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Volume 6, Issue 11, 2018

Development of Teaching Materials Based on Metacognition Approach to Improve Mathematical Ability Students in State 17 Middle Medan
Original Research
This study aims to describe: 1) the validity, practicality and effectiveness of the teaching materials developed, 2) describe the improvement of students' mathematical reasoning abilities using the developed teaching material. The development of teaching materials based on the metacognition approach uses a 4-D model developed by Thiagarajan, Semmel and Semmel. The subjects in this study were students of class VIII-8 and VIII-9 SMP Negeri 17 Medan. From the results of field trials I and field trials II obtained: 1) teaching materials that meet valid, practical and effective criteria, 2) there is an increase in mathematical reasoning abilities.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2018, 6(11), 1589-1592. DOI: 10.12691/education-6-11-20
Pub. Date: December 06, 2018
3327 Views1089 Downloads
Active Learning in Pharmacology Teaching: a Report of Experience
Case Report
Pharmacology studies active substances and interactions with living organisms, being complex, and traditional teaching methodologies do not favor student learning. Thus, active methodologies such as educational games can overcome this problem. The objective was to describe the experience report about the use of active methodology in pharmacology teaching. This is an experience report about the use of active methodology in the teaching-learning of pharmacology in a public college of northeast Brazil. It was used a game of hangman-game, with a definition of term, where the students (pair) should associate to one the secret word, in up to 2 minutes. Topics on drug excretion, pharmacodynamics and pharmacology of the CNS were discussed. The students reported acceptance and enthusiasm, since they were able to act in a motivating and fun activity. It turns out that, the game is a form of interactive learning offering a variety of dynamic and informative educational experiences.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2018, 6(11), 1586-1588. DOI: 10.12691/education-6-11-19
Pub. Date: December 04, 2018
1957 Views614 Downloads
The Development of Student Worksheet Based on PISA to Improve Problem Solving Ability
Original Research
Problem solving ability is an ability that sudent have to achieve after learning mathematics. This ability can be trained through using appropriate problems on student worksheets. The purpose of this study was to produce effective worksheet based on PISA and be able to improve students' problem solving abilities. The type of research is the research development that use Dick & Carey models. The trials in this study were carried out in the X IA 3 and X IA 5 classes of Brigjend Katamso I Medan. From the results of trial I and trial II obtained: (1) Worksheet based on PISA that was developed effectively, in terms of: a) classical learning completeness of students that is 89,74%; b) learning objectives for each item is more than 75%; c) 91,79% of students give positive responses; and d) learning time is the same as regular learning time; and (2) there is an increase in the average problem solving ability of students in the first tryout of 0,3 with a low category and in the second trial of 0,4 in the medium category.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2018, 6(11), 1581-1585. DOI: 10.12691/education-6-11-18
Pub. Date: December 02, 2018
2443 Views758 Downloads
Learning Objects to Support the Teaching-Learning Process of a Web Fundamentals Undergraduate Course
Original Research
This paper presents a web tutorial to support the teaching-learning process of a web fundamentals undergraduate course, for the generation of web pages based on the hypertext markup language and cascading style sheets. The basic elements that compose the tutorial are learning objects adapted to the objectives of the course. The tutorial is a web site organized according to the course syllabus, in which topics are presented through learning objects that cover the teaching-learning process by including explanations, examples and activities to illustrate and reinforce the topics covered in classes, showing the code corresponding to the languages used, so that it can be manipulated later by the student. The results of an instrument applied to students for the evaluation of learning objects are provided.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2018, 6(11), 1573-1580. DOI: 10.12691/education-6-11-17
Pub. Date: November 29, 2018
Full-Text PDF(1492 KB)
2750 Views638 Downloads
Job Satisfaction among Special Education Professionals
Original Research
The quality of the professional life of those employed in care and support giving jobs has been the subject of many surveys. The present study discusses job satisfaction among the administrative, teaching and special education staff of Special Education who work in the Centres for Differential Diagnosis, Diagnosis and Support (KEDDY) in Greece. The results of the survey have shown that the participants are rather satisfied with their job. Significant differences were noted in the effect of demographic characteristics on each of the individual dimensions of job satisfaction, as well as on job satisfaction as a whole.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2018, 6(11), 1565-1572. DOI: 10.12691/education-6-11-16
Pub. Date: November 29, 2018
2019 Views734 Downloads
The Resonance of the Past in the Present: The Possibility of Causal Inferences from Historical Research
Original Research
This essay presents an investigation into the possibility of inference of causality from historical research, starting from the perception that the encounter of the causal explanation of an event is among the main motivations of many researchers. It begins with an explanatory analysis of cause, determinism and principle of causality, followed by history and historical method. It uses bibliographic data and positions itself as an interaction of social practice. The analysis was made from dialogical debates on content and theoretical triangulations, with the application of a dialectical model, based on positivism and interpretivism. The work seeks to bring to the scientific community an analysis on the subject.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2018, 6(11), 1558-1564. DOI: 10.12691/education-6-11-15
Pub. Date: November 28, 2018
1802 Views645 Downloads
Building and Using Mathematical ¨C Biological Exercises for Developing Logical Thinking Competency for High School Students in Vietnam
Original Research
Paralleling to the reform of the general education curriculum oriented to learners¡¯ competency development in Vietnam is the innovation of teaching methods. The transfer from content-based teaching to competency approach is a difficult task for high school teachers in Vietnam. The purpose of this study is to design a process for the development and use of mathematical-biological exercises in the development of logical thinking competency for high school students in Vietnam. In the article, based on the study on thinking, logical thinking, definition of logical thinking competency, we define the structure of logical thinking competency of high school students as well as build mathematical-biological exercises model and process of mathematical-biological exercises design. From there, we propose the process of using mathematical-biological exercises to develop students' logical thinking competency.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2018, 6(11), 1551-1557. DOI: 10.12691/education-6-11-14
Pub. Date: November 26, 2018
2293 Views705 Downloads
Factors Affecting Quality of Integrated Science Teaching and Learning in Second Cycle Institutions in Juaboso District
Original Research
The study investigated into the factors that affect the quality of Integrated Science teaching and learning in second cycle institutions in the Juaboso District in the Western Region of Ghana. A survey design was adopted for the study. Structured questionnaire was used to collect information from a sample of 158 students and 11 Integrated Science teachers. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyse the data. The study revealed that the instructional strategies employed by Integrated Science teachers during teaching and learning of Integrated Science were not varied, teacher centred and not inquiry based. Instructional materials utilized during Integrated Science lessons were inadequate. Lack of funds, no motivation by government and no heat source were the major constraints to teacher’s use of instructional materials. An independent-sample t-test results showed a significant difference between mean response of students (M= 43.56, SD = 25.61), and teachers (M =5.67, SD = 2.65) on availability of Instructional materials for teaching and learning Integrated Science (t (8.171) =4.415, p=0.002<0.05). Also significant difference exit between students and teachers mean response on the use of Instructional materials for teaching and learning Integrated Science; t (8.281) = 4.526, p=0.001<0.05. The Juaboso District Education Service in collaboration with the University of Education, Winneba should organize short courses on instructional strategies, material improvisation, production and utilization for teachers to improve the quality of Integrated Science teaching and learning in second cycle institutions in the Juaboso District.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2018, 6(11), 1546-1550. DOI: 10.12691/education-6-11-13
Pub. Date: November 25, 2018
3158 Views745 Downloads
Influence of Problem Based Learning Model and Early Mathematics Ability to Mathematical Communication Skills and Self-Confidence in Junior High School
Original Research
This study aims to determine: (1) the effect of problem based learning model on students mathematical communication skills, (2) the effect of problem based learning model on students self-confidence, (3) the interaction between learning models (problem based learning and conventional learning) and early mathematics ability to students mathematical communication skills, and (4) the interaction between learning models (problem based learning and conventional learning) and early mathematics ability to student's self-confidence. This study is a quasi-experimental research. The population in this study were all students of class VIII junior high school 2 Tanjung Pura consisting of six classes. Samples were selected by simple random sampling as much as two classes. The selected class is VIII-2 as the experimental class (31 students) and VIII-1 as the control class (32 students). The instruments used are mathematical communication skills test, early mathematics ability test, self-confidence questionnaire. Data obtained from the research instruments were analyzed using two-way ANOVA by SPSS program. The results showed that: (1) there is significant effect of problem based learning model to students mathematical communication skill, (2) there is a significant effect of problem based learning model to students self-confidence, (3) there is interaction between learning models (problem based learning and conventional learning) and early mathematics ability to students' mathematical communication skills, (4) there is interaction between learning models (problem based learning and conventional learning) and early mathematics ability to student's self-confidence.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2018, 6(11), 1539-1545. DOI: 10.12691/education-6-11-12
Pub. Date: November 23, 2018
3092 Views1483 Downloads
The Enhancement of Attractiveness and Effectiveness of History Learning Using Local History Interactive Teaching Material
Original Research
Learning package used in history learning has not been exposing the content of students’ surroundings or only describes national events. Learning package which only involves historical events in national light obtains high level abstraction., thus students considered history as monotonous. In addition learning package visual appearance is dominated by text pulls students feel hesitated to study. These findings based on questionnaire results of students which indicated that 79,64% have not received local history learning. Furthermore, quetionnaire results given to teachers indicated that 80% of them have not engaged local resources. This study focuses to generate valid interactive learning package of local history, attractive and effective to be utilized in history learning. This study happens to be development research engaging ADDIE model. Research subjects were 96 students of XI grade Sekolah Menengah Kejuruan in Kabupaten Jember. Instrument used were questionnaire, test, interview, observation, and documentation using qualitative and quantitative analysis. Research results show that (1) interactive learning package of local history used within history learning, content expert validation 96,74% (very suitable), language expert validation 80 % (very suitable), design expert validation 86,66% (very suitable), (2) Interactive learning package of local history has been tested its attractiveness, during small group trial show that learning package of local history is considered attractive by 69,382%, relating field trial show that local history learning package by 76,7% ,upon implementation using T test indicated significance level of 0,00, it means there is a significance between pre test and post test. Hence, learning package of local history is considered attractive and effective to be utilized in history learning.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2018, 6(11), 1531-1538. DOI: 10.12691/education-6-11-11
Pub. Date: November 22, 2018
1967 Views796 Downloads
Development of Learning Devices through Knisley Mathematical Learning Model to Improve Mathematical Understanding and Disposition Ability of Class VII SMP Swasta Tamora 2
Original Research
This study aims to find out (1) validity of learning devices developed through the knisley mathematics learning model; (2) the effectiveness of learning devices developed through the knisley mathematics learning model; (3) the level of ability of students' mathematical understanding by using learning tools developed through the knisley mathematics learning model; (4) the level of students' mathematical disposition by using learning tools developed through the knisley mathematics learning model. Researchers develop learning tools in the form of teacher books, student books, student worksheets (LKS) and learning implementation plans (RPP). Validation of learning devices was carried out by 3 experts and two practitioners and obtained a total average value of validity at intervals of 4 ≤ Va< 5 with valid criteria. Mathematics learning devices developed through a technical mathematic model in improving the mathematical understanding and disposition skills of the developed SMP Swasta Tamora 2 students are effective. Based on the results of the ability of mathematical understanding of the test I and trial II, it was found that the average increase in students' mathematical comprehension ability was 4.12. Based on the results of the students 'mathematical disposition questionnaire in trial I and trial II it was obtained that there was an increase in students' mathematical disposition that is equal to 0.61.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2018, 6(11), 1522-1530. DOI: 10.12691/education-6-11-10
Pub. Date: November 21, 2018
3534 Views1298 Downloads1 Likes
The Effect of Computer Assisted Instructional Media on Secondary School Students’ Academic Performance in Fine Arts in Ebonyi State
Original Research
The study investigated Computer Assisted Instructional Media (CAIM) as an interactive instructional technique using computer to present instructional material and monitor the learning that takes place. It uses the combination of text and graphics, sound and video in the learning process. This program helps the students’ progress at their own pace, assisting them in learning and application of the material. It was designed to see the effect of Computer Assisted Instructional Media as a supplementing strategy on the academic performance of secondary school students in the subject of Fine Arts. Some of the objectives of the study include to: find out the relative effect of Computer Assisted Instructional Media (CAIM) as a supplementing and important strategy on the academic performance of students in Fine Arts, explore the difference between treatment effect in students with natural creative ability and those without and find out the influence of gender on their performance and enrollment in Fine Arts when exposed to computer assisted instructional media. The secondary school students studying Fine Arts drawn from SS11 class at Ebonyi State College of Education secondary School constitute the population of the study and equally selected as a sample of the study. The sample students were assigned into two groups (experimental and control group). They were equated on the basis of their performance score in previous semesters in the subject of Fine Arts and they comprised of forty (40) students. One group was randomly sampled by teaching them a chosen topic in Fine Arts without using computer to stand as a sample of the study while the other group was taught using CAIM. Both the groups were taught through practical method and Computer Assisted Instructional Media (CAIM) being used as a supplementary strategy for the experimental group. The experiment lasted for three weeks and data were collected from 80 students of the two groups. After obtaining the scores, the lists were prepared for each group and the means, standard deviations, differences between mean were computed with significance between the mean scores of both the groups on the variable of previous performance that was tested at 0.5 levels by applying t-test. At the end, it was found that Computer Assisted Instructional Media (CAIM) was effective for both male and female students which led to the recommendations made. Areas of further research like, conducting similar research in other subjects like biology, English language etc, was suggested.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2018, 6(11), 1505-1521. DOI: 10.12691/education-6-11-9
Pub. Date: November 19, 2018
2843 Views878 Downloads
Differences between Mathematics Representation Ability and Students’ Self-Efficacy by Using Learning Cycle 7E and Discovery LearningBased on Batak Angkola Culture in SMAN 1 Sipirok
Original Research
The current study aims at: (1) analyzing differences between students’ Mathematics presentation ability by using learningcycle7E and discovery learning based on BatakAngkola culture, (2) analyzing the differences between students’ self-efficacy by using learningcycle7E and discovery learning based on BatakAngkola Culture, (3) finding out whether there is an interaction between the learning model and students’ KAM on the Mathematics representation ability of students, and (4) discovering whether there is interaction between learning model and students KAM on students self-efficacy. The instruments used include: (1) test of representation ability, and (2) self-efficacy questionnaire. The data of the study is analyzed by using two ways variance analysis. The results of the study show that (1)there is difference in Mathematics representation ability of students who learn by using learningcycle7E model and those who learn by using discovery learning based on BatakAngkola Culture, (2) there is difference between self-efficacy of students who learn by using learning cycle 7E model and self-efficacy of students who learn by using discovery learning based on BatakAngkola Culture, (3) interactions exist between learning model and Students’ KAM toward students’ Mathematics representation ability, (4) interaction exist between learning model and Students’ KAM toward student’s self-efficacy.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2018, 6(11), 1497-1504. DOI: 10.12691/education-6-11-8
Pub. Date: November 18, 2018
2583 Views872 Downloads
Effect of Problem Based Learning through Differentiable Learning Styles in the Teaching of Statistics
Original Research
The goal of this study was to evaluate the effect of Problem Based Learning (PBL) using a strategy mediated by learning styles on variables of academic performance, attitude and motivation of students within a Statistics online course. Participants in the study were alumni of Statistics II subject course at the University of Guadalajara’s Regional Campus in Autlan. Two groups were formed: an experimental one lead through online supported instructional PBL strategy, and a control one attended in a classroom (traditional way). Three questionnaires were applied: first one identified predominant learning styles of students (PEPS), the second one attitude (CUAC) and third one was to interpret motivation (CUMO) towards the proposed learning environment; which were applied at the beginning and at the end of the course. Results of T-test and ANOVA test showed that the learning styles are not related to the instructional strategy of PBL; no differences were found in variables, attitude nor motivation when learning styles were compared within the PBL group. However, such results showed differences in academic performance, attitude and motivation among students of the PBL online group compared to the one that participated in a traditional way.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2018, 6(11), 1487-1496. DOI: 10.12691/education-6-11-7
Pub. Date: November 15, 2018
3036 Views1046 Downloads
The Effect of Cooperative Learning Type Think Pair Share with Autograph on the Mathematical Representation Ability and Self-efficacy
Original Research
This research attempts the effect of Cooperative Learning type Think Pair Share (TPS) with Autograph on the mathematical representation ability and self-efficacy students. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of Cooperative Learning type TPS with Autograph to the students Mathematical Representation Ability and the effect of Cooperative Learning model type TPS with Autograph helping to the students Self-Efficacy. The research samples comprised 36 XI 5 graders (experiment I class) and 36 XI 6 graders (experiment II class) from a Senior High School (SMA) in Medan. We used a quasi experimental design with Cooperative Learning type TPS with Autograph and Cooperative Learning type TPS without Autograph as the independent variables. The dependent variables included the mathematical representation ability and students self-efficacy. The instrument used consisting of the initial mathematical abilities (KAM) test, mathematical representation ability test and self-efficacy questionnaire. The analysis is used two way ANOVA. The research findings indicate that there is a significant effect of Cooperative Learning model type TPS with Autograph to the students mathematical representation ability and there is a significant effect of Cooperative Learning model type TPS with Autograph to the students self-efficacy.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2018, 6(11), 1481-1486. DOI: 10.12691/education-6-11-6
Pub. Date: November 14, 2018
4216 Views1481 Downloads2 Likes
Developing Learning Materials Based on Realistic Mathematics Education with Malay Culture Context to Improve Mathematical Communication Ability and Self-Efficacy of Students in SMPN 2 Talawi
Original Research
This study aims to: 1) analyzing the effectiveness of learning materials that developed through realistic mathematics education with Malay culture context (RME-MCC); 2) analyzing the improvement of students mathematical communication ability by using learning materials that developed through RME-MCC; 3) analyzing the attainment of self-efficacy students by using learning materials that developed through RME-MCC. This research is a development research conducted in two stages, namely the first stage of developing learning materials through RME-MCC using a development model 4-D, and the second stage testing the learning materials through RME-MCC developed in classes VII-1 and VII-2 SMPN 2 Talawi. Learning materials generated from this study are: lesson plans, teacher books, student books, worksheet, and mathematical communication ability tests. From the results of trial I and trial II, it was obtained: 1) the learning materials through RME-MCC met the valid and effective criteria; 2) there is an increase in students mathematical communication ability by using learning materials through RME-MCC, in the trial I obtained an average score of pretest 53,13% and a score of posttest 68,75%, and in the trial II with an average score pretest 65,63% and score posttest 87,50%; 3) the attainment of self-efficacy of students taught using learning materials through RME-MCC in the trial I obtained an average of 81,34% and in the trial II 86,59%. Based on the results of the study it was suggested that mathematics teachers seek mathematics learning using learning approaches and learning materials that integrate local culture in mathematics learning.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2018, 6(11), 1473-1480. DOI: 10.12691/education-6-11-5
Pub. Date: November 14, 2018
3042 Views879 Downloads4 Likes
Development of Learning Devices Based on Metacognition Approach to Improve Mathematical Communication Ability of Students in State SMP 30 of Medan
Original Research
This study aims to: 1) Describe validity, practicality, and effectiveness of learning devices based on metacognition approach developed on mathematical communication ability of students in State SMP 30 of Medan; 2) Describe the improvement of mathematical communication ability using learning devices based on the metacognition approach developed. Researchers develop learning devices based on a metacognition approach using the Dick & Carey development model. The learning devices produced from this study are the teacher’s book and student’s books. From the results of this study it was found that: 1) the developed learning devices fill the criteria of valid, practical, and effective in terms of their respective criteria; 2) in the first trial there was an increase in mathematical communication ability using learning devices developed in the low category, it’s about 0.28 and in the second trial there was an increase in mathematical communication ability using learning devices developed in the medium category, it’s about 0.56.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2018, 6(11), 1465-1472. DOI: 10.12691/education-6-11-4
Pub. Date: November 12, 2018
4136 Views1290 Downloads
International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) Education in Colleges of Education in Southeastern States of Nigeria
Original Research
The study surveyed international financial standards education in Colleges of education in Southeastern states of Nigeria. Three research questions and three null hypotheses tested at 0.05 level of significance guided the study. A four point structured questionnaire having a reliability co-efficient of 0.79 was administered on the sixty-two (62) accounting education lecturers in the Colleges of education in the area. Mean was used to answer the research questions while z-test was used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. It was found that accounting education lecturers are not all that IFRS aware and that effective IFRS education could be achieved by including IFRS in the curriculum, adequate funding and amendment of relevant laws among others. It was recommended that NCCE should integrate IFRS into the accounting curriculum, TetFund should intervene in IFRS education and relevant laws should be adjusted to accommodate IFRS.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2018, 6(11), 1460-1464. DOI: 10.12691/education-6-11-3
Pub. Date: November 09, 2018
2480 Views820 Downloads
Computer Anxiety, Computer Self-Efficacy and Attitude towards Internet among Secondary School Students in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria
Original Research
This study was conducted to determine the influence of computer anxiety and computer self efficacy on the attitude of students to internet in selected model secondary schools in Akwa lbom State, Nigeria. Students' attitude towards the use of internet has been an issue of great concern to teachers of computer science. Three hypotheses were stated to guide the researcher in the course of the study. An expost facto design was used and the population of the study consisted of one thousand eight hundred and two senior secondary 2 students of model secondary schools in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. The sample consisted of six hundred students drawn using the stratified random sampling technique. Students' computer Anxiety, Computer Self-efficacy and Attitude to Internet Questionnaire (SCASEAIQ) was the instrument used to collect data for the study. The questionnaire was divided into three sections. Each of the sections consisted of twenty items. The researcher visited the students and personally administered the instrument. Data analysis was done using Pearson Product Moment Correlation and independent t-test. All the hypotheses were tested at .05 level of significance. Findings revealed that there is a significant positive relationship between students' computer anxiety and attitudes towards internet. There is a significant positive relationship between students' computer self-efficacy and attitude towards internet. Computer anxiety and computer self-efficacy significantly influence students' attitude towards internet. It was concluded that students' computer anxiety and computer self-efficacy influenced students' altitudes toward the internet.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2018, 6(11), 1455-1459. DOI: 10.12691/education-6-11-2
Pub. Date: November 09, 2018
3082 Views1412 Downloads1 Likes
Capability Building of Coordinating with Other Educators for Preschool Teachers in Educating Developmentally Disabled Children in Gia Lam District, Hanoi, Vietnam
Original Research
The paper deals with the theory and practice of collaborative capacity building for preschool teachers with other educator forces in care and education of children with developmental disabilities in Gia Lam district, Hanoi, Vietnam. The results of theoretical and factual studies indicate that: Developmental disabilities are the development of high-level functional disabilities in the central nervous system during development, which presents a distortion or problem of cognitive abilities, communication, social, learning, attention, etc. Fostering the capacity to coordinate social forces in caring for and educating children with developmental disabilities is a continuation of training to develop the capacity of coordinating the social forces in care and education. The capacity of coordinating with other educator forces for teachers of preschool children with developmental disabilities vary in its objectives, methods and forms. Despite the concern and care from managers and authorities, there are still many teachers who do not fully understand the problem. The development of coordination plans with social forces in the education of children with developmental disabilities has been paid attention, but only in the general plan on the coordination of social forces. Measures should be taken to improve the effectiveness of capacity building for preschool teachers with the education staff in developmental care for children with disabilities to develop a standardized, consistent and consistent system of procedures. It is essential to improve the quality of early childhood education and help preschool teachers equip themselves with knowledge, skills and skills in coordination with other social forces.
American Journal of Educational Research. 2018, 6(11), 1445-1454. DOI: 10.12691/education-6-11-1
Pub. Date: November 05, 2018
3098 Views958 Downloads