Skip Navigation Links.
Collapse <span class="m110 colortj mt20 fontw700">Volume 11 (2023)</span>Volume 11 (2023)
Issue 2, Volume 11, 2023
Issue 1, Volume 11, 2023
Collapse <span class="m110 colortj mt20 fontw700">Volume 10 (2022)</span>Volume 10 (2022)
Issue 12, Volume 10, 2022
Issue 11, Volume 10, 2022
Issue 10, Volume 10, 2022
Issue 9, Volume 10, 2022
Issue 8, Volume 10, 2022
Issue 7, Volume 10, 2022
Issue 6, Volume 10, 2022
Issue 5, Volume 10, 2022
Issue 4, Volume 10, 2022
Issue 3, Volume 10, 2022
Issue 2, Volume 10, 2022
Issue 1, Volume 10, 2022
Collapse <span class="m110 colortj mt20 fontw700">Volume 9 (2021)</span>Volume 9 (2021)
Issue 12, Volume 9, 2021
Issue 11, Volume 9, 2021
Issue 10, Volume 9, 2021
Issue 9, Volume 9, 2021
Issue 8, Volume 9, 2021
Issue 7, Volume 9, 2021
Issue 6, Volume 9, 2021
Issue 5, Volume 9, 2021
Issue 4, Volume 9, 2021
Issue 3, Volume 9, 2021
Issue 2, Volume 9, 2021
Issue 1, Volume 9, 2021
Collapse <span class="m110 colortj mt20 fontw700">Volume 8 (2020)</span>Volume 8 (2020)
Issue 12, Volume 8, 2020
Issue 11, Volume 8, 2020
Issue 10, Volume 8, 2020
Issue 9, Volume 8, 2020
Issue 8, Volume 8, 2020
Issue 7, Volume 8, 2020
Issue 6, Volume 8, 2020
Issue 5, Volume 8, 2020
Issue 4, Volume 8, 2020
Issue 3, Volume 8, 2020
Issue 2, Volume 8, 2020
Issue 1, Volume 8, 2020
Collapse <span class="m110 colortj mt20 fontw700">Volume 7 (2019)</span>Volume 7 (2019)
Issue 12, Volume 7, 2019
Issue 11, Volume 7, 2019
Issue 10, Volume 7, 2019
Issue 9, Volume 7, 2019
Issue 8, Volume 7, 2019
Issue 7, Volume 7, 2019
Issue 6, Volume 7, 2019
Issue 5, Volume 7, 2019
Issue 4, Volume 7, 2019
Issue 3, Volume 7, 2019
Issue 2, Volume 7, 2019
Issue 1, Volume 7, 2019
Collapse <span class="m110 colortj mt20 fontw700">Volume 6 (2018)</span>Volume 6 (2018)
Issue 12, Volume 6, 2018
Issue 11, Volume 6, 2018
Issue 10, Volume 6, 2018
Issue 9, Volume 6, 2018
Issue 8, Volume 6, 2018
Issue 7, Volume 6, 2018
Issue 6, Volume 6, 2018
Issue 5, Volume 6, 2018
Issue 4, Volume 6, 2018
Issue 3, Volume 6, 2018
Issue 2, Volume 6, 2018
Issue 1, Volume 6, 2018
Collapse <span class="m110 colortj mt20 fontw700">Volume 5 (2017)</span>Volume 5 (2017)
Issue 12, Volume 5, 2017
Issue 11, Volume 5, 2017
Issue 10, Volume 5, 2017
Issue 9, Volume 5, 2017
Issue 8, Volume 5, 2017
Issue 7, Volume 5, 2017
Issue 6, Volume 5, 2017
Issue 5, Volume 5, 2017
Issue 4, Volume 5, 2017
Issue 3, Volume 5, 2017
Issue 2, Volume 5, 2017
Issue 1, Volume 5, 2017
Collapse <span class="m110 colortj mt20 fontw700">Volume 4 (2016)</span>Volume 4 (2016)
Issue 20, Volume 4, 2016
Issue 19, Volume 4, 2016
Issue 18, Volume 4, 2016
Issue 17, Volume 4, 2016
Issue 16, Volume 4, 2016
Issue 15, Volume 4, 2016
Issue 14, Volume 4, 2016
Issue 13, Volume 4, 2016
Issue 12, Volume 4, 2016
Issue 11, Volume 4, 2016
Issue 10, Volume 4, 2016
Issue 9, Volume 4, 2016
Issue 8, Volume 4, 2016
Issue 7, Volume 4, 2016
Issue 6, Volume 4, 2016
Issue 5, Volume 4, 2016
Issue 4, Volume 4, 2016
Issue 3, Volume 4, 2016
Issue 2A, Volume 4, 2016
Issue 2, Volume 4, 2016
Issue 1, Volume 4, 2016
Collapse <span class="m110 colortj mt20 fontw700">Volume 3 (2015)</span>Volume 3 (2015)
Issue 12B, Volume 3, 2015
Issue 12A, Volume 3, 2015
Issue 12, Volume 3, 2015
Issue 11, Volume 3, 2015
Issue 10A, Volume 3, 2015
Issue 10, Volume 3, 2015
Issue 9, Volume 3, 2015
Issue 8, Volume 3, 2015
Issue 7, Volume 3, 2015
Issue 6, Volume 3, 2015
Issue 5, Volume 3, 2015
Issue 4, Volume 3, 2015
Issue 3, Volume 3, 2015
Issue 2, Volume 3, 2015
Issue 1, Volume 3, 2015
Collapse <span class="m110 colortj mt20 fontw700">Volume 2 (2014)</span>Volume 2 (2014)
Issue 12C, Volume 2, 2014
Issue 12B, Volume 2, 2014
Issue 12A, Volume 2, 2014
Issue 11A, Volume 2, 2014
Issue 12, Volume 2, 2014
Issue 11, Volume 2, 2014
Issue 10, Volume 2, 2014
Issue 9, Volume 2, 2014
Issue 8A, Volume 2, 2014
Issue 8, Volume 2, 2014
Issue 7, Volume 2, 2014
Issue 6, Volume 2, 2014
Issue 5, Volume 2, 2014
Issue 4, Volume 2, 2014
Issue 3, Volume 2, 2014
Issue 2, Volume 2, 2014
Issue 1, Volume 2, 2014
Collapse <span class="m110 colortj mt20 fontw700">Volume 1 (2013)</span>Volume 1 (2013)
Issue 12, Volume 1, 2013
Issue 11, Volume 1, 2013
Issue 10, Volume 1, 2013
Issue 9, Volume 1, 2013
Issue 8, Volume 1, 2013
Issue 7, Volume 1, 2013
Issue 6, Volume 1, 2013
Issue 5, Volume 1, 2013
Issue 4, Volume 1, 2013
Issue 3, Volume 1, 2013
Issue 2, Volume 1, 2013
Issue 1, Volume 1, 2013
American Journal of Educational Research. 2019, 7(7), 455-462
DOI: 10.12691/EDUCATION-7-7-4
Special Issue

Improving the Outcomes of the “Prediction Problem”: A Framework Approach to Teacher Hiring

Jerome Cranston1,

1University of Regina

Pub. Date: July 02, 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Hiring Teachers: The Issues)

Cite this paper

Jerome Cranston. Improving the Outcomes of the “Prediction Problem”: A Framework Approach to Teacher Hiring. American Journal of Educational Research. 2019; 7(7):455-462. doi: 10.12691/EDUCATION-7-7-4

Abstract

This article describes how a deliberate commitment to use a research-based framework of teaching effectiveness can be combined with existing hiring practices to yield better outcomes from the teacher screening and selection process. The author proposes that when school leaders apply a well-developed and agreed-upon framework of teaching effectiveness – one that reflects the expectations of what it means to be effective in a local school context - that the result will be a better hiring process than many of those currently employed. In the end, such a process means that those who demonstrate the greatest promise of being effective in the classroom will be more likely given the opportunity to teach.

Keywords

teacher hiring, teaching effectiveness framework, assessment

Copyright

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

References

[1]  Gladwell, M. (2008, December 15). Most likely to succeed. The New Yorker. Retrieved from https://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2008/12/15/most-likely-to-succeed-malcolm-gladwell.
 
[2]  Shulman. L. S. (1986). Those who understand: Knowledge growth in teaching. Educational Researcher, 15(2), 4-14.
 
[3]  Rockoff, J. E., Jacob, B. A., Kane, T. J., & Staiger, D. O. (2011). Can you recognize an effective teacher when you recruit one? Education Finance and Policy, 6(1), 43-74.
 
[4]  Hanushek, E., A. (2011). The economic value of higher teacher quality. Economics of Education Review, 30(3), 466-479. Retrieved from https://www.nber.org/papers/w16606.pdf.
 
[5]  Cranston, J. (2012a). Evaluating prospects: The criteria used to hire new teachers. Alberta Journal of Educational Research, 58(3), 350-367.
 
[6]  Cranston, J. (2012b). Exploring school principals’ hiring decisions: Fitting in and getting hired. Canadian Journal of Educational Administration and Policy, 135. Retrieved from https://journalhosting.ucalgary.ca/index.php/cjeap/article/view/42835.
 
[7]  Cranston, J. (2014). Navigating the Bermuda Triangle of teacher hiring practices in Canada. In N. Maynes & B. Hatt (eds.), Hiring Supporting Retaining New Teachers Across Canada (pp. 128-149). Canadian Association forTeacher Education. Retrieved from https://www.edu.uwo.ca/faculty-profiles/docs/other/pollock/Hiring-Supporting-Retaining-New-Teachers-Across-Canada-8.pdf.
 
[8]  Spector, P. E. (2012). Industrial and organizational psychology: Research and practice (6th ed.). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley and Sons.
 
[9]  Wong, R. & Wong, H. (2011). Developing and Retaining Effective Teachers and Principals. Retrieved from: http://www.newteacher.com/pdf/INSIGHT_SP11.pdf
 
[10]  Danielson, C. (2010/2011). Evaluations that help teacher. Educational Leadership, 68(4), 35-39.
 
[11]  Kuncel, N. R., Ones, D. S., & Klieger, D. M. (2014, May). In hiring, algorithms beat instincts. Harvard Business Review. Retrieved from: https://hbr.org/2014/05/in-hiring-algorithms-beat-instinct.
 
[12]  Stronge, J. (2010). Evaluating what good teachers do: Eight research-based standards for assessing teacher excellence. Larchmont, NY: Eyes on Education.
 
[13]  Danielson, C. (2007). Enhancing professional practice: A framework for teaching (2nd ed.). Alexandria, VA: ASCD.
 
[14]  Merriam, S. B. & Simpson, E. L. (2000). A guide to research for educators and trainers of adults (2nd ed.). Malabar, FL: Krieger.
 
[15]  Hattie, J. (2009). Visible learning: A synthesis of over 800 meta-analyses relating to achievement. New York, NY: Routledge.
 
[16]  Marzano, R. J. (2007). The art and science of teaching: A comprehensive framework for effective instruction. Alexandria, VA: ASCD.
 
[17]  Marzano, R. J., Frontier, T., & Livingston, D. (2011). Effective supervision: Supporting the art and science of teaching. Alexandria, VA: ASCD.
 
[18]  Campbell, J., Kyriakides, L., Muijs, D., & Robinson, W. (2004). Assessing teacher effectiveness: Developing a differentiated model. New York, NY: RoutledgeFalmer.
 
[19]  Ritchie J. & Lewis J.(2003) Qualitative research practice: a guide for social science students and researchers. London, UK: Sage.
 
[20]  Whitehurst, G. R., Chingos, M. M., & Lindquist, K. M. (2014, May). Evaluating teachers with classroom observations: Lessons learned in four districts. Brown Centre on Education Policy at Brookings. Retrieved from https://www.brookings.edu/wp-content/uploads/2016/06/Evaluating-Teachers-with-Classroom-Observations.pdf.
 
[21]  Kane, T. J., McCaffrey, D. F., Miller, T., & Staiger, D. O. (2013). Have we identified effective teachers? Validating measures of effective teaching using random assignment. MET Project Research Paper. Retrieved from http://k12education.gatesfoundation.org/download/?Num=2676&f ilename=MET_Validating_Using_Random_Assignment_Research_Paper.pdf.
 
[22]  Andrejevic, M. (2013). Infoglut: How too much information is changing the way we think and know. New York, NY: Routledge.
 
[23]  Levin, J., & Quinn, M. (2003). Missed opportunities: How we keep high-quality teachers out of urban classrooms. The New Teacher Project.
 
[24]  Liu, E. & Johnson, S. M. (2006). New teachers’ experiences of hiring: Late, rushed, and information-poor. Educational Administration Quarterly, 42, 324–360.
 
[25]  Ryan, A. M. & Ployhart, R. E. (2014). A century of selection. Annual Review of Psychology, 65 693-717.
 
[26]  Henry, G. T., Campbell, S. L. Thompson, C. L., Patriarca, L. A., Luterbach, K. J., Lys, D. B., & Covington, V. M. (2013). The predictive validity of measures of teacher candidate programs and performance: toward an evidence-based approach to teacher preparation. Journal of Teacher Education, 64(5) 439-453.
 
[27]  Abernathy, T., Forsyth, A., & Mitchell, J. (2001). The bridge from student to teacher: What principals, teacher education faculty and students value in a teaching applicant. Teacher Education Quarterly, 28(4), 109-119.
 
[28]  Braun, J., Willems, A., Brown, M., & Green, K. (1987). A survey of hiring practices in selected school districts. Journal of Teacher Education, 38(2), 45-49.
 
[29]  Cain-Caston, M. (1999). A survey of opinions of North Carolina school administrators regarding factors considered most important in hiring teachers for their first teaching positions. Journal of Instructional Psychology, 26(2), 69-73.
 
[30]  Ralph, E. G., Kersten, C., Lang, H., & Smith, D. (1998). Hiring new teachers: What do school districts look for? Journal of Teacher Education, 49(1), 47-57.
 
[31]  Theel, R. K. & Tallerico, M. (2004). Using portfolios for teacher hiring: Insights from school principals. Action in Teacher Education, 26(1), 26-33.
 
[32]  Darling-Hammond, L. & Baratz-Snowden, J. (2005). A good teacher in every classroom: Preparing the highly qualified teachers our children deserve. San Francisco, CA: John Wiley & Sons.
 
[33]  Hayton, G. & Wagner, Z. (1998) Performance assessment in vocational education and training. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Vocational Education Research, 6(1), 69-85.
 
[34]  Lurie, S. J. (2012). History and practice of competency-based assessment. Medical Education, 2012(46), 49-57.
 
[35]  Danielson, C. (2013). The Framework for Teaching: Evaluation Instrument. Princeton, NJ; The Danielson Group.
 
[36]  Lesmond, G., Mc Cahan, S., & Beach, D. (2017). Development of analytic rubrics for competency assessment. Toronto, ON: Higher Education Quality Council of Ontario.
 
[37]  McDaniel M. A., Whetzel, D., Schmidt, F. L, & Maurer, S. D. (1994). The validity of employment interviews: a comprehensive review and meta-analysis. Journal of Applied Psychology, 79(4), 599-616.
 
[38]  El Khadri, M. S. & Roth, W. M. (2015). The teaching practicum as a locus of multi-level, school-based transformation. Teaching Education, 26, 17-37. Retrieved from http://web.uvic.ca/~mroth/PREPRINTS/teachingR.pdf.
 
[39]  Macan, T. (2009). The employment interview: A review of current studies and directions for future research. Human Resource Management Review,19 (3), 203-218.
 
[40]  Wiesner, W. H. & Cronshaw, S. F. (1988). A meta-analytic investigation of the impact of interview format and degree of structure on the validity of the employment interview. Journal of Occupational Psychology, 61, 275-290.
 
[41]  Campion, M., Palmer, D., & Campion, J. (1998). Structuring employment interviews to improve reliability, validity, and users' reactions. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 7(3), 77-82. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/20182509.
 
[42]  Latham, G. P., Saari, L. M., Pursell, E. D., & Campion, M. A. (1980). The situational interview. Journal of Applied Psychology, 65, 422-427.
 
[43]  Janz, T. (1982). Initial comparisons of patterned behavior-based interviews versus unstructured interviews. Journal of Applied Psychology, 67(5), 577-580.
 
[44]  Janz, T., Hellervik L., & Gilmore D. (1986). Behavior Description Interviewing. Newton, MA: Allyn & Bacon.
 
[45]  Latham, G. P. & Sue-Chan, C. (1996). A legally defensible interview for selecting the best. In R. S. Barrett (Ed.), Fair employment strategies in human resource management (pp. 134-143). New York, NY: Quorum Books.
 
[46]  Campion, M. A., Campion, J. E., & Hudson, J. P. (1994). Structured interviewing: A note on incremental validity and alternative question types. Journal of Applied Psychology, 79, 998-1002.
 
[47]  Delli, D. A. & Vera, E. M. (2003). Psychological and contextual influences on the teacher selection interview: A model for future research. Journal of Personnel Evaluation in Education, 17(2), 137-155.
 
[48]  Engel, M. (2012). Problematic preferences? A mixed method examination of what principals look for when hiring teachers. Educational Administration Quarterly, 49(1), 52-91.
 
[49]  Rutledge, S. A., Harris, D. N., Thompson, C. C., & Ingle, W. K. (2008). Certify, blink, hire: An examination of the process and tools of teacher screening and selection. Leadership and Policy in Schools, 7(3), 237-263.
 
[50]  Hanushek, E. A., Kain, J. F., O'Brien, D. M., & Rivkin, S. G. (2005). The Market for Teacher Quality. (NBER Working Paper Series No. 11154). Retrieved from: https://www.nber.org/papers/w11154.pdf.
 
[51]  Rockoff, J. E. (2004). The impact of individual teachers on student achievement: Evidence from panel data. The American Economic Review, 94(2), 247-252.
 
[52]  Staiger D. O. & Rockoff, J. E. (2010). Searching for effective teachers with imperfect information. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 24, 97-117.
 
[53]  Mertler, C. A. (2014). The data-driven classroom: How do I use student data to improve instruction. Alexandria, VA: ASCD.
 
[54]  Creswell, J. W. (2007). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.