Skip Navigation Links.
Collapse <span class="m110 colortj mt20 fontw700">Volume 11 (2023)</span>Volume 11 (2023)
Issue 2, Volume 11, 2023
Issue 1, Volume 11, 2023
Collapse <span class="m110 colortj mt20 fontw700">Volume 10 (2022)</span>Volume 10 (2022)
Issue 12, Volume 10, 2022
Issue 11, Volume 10, 2022
Issue 10, Volume 10, 2022
Issue 9, Volume 10, 2022
Issue 8, Volume 10, 2022
Issue 7, Volume 10, 2022
Issue 6, Volume 10, 2022
Issue 5, Volume 10, 2022
Issue 4, Volume 10, 2022
Issue 3, Volume 10, 2022
Issue 2, Volume 10, 2022
Issue 1, Volume 10, 2022
Collapse <span class="m110 colortj mt20 fontw700">Volume 9 (2021)</span>Volume 9 (2021)
Issue 12, Volume 9, 2021
Issue 11, Volume 9, 2021
Issue 10, Volume 9, 2021
Issue 9, Volume 9, 2021
Issue 8, Volume 9, 2021
Issue 7, Volume 9, 2021
Issue 6, Volume 9, 2021
Issue 5, Volume 9, 2021
Issue 4, Volume 9, 2021
Issue 3, Volume 9, 2021
Issue 2, Volume 9, 2021
Issue 1, Volume 9, 2021
Collapse <span class="m110 colortj mt20 fontw700">Volume 8 (2020)</span>Volume 8 (2020)
Issue 12, Volume 8, 2020
Issue 11, Volume 8, 2020
Issue 10, Volume 8, 2020
Issue 9, Volume 8, 2020
Issue 8, Volume 8, 2020
Issue 7, Volume 8, 2020
Issue 6, Volume 8, 2020
Issue 5, Volume 8, 2020
Issue 4, Volume 8, 2020
Issue 3, Volume 8, 2020
Issue 2, Volume 8, 2020
Issue 1, Volume 8, 2020
Collapse <span class="m110 colortj mt20 fontw700">Volume 7 (2019)</span>Volume 7 (2019)
Issue 12, Volume 7, 2019
Issue 11, Volume 7, 2019
Issue 10, Volume 7, 2019
Issue 9, Volume 7, 2019
Issue 8, Volume 7, 2019
Issue 7, Volume 7, 2019
Issue 6, Volume 7, 2019
Issue 5, Volume 7, 2019
Issue 4, Volume 7, 2019
Issue 3, Volume 7, 2019
Issue 2, Volume 7, 2019
Issue 1, Volume 7, 2019
Collapse <span class="m110 colortj mt20 fontw700">Volume 6 (2018)</span>Volume 6 (2018)
Issue 12, Volume 6, 2018
Issue 11, Volume 6, 2018
Issue 10, Volume 6, 2018
Issue 9, Volume 6, 2018
Issue 8, Volume 6, 2018
Issue 7, Volume 6, 2018
Issue 6, Volume 6, 2018
Issue 5, Volume 6, 2018
Issue 4, Volume 6, 2018
Issue 3, Volume 6, 2018
Issue 2, Volume 6, 2018
Issue 1, Volume 6, 2018
Collapse <span class="m110 colortj mt20 fontw700">Volume 5 (2017)</span>Volume 5 (2017)
Issue 12, Volume 5, 2017
Issue 11, Volume 5, 2017
Issue 10, Volume 5, 2017
Issue 9, Volume 5, 2017
Issue 8, Volume 5, 2017
Issue 7, Volume 5, 2017
Issue 6, Volume 5, 2017
Issue 5, Volume 5, 2017
Issue 4, Volume 5, 2017
Issue 3, Volume 5, 2017
Issue 2, Volume 5, 2017
Issue 1, Volume 5, 2017
Collapse <span class="m110 colortj mt20 fontw700">Volume 4 (2016)</span>Volume 4 (2016)
Issue 20, Volume 4, 2016
Issue 19, Volume 4, 2016
Issue 18, Volume 4, 2016
Issue 17, Volume 4, 2016
Issue 16, Volume 4, 2016
Issue 15, Volume 4, 2016
Issue 14, Volume 4, 2016
Issue 13, Volume 4, 2016
Issue 12, Volume 4, 2016
Issue 11, Volume 4, 2016
Issue 10, Volume 4, 2016
Issue 9, Volume 4, 2016
Issue 8, Volume 4, 2016
Issue 7, Volume 4, 2016
Issue 6, Volume 4, 2016
Issue 5, Volume 4, 2016
Issue 4, Volume 4, 2016
Issue 3, Volume 4, 2016
Issue 2A, Volume 4, 2016
Issue 2, Volume 4, 2016
Issue 1, Volume 4, 2016
Collapse <span class="m110 colortj mt20 fontw700">Volume 3 (2015)</span>Volume 3 (2015)
Issue 12B, Volume 3, 2015
Issue 12A, Volume 3, 2015
Issue 12, Volume 3, 2015
Issue 11, Volume 3, 2015
Issue 10A, Volume 3, 2015
Issue 10, Volume 3, 2015
Issue 9, Volume 3, 2015
Issue 8, Volume 3, 2015
Issue 7, Volume 3, 2015
Issue 6, Volume 3, 2015
Issue 5, Volume 3, 2015
Issue 4, Volume 3, 2015
Issue 3, Volume 3, 2015
Issue 2, Volume 3, 2015
Issue 1, Volume 3, 2015
Collapse <span class="m110 colortj mt20 fontw700">Volume 2 (2014)</span>Volume 2 (2014)
Issue 12C, Volume 2, 2014
Issue 12B, Volume 2, 2014
Issue 12A, Volume 2, 2014
Issue 11A, Volume 2, 2014
Issue 12, Volume 2, 2014
Issue 11, Volume 2, 2014
Issue 10, Volume 2, 2014
Issue 9, Volume 2, 2014
Issue 8A, Volume 2, 2014
Issue 8, Volume 2, 2014
Issue 7, Volume 2, 2014
Issue 6, Volume 2, 2014
Issue 5, Volume 2, 2014
Issue 4, Volume 2, 2014
Issue 3, Volume 2, 2014
Issue 2, Volume 2, 2014
Issue 1, Volume 2, 2014
Collapse <span class="m110 colortj mt20 fontw700">Volume 1 (2013)</span>Volume 1 (2013)
Issue 12, Volume 1, 2013
Issue 11, Volume 1, 2013
Issue 10, Volume 1, 2013
Issue 9, Volume 1, 2013
Issue 8, Volume 1, 2013
Issue 7, Volume 1, 2013
Issue 6, Volume 1, 2013
Issue 5, Volume 1, 2013
Issue 4, Volume 1, 2013
Issue 3, Volume 1, 2013
Issue 2, Volume 1, 2013
Issue 1, Volume 1, 2013
American Journal of Educational Research. 2016, 4(8), 637-647
DOI: 10.12691/EDUCATION-4-8-9
Literature Review

Implementation of the Adjunct Faculty Model

K. Garth-James1,

1School of Business Management, Notre Dame de Namur University, California, USA

Pub. Date: June 06, 2016

Cite this paper

K. Garth-James. Implementation of the Adjunct Faculty Model. American Journal of Educational Research. 2016; 4(8):637-647. doi: 10.12691/EDUCATION-4-8-9

Abstract

The growing use of adjunct faculty in higher education has drawn its share of criticism. However, it is not necessarily bad to make use of the Adjunct Faculty Model (AFM) to support institutional mission and goals. This research uses content analysis to explore issues regarding how to precisely define the AFM as well as implementation and implications for faculty job satisfaction linked to student learning, which academic leadership (college deans, department chairs, directors) want to know.

Keywords

adjunct faculty, higher education professoriates, part-time instructors

Copyright

Creative CommonsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

References

[1]  AAUP.Org. “How to diversify faculty.” [Online] Available at http://www.aaup.org/issues/diversity-affirmative-action/diversify-faculty. [Accessed March 2, 2016].
 
[2]  AAUP.Org. “Status of part-time faculty.” [Online] Available at http://www.aaup.org/report/status-part-time-faculty. [Accessed March 2, 2016].
 
[3]  American Council on Higher Education. (n.d.). “Unbundling versus design faculty roles.” [Online]. Available at http://www.acenet.edu/newsoom/Documents/Unbundling-Versus-Designing-Faculty-Roles.pdf. [Accessed March 2, 2016].
 
[4]  American Federation of Teachers.”Standards of good practice in employment of part-time/Adjunct faculty, 2002”[Online] Available at http://www.aft.org/sites/default/files/standardsptadjunct02.pdf. [Accessed March 3, 2016]
 
[5]  August, L. and Waltman, J. “Culture, climate, and contribution: Career satisfaction among female faculty,” Research in Higher Education, 45(2). 177-192, July 2004.
 
[6]  Boynton, S. “A tenured professor on why hiring adjuncts is wrong, 2015.” Available at http://talkingpointsmemo.com/cafe/a-tenured-professor-on-why-hiring-adjuncts-is-wrong. [Accessed March 3, 2016].
 
[7]  Collins, T. “An external perspective on institutional Catholicity in higher education: A case study, 2013.”[Online]. Available at http://www.ben.edu/college-of-education-and-health-services/higher-education/loader.cfm?sModule=security/getfile&pageid=680878. [Accessed March 3, 2016].
 
[8]  Davis, M. “Blended learning research: Seven studies that you should know, 2015.” [Online] Available at http://blogs.edweek.org/edweek/DigitalEducation/2015/04/blended_learning_research_the.html. [Accessed March 2, 2016].
 
[9]  Dierker, L. “The role of MOOCs in the liberal arts proposal for AALAC faculty workshop, 2015.”[Online] Available at https://www.amherst.edu/system/files/media/10.TheRoleMOOCsLiberalArts.pdf. [Accessed March 2, 2016].
 
[10]  Gapta, J. (1984). Employing part-time faculty: Thoughtful approaches to continuing problems, 1984.” [Online]. Available at file:///C:/Users/KIMBER~1/AppData/Local/Temp/ED254134.pdf. [Accessed March 2, 2016].
 
[11]  Howell, S., Saba, F., Lindsay, N. and Willian, P. “Seven strategies for enabling faculty successes in distance education,” Internet & Higher Education, 7(1), 33-40, 2004.
 
[12]  Jaeger, A., and Eagan, M. “Unintended consequences: Examine the effect of part-time faculty members on associate’s degree completion,” Community College Review, 36, 167-194 July 2009.
 
[13]  Jaimeson, D. “Catholic Teaching Says Support Unions. Catholic Colleges Are Fighting Them, 2016.” [Online] Available at http://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/catholic-colleges-adjuncts-unions_us_56942dc0e4b09dbb4bac4f84. [Accessed April 30, 2016].
 
[14]  Jaschik, S. (2015). Big union win, 2015.” Available at https://www.insidehighered.com/news/2015/01/02/nlrb-ruling-shifts-legal-ground-faculty-unions-private-colleges. [Accessed March 3, 2016].
 
[15]  Kezar, A. (Ed.). (2010). Recognizing and serving low income students in postsecondary education: An examination of institutional policies, practices, and culture. New York, NY: Routledge.
 
[16]  Kezar, A. “Changing faculty workforce models.” [Online]. Available at https://www.tiaa.org/public/pdf/changing-faculty-workforce-models.pdf [Accessed March 3, 2016].
 
[17]  Kezar, A. and Lester, J. “Organizing higher education for collaboration: A guide for campus leaders. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass, pp1-320, 2009.
 
[18]  Kezar, A. and Maxey, D. “The changing academic workforce. AGB Trusteeship Magazine, 1-10, Fall 2013.
 
[19]  Krippendorff, K. “Content analysis: An introduction to its methodology. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1-456, 2013.”
 
[20]  Lindholm, J. “Perceived organizational fit: Nurturing the minds, hearts, and personal ambitions of university faculty.” The Review of Higher Education, 27(1), 125-139, 2003.
 
[21]  Logue, J. “Full-time off tenure track, 2015.” [Online]. Available at https://www.insidehighered.com/news/2015/09/29/study-explores-job-satisfaction-full-time-non-tenure-track-instructors. [Accessed March 2, 2016].
 
[22]  Marston, G. and Brunetti, S. “Job satisfaction of experienced professors at a liberal art college.” Education 130 (2). 32-347, July 2005.
 
[23]  Moore, J., Dickerson-Deane, C. and Gaylen, K. “e-Learning, online learning, and distance learning environments: Are they the same? 2015” [Online]. Available at https://scholar.vt.edu/access/content/group/5deb92b5-10f3-49db-adeb-7294847f1ebc/e-Learning%20Scott%20Midkiff.pdf. [Accessed March 2, 2016].
 
[24]  Moxley, L. “Job satisfaction of faculty teaching in higher education: An examination of Herzberg dual-factor theory and Porter’s need satisfaction research, 1977.” [Online] Available at http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED139349.pdf.
 
[25]  NCTE.Org. (1997). Statement from the conference on growing use of part-time faculty and adjunct faculty. Retrieved from http://www.ncte.org/positions/statements/useofparttimefaculty.
 
[26]  Nolan, H. “The misery of adjunct professors keeps higher education booming, 2016.” [Online]. Available at http://gawker.com/the-misery-of-adjunct-professors-keeps-higher-education-1772267323. [Accessed March 2, 2016].
 
[27]  Neely, P., and Tucker, J. “Unbundling faculty roles in online distance education programs,” International Review of Research in Open & Distance Learning, 11(2), 20-33, Fall 2010.
 
[28]  NY Post.Com. “The prestigious college is going out of business (2015),” [Online]. Available at http://nypost.com/2015/05/16/one-of-americas-most-prestigious-colleges-is-closing. [Accessed March 2, 2016].
 
[29]  Panda, S and Mishra, S. “E-Learning in a mega open university: Faculty attitude, barriers and motivators,” Education Media International 44(4), 323-338, Spring 2007.
 
[30]  Paulson, K. “Reconfiguring faculty roles for virtual settings,” The Journal of Higher Education, 73 (1), 123-140, 2002.
 
[31]  Ponjuan, L., Conley, V.M., and Trower, C. “Career stage differences in pre-tenure track faculty perceptions of professional and personal relationships with colleagues,” The Journal of Higher Education 82(3), pp. 319-346, 2011.
 
[32]  Sanford, B. and McClasin, N. “Assessment of Professional Development Activities, Instructional Needs, and Delivery Methods of Part-Time Technical and Occupational Faculty in U.S. Community Colleges, 2004.” [Online] Available at http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED493602.pdf [Accessed March 3, 2016].
 
[33]  Sabharwal, M., and Corley, E. “Faculty job satisfaction across gender and discipline, “ The Social Science Journal 46(3), 539-556, Fall 2009.
 
[34]  Schulte, M. “Faculty perceptions of technology distance education transactions: Qualitative outcomes to inform teaching practices,” The Journal of Educators Online (7)2, 1-34, 2010.
 
[35]  Smerek, R. and Peterson, M. “Examining Herzberg’s theory: Improving job satisfaction among non-Academic employees at a University,” Research in Higher Education 48(2), pp. 229-249, 2007.
 
[36]  Smith, D. “Faculty diversity when jobs are scarce: Debunking the myths. The Chronicle of Higher Education,” [Online]. Available at http://www.millersville.edu/services/socialeq/files/additionalresources/Debunking_The_MythsPDF. [Accessed March 2, 2016].
 
[37]  Smith, V. “The unbundling and rebundling of the faculty role in e-learning community college courses.” Doctoral dissertation. ProQuest Dissertations and Theses Database (AAT 3315310), 2008.
 
[38]  Solomon, B. In the company of educated women: A history of women and higher education in America. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1985.
 
[39]  Stemler, S. “An overview of content analysis, 2001,” [Online] Available at http://www.pareonline.net/getvn.asp?v=7&n=17. [Accessed March 3, 2016].
 
[40]  Rhode, M. “Labor board: Adjunct professors at Catholic university can form union, 2014,” [Online]. Available at http://ncronline.org/news/faith-parish/labor-board-adjunct-professors-catholic-university- can-form-union. [Accessed March 3, 2016].
 
[41]  Tagg, J. “Why does the faculty resist change (2012)? Available at http://www.changemag.org/Archives/Back%20Issues/2012/January-February%202012/facultychange-full.html. [Accessed March 3, 2016].
 
[42]  TESOL. (n.d.). Position paper on equitable treatment for part-time, adjunct, contingent faculty. Retrieved from http://www.tesol.org/docs/pdf/377.pdf?sfvrsn=2.
 
[43]  TESOL.Org. “Member Resolution in support of campus equity week (CEW) and conference on contingent academic labor (COCAL), 2012” [Online]. Available at http://www.tesol.org. [Accessed March 2, 2016].
 
[44]  Umbach, P. “The effects of part-time faculty appointments on instructional techniques and commitment to teaching (2008),” [Online] Available at http://www4.ncsu.edu/~pdumbach/part-time.pdf. [Accessed March 2, 2016].
 
[45]  USDOE.Org. (2002). Part-time instructional faculty and staff: Who they are, what they do and what they think. Washington, D.C.: GPO.
 
[46]  USDOE.Org. (2010). Evaluation of evidence-based practices in online learning A meta-analysis and review of online learning studies (2010),” [Online]. Available at https://www2.ed.gov/rschstat/eval/tech/evidence-based-practices/finalreport.pdf. [ Accessed March 2, 2016].
 
[47]  US House of Representatives. “Just in time professor, 2014,” [Online]. Available at http://democrats.edworkforce.house.gov/sites/democrats.edworkforce.house.gov/files/documents/1.24.14-AdjunctEforumReport.pdf. [Accessed March 3, 2016].
 
[48]  Wallace Center Report. “Evaluation of teaching effectiveness (2012),” [Online]. Available at http://www.rit.edu/academicaffairs/facultydevelopment/sites/rit.edu.academicaffairs. facultydevelopment/files/docs/Evaluation_of_Teaching_Effectiveness.pdf. [Accessed March 3, 2016].
 
[49]  Winters, M. “Catholic universities and unions (2015,” [Online]. Available at http://ncronline.org/blogs/distinctly-catholic/catholic-universities-unions. [Accessed March 3, 2016].
 
[50]  Garth-James, K. “Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs),” Sage Encyclopedia of Economics and Society 3. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, 1369-172, March 2015.
 
[51]  Woodhouse, T. “Trying to survive, 2015,” [Online].. Available at https://www.insidehighered.com/news/2015/05/12/mills-college-struggles-financial-difficulty-faculty-unrest-president-calls-it-quits. [Accessed March 3, 2016].