experimental group also differed significantly from their counterparts in the control group (mean =51.24, 41.24, t-value = 11.37, p-value = 0.000, p<0.05). Questionnaire was administered to the experimental group to determine their perceptions on MIA. Majority of students in the experimental group agreed that MIA was effective for teaching classification of living organisms. It was recommended that Biology tutors should be encouraged to adopt this instructional strategy when teaching classification of living organisms in order to cater for the diverse learning needs of learners in the class.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2022, 10(3), 141-148. DOI: 10.12691/education-10-3-5
Pub. Date: March 17, 2022
Surviving, Adapting, and Passing: The Educational Experiences of CoViD Babies in Their Tertiary Education
Original Research
Learners were caught unaided and unprepared at the onslaught of the pandemic in 2020 with the new modalities of teaching and learning. This continued during the SY 2020-2021 especially to those who were new in these modalities – the Senior High School students, termed as CoViD babies in their tertiary education, who were accustomed to the residential teaching with their teachers doing most of the discussions. The purpose of this study is to find out the students' educational experiences as they shifted to higher education and how they performed in the new normal in the advent of purely self-paced learning modules and flexible learning modality. Furthermore, the goal of this research is to find out how these learners were able to adapt to new learning modalities. The respondents' experiences and the factors affecting them were determined and evaluated through narrative analysis of the qualitative research design. Based on the findings, the ability of the CoViD babies to complete self-paced learning modules was threatened, they were adapting to the norms of their tertiary education, and they were not ready to go online. Generally, the CoViD babies were surviving, adjusting, and, at the very least, completing their tertiary education. Furthermore, seven of the 15 participants stated that they were passing in varied degrees. The compatibility of their line of studies with their strands in SHS, rush adjustment, internet connectivity, and interaction with their teachers were the identified factors that affect their tertiary education.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2022, 10(3), 135-140. DOI: 10.12691/education-10-3-4
Pub. Date: March 15, 2022
Implementation of Citizen’s Charter Provisions of RA 9485 (Anti - Red Tape Act of 2007) of a State University in the Philippines
Original Research
This study assessed the implementation of RA 9485 (Anti-Red Tape Act of 2007) in NVSU System using a descriptive correlational method utilizing a questionnaire from Cabungan et al. (2016). Specifically, the study determined the profile of the respondents, perception of the group of respondents on the level implementation of RA 9485 in NVSU System, and level of satisfaction on the delivery of front-line services of NVSU System. Test of significant difference in the perceptions of the group of respondents on the level of implementation of RA 9485 when grouped according to profile was conducted. Similarly, profile of the respondents was analyzed if there is significant relationship with level of satisfaction on the service delivery of frontline service of NVSU. Moreover, test of significant relationship on the perceptions of the three groups of respondents on the level of implementation of RA 9485 and profile was conducted. In addition, significant relationship between the level of implementation of RA 9485 and the level of satisfaction on the delivery of front-line services of NVSU System was determined. Lastly, problems encountered by the respondents in availing the front-line services of NVSU were determined. Findings showed that respondents perceived RA 9485 as highly implemented. As to the level of implementation, the assessment is quite high while the level of satisfaction is only satisfied. Accordingly, the administration has to focus on how to fast-track transactions through the creation of websites and linkages for their communication process/practices/management under the pronouncement of the E-commerce Act of 2001 (R.A 8792).The problems encountered are reasonably serious. The administration has to focus on their plan and organize their respective programs and projects with efficiency and effectiveness through training and development opportunities that typically lead to increased job satisfaction and motivation for operational cost savings and increased capacity, resulting to high performance.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2022, 10(3), 127-134. DOI: 10.12691/education-10-3-3
Pub. Date: March 08, 2022
The Pandemic Impact on Online Education as an Urban Insurgence: Cognitive Neuroergonomics of Virtual Learning Environments
Original Research
This research sought to present an urban insurgence aggravated by the coronavirus pandemic and that is still overrunning the Brazilian Education: the access to online Education. The research objective was to propose a study of urban management that aimed to promote a negotiated management for online Education. The methodological proposal was subdivided into three sections, using a triangular nature: bibliographic, quantitative and exploratory. This urban phenomenon evidenced the need for rapprochement between the Educational Market and the City to plan access strategies that would guarantee the basic rights of citizens such as Education. The pandemic highlighted the urban weaknesses of Internet access, as well as some precarious consequences in the teaching and learning process students who seek a better qualification when they opt for this modality of Private Network Education. The result shows that there is a lack of decentralization and quality in the Internet access, which compromises the students’ affective (feelings and emotions) and cognitive (neuroergonomics) experience in virtual environments.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2022, 10(3), 116-126. DOI: 10.12691/education-10-3-2
Pub. Date: March 08, 2022
Challenges and Adaptive Strategies of Out-of-Field Mathematics Teachers in the Province of Misamis Oriental, Philippines
Original Research
If students are well-trained by teachers who are adept and confident in teaching their subject matter, certainly learners will be developed as lifelong learners and capable of helping in the fast economic development of the country. This study aimed to determine the profile, content mastery, challenges, and adaptive strategies of out-of-field (OOF) mathematics teachers in the province of Misamis Oriental, Philippines. The investigation employed a descriptive research design with a total of eighty-six (86) sampled OOF mathematics teachers assigned to the prescribed research setting. Of the 86 OOF mathematics teachers, seventy-nine (79) in the sampled junior high schools are assigned to teach subjects other than their master piece. Hence, they are labeled as “out-of-field” teachers. In terms of the mathematics content mastery, results show that the respondents had a satisfactory performance while the majority of the respondents agreed that their respective schools have limited resources, equipment, and other learning facilities needed for teaching and learning. Furthermore, the findings revealed that OOF mathematics teachers used varied teaching approaches, engaged themselves in professional development training, and kept monitoring learners’ progress using varied assessment strategies from their carefully planned lessons and improvised instructional learning materials. Since this study has established that OOF teaching was prevalent in the research locale, the researchers recommended that school principals and school district supervisors look into this matter seriously so they can hire additional teachers with specific qualifications to augment the manpower of the district. A parallel study may also be conducted considering OOF teachers across all levels from other disciplines so that strategic interventions as well as policy on recruitment based on field of specialization must be properly implemented.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2022, 10(3), 111-115. DOI: 10.12691/education-10-3-1
Pub. Date: March 08, 2022